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MEGILAH 16, 17, 18, and 19 (1st day of Sukos) sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) [line 6] KAMAH PAISHAN MI'SHENEI? - how many years are left from his life?
*****PEREK #2 HA'KOREI L'MAFREI'A*****
2) [line 27] L'LO'AZOS - people who speak a foreign language (other than
3) [line 27] LA'AZ - a foreign language (LA'AZ = Lashon Am Zar = the language
of a foreign nation).
4) [line 28] ASHURIS - Lashon ha'Kodesh -- Kesav Ashuris is the script in
which the Torah was given to Moshe Rabeinu. Kesav Ashuris means Assyrian
script, and refers to the modern form of Hebrew (block) letters, which was
reinstated by the returning Babylonian captives and made to the supersede
Kesav Ivri, the older "Hebrew" (Syriac or Samaritan) characters, which had
been substituted for it over the years.
5) [line 28] SEIRUGIN - in intervals; with interruptions
6) [line 29] MISNAMNEM - dozing
7) [line 31] SAM - orpiment, a mineral that is used as a yellow dye
8) [line 31] SIKRA - (O.F. minie) minium, red lead used to make red paint
9) [line 31] KUMOS - an ink prepared with the sap/gum of the Acacia tree
10) [line 31] KANKANTUM - (O.F. adrement), vitriol, black ink used by
11) [line 32] NEYAR - paper
12) [line 32] DIFTERA - a hide that is treated with salt and flour, but not
with gall nuts (Afatzim), and that is not split in two.
13) [line 18] SHIMON HA'PAKULI - Shimon the Cotton Dealer (who sold tufts of
14) [line 18] HISDIR 18 BERACHOS - arranged the 18 blessings in their proper
15) [line 23] BENEI ELIM - sons of the powerful (the Patriarchs who were
powerful in their faith); alt. sons of rams (the Patriarchs allowed
themselves to be slaughtered like animals for HaSh-m's sake, particularly
Yitzchak, who was prepared to allow himself to be sacrificed by Avraham
(MIDRASH SHOCHER TOV). (According to the Midrash BEREISHIS RABA 56:10, this
could be read as Ilmim (mute), since the Patriarchs remained silent and
uncomplaining when they were tested by Hashem.)
16) [line 27] HADRAS KODESH - splendor of holiness
17) [line 46] MAFKI'EI SHE'ARIM - those who "break" the market value and
diminish the amount of produce that a fixed amount of money will purchase,
i.e. those merchants who cause the price of food to rise
18) [line 50] "V'ASHIVAH YADI..." - "And I will return my hand upon you, and
smelt away your dross as with lye, and take away all of your base alloy;"