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Megilah 14

MEGILAH 14 (Yom Kipur 5760) - Dedicated by Dovid and Zahava Rubner of Petach Tikva. May Hashem grant them and all of their offspring with joy, fulfillment, and all that they need!

1a) [line 2] TEL - a mound of earth
b) [line 3] CHARITZ - a trench
2) [line 25] KRIYASA ZU HALEILA - reading the Megilah is the equivalent of saying Halel
3) [line 35] SHE'SACHSA B'RU'ACH HA'KODESH - she looked into the future with Divine Inspiration
4) [line 36] SOCHIN - stare 5) [line 39] V'TAFCHAH AL ROSHAH - he tapped her on the head
6) [line 48] MA'ASEH YADAV MEVALIN OSO - the items he produces outlive him
7) [line 49] TZAYAR - artist


8) [line 4] KILISANI - held me back, prevented me
9) [line 7] L'FUKAH - as a stumbling block
10) [line 13] ITESA, B'HADI SHUSA PILCHA - a woman handles the spindle while she talks; i.e. pursues two aims at one time (she is dissuading David from killing her husband and at the same time is asking him to marry her if her husband dies)

11a) [line 14] SHAFIL V'AZIL BAR AVZA - a goose bends its head down while walking
b) [line 14] V'EINOHI MITAIFEI - but its eyes are lifted [to look out to a distance]

12) [line 27] "VA'YOMER MAH HA'TZIYUN HA'LAZ?" - Yerav'am was the founder of the breakaway Kingdom of Yisrael, which rebelled against the rule of the House of David in the days of David's grandson Rechav'am. Only the tribes of Yehudah and Binyamin remained faithful to the House of David. Yerav'am was concerned that his subjects should not be drawn back to the Davidic Kingdom of Yehudah when they went to worship in the Temple in its capital, Yerushalayim. He therefore forbade his people to travel to Yerushalayim, and built two other "Temples," where golden calves were worshipped, to supplant the capital, Yerushalayim. The main Temple was in Beis El, and the new religion was introduced with a fictitious holiday in the eighth month (a take-off of the Jewish Sukos). On that occasion, we are told that Yerav'am, "ascended the altar that he had made in Beis El on the fifteenth day of the eighth month, in the month that he had fabricated with his imagination, inventing a holiday for the Children of Yisrael -- he ascended the altar to burn sacrifices." (Melachim I 12:33).
HaSh-m was swift in His angry reaction to Yerav'am's outrageous sacrilege: "Just then a prophet came to Beis El from Yehudah... while Yerav'am was standing atop the altar to burn the sacrifice. He called out to the altar, by the word of HaSh-m, and said, 'Altar, altar! Thus said HaSh-m: Behold, a son will be born to the House of David by the name of Yoshiyahu, and he will slaughter upon you the priests of the Bamos, who burn sacrifices upon you; human bones will be burned upon you!'" (ibid. 13:1-2).
The prophet died that same day and was buried in Beis El. His prophecy came true -- more than three centuries later -- when Rechav'am's descendant, King Yoshiyahu, came to power and instituted sweeping religious reforms, during the course of which many idolatrous shrines and temples were defiled and destroyed. When he came to Beis El (which was, of course, in the territory of the Northern Kingdom), we are told: "Also the altar that was in Beis El -- the Bamah that Yerav'am son of Nevat built, with which he caused Yisrael to sin -- also that altar and its Bamah he demolished; he burned the Bamah and ground it up into dust and burned the Asherah. Yoshiyahu then turned and saw the graves that were there on the mountain and he sent men to take the bones out of the graves and burn them upon the altar, defiling it; in accordance with the word of HaSh-m which the prophet, who had prophesied about these events, had proclaimed. [Yoshiyahu] then asked, 'What is this tombstone that I see?' The people of the city answered him, 'It is the grave of the prophet who came from Yehudah and prophesied about these deeds that you have done upon the altar of Beth El.'" (Melachim II 23:15-17)

13) [line 33] "GAM YEHUDAH SHAS KATZIR LACH BE'SHUVI SHVUS AMI" - "Also, Yehudah, has planted a branch of yours, when I sought to return the captivity of my nation." (Hoshea 6:11) - This is transposed to mean "Also Yehudah is appointed as a captain for you, when I returned the captivity of my nation."

14) [line 38] LO YA'EH YEHIRUSA - the promotion to a position of authority is unbecoming
15) [line 39] V'SANYAN SHEMAIHU - and their names [refer to things that] are loathsome
16) [line 40] ZIBURTA - bee
17) [line 40] KARKUSHTA - marten, weasel or rat
18) [line 49] PASYA UCHMA! - black earthenware vessel! (this appelation is used for a Talmid Chacham who is so fully devoted to learning Torah that he does not even have time to wash his clothes -- RASHI Avodah Zarah 16b)

19) [line 49] MINI U'MINACH TISTAYEM SHEMA'ATA - between the two of us, the matter will be clarified [i.e. both statements are true]

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