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Megilah 12

MEGILAH 11-13 sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.

1) [line 7] LI'FKIDAH B'ALMA - merely for Divine remembrance
2) [line 12] KOVEL ANI LECHA - I complain to you
3) [line 14] HA'PARTEMIM - the nobles
4) [line 14] ASNUYEI ASNU BAHADADI - they made a condition with each other
5) [line 15] IY MINAN MALCHEI, MINAICHU IPARCHEI - if the kings will be appointed from us, the nobles or governors will be appointed from you

6) [line 26] HEM LO ASU ELA L'FANIM - they only bowed down outwardly (out of fear of the king, with no intention to worship it)

7) [line 27] BISAN - (a) a leisure area planted with trees (RASHI to Bava Metzia 39b and to Esther 1:5); (b) a palace (Ibn Ezra to Esther ibid.)

8) [line 31] CHOREI CHOREI - holes upon holes; i.e. the mattress and bed covers were crocheted or woven

9) [line 31] MEILAS LEVANAH - fine white wool
10) [line 32] KARIM SHEL PASIM - pillows of fine wool, possibly striped
11) [line 35] SHE'MISCHOTETOS AL BA'ALEIHEN - (lit. for which their owners dig when searching for them) precious stones that are attained with great toil and for which their owners pay a considerable sum (RASHI)

12) [line 36] AVNEI NEZER MISNOSESOS - the stones of the crown that are attained with great tribulation

13) [line 36] DAREI DAREI - rows upon rows
14) [line 37] V'DARAH SHEMAH - and it is called Darah
15) [last line] IHU V'KAREI V'ITESEI V'VUTZINEI - (lit. he with large gourds and his wife with small gourds) both the husband and the wife have the same evil intentions, but hers are to a lesser degree


16) [line 22] BAR AHURAIREI D'ABA - my father's (Belshatzar's) stable boy
17) [line 22] ABA LA'KAVEL ALFA, CHAMRA SHASEH, V'LO RAVI - (a) my father drank as much wine as a thousand people and did not become drunk (RASHI and METZUDOS DAVID, Daniel 5:1); (b) He drank as much wine as the most voracious wine-drinker in the group of 1,000 people [that attended his party] (TOSFOS HA'ROSH); (c) He drank as much wine as an *ox* [drinks water] (ibid.)

18) [line 25] L'MACHAR, PASIK LEI CHAMREI - [the effects of] his wine will wear off
19) [line 28] K'CHAMRA D'YASIV AL DURDAYEI - like wine that is settled on its lees
20) [line 30] HURAK - poured
21) [line 33] KARIM BENEI SHANAH - fattened sheep within their first year
22) [line 36] MIRSU V'DAM - stir blood (of sacrifices, so that it should not congeal)
23) [line 41] KARACHAH - a common weaver
24) [line 41] PARDASHKA LEHEVEI - he is an officer, a nobleman
25) [line 44] ITAMRAH MINEI - he hid her from him
26) [line 45] IY L'YICHUSA KA'ASI - if the verse is describing his lineage
27) [line 48] MUCHTAR B'NIMUSO HAYAH - [the word "Nimuso" means "his *name*," from the Greek "Nomen" -- TOSFOS HA'ROSH] (a) adorned with pleasant names and good deeds and well versed in the tactics of kings and ministers. Therefore he was called Yehudi after Yehudah, who was the most dignified of the tribes and the progenitor of kings (TOSFOS DH Yesh, found only in the EIN YAKOV, second explanation); (b) According to other editions of the Gemara, this statement of Rav Nachman follows the previous Sugya and *precedes* the words, "Kari Lei Yehudi..." - adorned with pleasant names, i.e. all of the names of *his ancestors* (Ya'ir, Shim'i, Kish) actually describe virtuous qualities that he possessed (TOSFOS ibid., first explanation)

28) [line 49] MISGAROS - start up, argue

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