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Megilah 16

MEGILAH 16, 17, 18, and 19 (1st day of Sukos) sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.

1) [line 1] SHIMSHI - son of Haman, scribe of the kings of Paras and Madai, who tried to stop the building of the second Beis ha'Mikdash. Our Gemara relates that he tried to erase the account of the assassination attempt on Achashveirosh's life that was thwarted by Mordechai

2) [line 8] KEMITZAH
(a) When a Korban Minchah (flour offering) is offered, a Kohen must take off a Kometz (handful), which is burned upon the Mizbe'ach.
(b) A Kometz is the amount that can be held by the middle three fingers when they are pressed upon the palm. The Kohen puts his hand in the dough or baked goods and removes one handful. The excess of dough or baked goods that sticks out is then wiped off by the thumb and the smallest finger until only the Kometz remains.

3) [line 9] SUSEI MEICHAD B'YADEI - [the reigns of] a horse held in his hand
4) [line 9] MIRTAS - he was frightened
5) [line 10] DI LO SIKAVU B'GACHALTO - (lit. so that you do not get burned by his coal) so that you do not get killed by him, too

6) [line 16] AD D'AYILNA L'VEI BANEI - until I go to the bathhouse
7) [line 17] V'ESHKOL L'MAZAYA - and I get my hair cut
8) [line 18] V'ASARTINHU - (a) and she had them (the bathhouse attendants) locked up (RASHI); (b) and she had them (the bathhouses) locked (MAHARSHA)

9) [line 18] UMNEI - barbers
10) [line 20] INGAD V'ISNACH - he sighed and he groaned
11) [line 21] BALANI V'SAPAR - a bathhouse attendant and a barber
12) [line 21] KEFAR KARTZUM - the Girsa in Midrash Rabah (Esther 10:4) is KEFAR *KARYANOS*, also known as KEFAR *KARNAYIM* (Vayikra Rabah 17:4) - a small town in the land of Edom near the border of Eretz Yisrael

13) [line 27] NAKIT V'AZIL - holding [the reigns of the horse] and walking, [leading the horse]

14) [line 27] BI'SHEVILA D'VEI HAMAN - on the street where Haman's house was located
15) [line 28] ATZITZA - the chamber pot
16) [line 42] MECHAVAH - pointing
17) [line 42] V'SATAR YADAH - and slapped her hand
18) [line 44] BUSTANEI - pleasure garden
19) [line 46] VAI MI'BEISA, VAI MI'BARA - [Achashveirosh said to Haman,] "Woe for the [action that you are doing in the] house; woe for the [actions that you ordered to have done] outside!"


20) [line 3] MILAS - fine wool
21) [line 12] MISHKAN SHILOH - the Tabernacle built in the portion of Efrayim after the 14 years of conquest and apportionment of Eretz Yisrael. The Mishkan stood there for 369 years (Seder Olam Raba 11)

22) [line 21] SHE'DA'AS ZEKENIM NOCHAH HEIMENU - that is agreeable and pleasing to the sentiments of the elderly

23) [line 24] TA'ALA B'IDNEI SAGID LEI - you must bow down [even] to the fox in his time [of dominance]

24) [line 25] MAI BETZIRUSEI ME'ACHAVA? - what is it that puts him at a lower level than his brothers?

25) [line 34] L'MIMTECHAH BI'ZEKIFA - to stretch it out upright (Some say that the reading of the word is stretched out while others say that the shape of the letter is stretched out -- ROSH)

26) [line 34] K'MORDAYA D'LAVROS - like the pole of a barge
27) [line 36] ARI'ACH AL GABEI LEVEINAH - (lit. a half-brick on top of a brick) with the words written (approximately) above the blank space of the next line [and the blank spaces left above the words of the next line], as follows:

_   _______   _
_____     _____
_   _______   _
_____     _____
_   _______   _
28) [line 36] ARI'ACH AL GABEI ARI'ACH - (lit. a half-brick on top of a half- brick) with the words written (approximately) above the words of the next line [and the blank spaces left on top of the blank spaces of the next line, as follows:
_____     _____
_____     _____
_____     _____
_____     _____
_____     _____

29) [line 41] SHIRTUT - etching lines into the parchment as a guide for writing straight
30) [line 42] AMITAH SHEL TORAH - an actual Sefer Torah

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