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Megilah 11

MEGILAH 11-13 sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.

1) [line 10] "ARI NOHEM V'DOV SHOKEK..." - "[As] a roaring lion, and a growling bear, [so is] a wicked ruler over a destitute people. (Mishlei 28:15)

2) [line 11] "ALAH ARYEH MI'SUBECHO..." - "The lion has come up from his thicket, and the destroyer of the nations is on his way; he has gone out from his place, to make your land desolate; your cities shall be laid waste, without inhabitant." (Yirmeyahu 4:7)

3) [line 12] "VA'ARU CHEIVAH ACHORI SINYANAH DAMYAH L'DOV..." - "And behold another beast, a second one, like a bear, and it was lying on one side, and it had three ribs in its mouth between its teeth; and it was told, 'Arise, devour much flesh!'" (Daniel 7:5)

4) [line 13] MESURBALIN BASAR K'DOV - cloaked with flesh like a bear
5) [line 14] "BA'ATZALTAYIM YIMACH HA'MEKAREH..." - "By slothfulness the ceiling sags; and through idleness of the hands the house leaks." (Koheles 10:18) - The Gemara interprets this verse as, "Because of the laziness of Benei Yisrael with regard to Torah-learning, HaSh-m, kev'Yachol, becomes as if he is poor, unable to protect them."

6) [line 16] "V'IM MACH HU ME'ERKECHA..." - "But if he is poorer than your estimation, [then he shall present himself before the Kohen, and the Kohen shall value him; according to the ability of him who vowed shall the Kohen value him.]" (Vayikra 27:8)

7) [line 16] "HA'MEKAREH VA'MAYIM ALIYOSAV..." - "Who lays the beams of His chambers in the waters; [Who makes the clouds His chariot; Who walks upon the wings of the wind." (Tehilim 104:3)

8) [line 29] BEN GILO - of the same character (born at the same hour, under the same cosmic influences)

9) [line 32] SHULEI KEDEIRAH - the [blackened] underside of a pot
10) [line 42] "...MI'TIFSACH V'AD AZAH" - "For he had dominion over all of the region beyond the [Euphrates] river, from Tifsach to Azah, over all the kings of the region beyond the [Euphrates] river; and he had peace on all sides around him." (Melachim I 5:4)

11) [line 46] MALCHU V'CHIPAH - ruled over the whole known world


12) [line 2] LO SALIK MALCHUSEI - (lit. his kingdom did not finish) he lost the throne before the end of his life

13) [line 2] MELECH V'HEDYOT - Shlomo was a king and them became a commoner
14) [line 11] SHELAMCHON YISGEI - your peace shall increase (a salutation)
15) [line 13] L'ACHASHDARPENAYA - to the satraps

16) [line 30] YEHOYAKIM

The Judean Kings from Chizkiyahu until Tzidkiyahu and the years of their rule:

KING:                Years of rule
-----                -------------

CHIZKIYAHU              29
MENASHE                 55
AMON                     2
YOSHIYAHU               31
YEHOACHAZ                3 MONTHS
   ben Yoshiyahu
YEHOYAKIM  (Elyakim)    11
   ben Yoshiyahu
   ben Yehoyakim
TZIDKIYAHU (Matanyah)   11
   ben Yoshiyahu
(See also our lengthy Chart, mailed out independently)

17) [line 42] HASHTA VADAI, TU LO MIFREKEI - now for certain, they will never be redeemed

18) [line 44] "V'AL MAREI SHEMAYA HISROMAMTA, UL'MANAYA DI VAISEI HAISIV KADAMAYCH [V'ANT V'RAVREVANAYCH SHEGELASACH U'LCHENASACH CHAMRA SHASAYIN BEHON]." - "You exalted yourself against the L-rd of Heaven, and the utensils of His House were brought before you, [and you, your nobles, your consorts and your concubines drank wine from them]." (Daniel 5:23)

19) [line 45] "BEI B'LEILYA KETIL BELSHATZAR MALKA CHASDA'AH" - "That very night Belshatzar, the Chaldean king, was slain." (Daniel 5:30)

20) [line 50] CHASHIV V'AYIL CHILUFAIHU - he figured and added eight years in their place

21) [last line] "BADAYIN BETELAS AVIDAS BEIS ELAKA DI B'YRUSHELEM, [VA'HAVAS BATLA AD SHENAS TARTEIN L'MALCHUS DARYAVESH MELECH PARAS.]" - "Then the work of the house of HaSh-m that is in Yerushalayim ceased; [and it remained halted until the second year of the reign of Daryavesh, king of Persia.]" (Ezra 4:24)

22) [last line] SHANIM MEKUTA'OS - incomplete years

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