REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Makos 20
MAKOS 16-20 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications
for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
(a) Discussing a Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel, what does
Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah say in the name of Rebbi Yossi, in a case where
fruit that had not yet reached the stage of Ma'asros and that entered
Yerushalayim, was taken out again?
(b) In which case then, do Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue?
(c) What is then the basis of their Machlokes?
(a) How do we reconcile Rebbi Yossi according to Beis Hillel in the latter
Beraisa with his own ruling in the earlier one, where he ruled 'Matanos
she'Lo Hurmu, ke'Mi she'Hurmu Damyan'?
(b) How does *Ravina* establish the case of Rebbi Yossi in the earlier
Beraisa, to explain Rebbi Yossi's Chidush, and to resolve Rav Papa's
She'eilah on the previous Amud?
(a) What does our Mishnah say about someone who makes a bald patch on his
head (as a sign of mourning for a deceased person), who rounds off his
Pe'os, who destroys the corners of his beard or who cuts himself as a sign
of mourning for a deceased person? What do all these have in common?
(b) What does the Tana say about someone who makes ...
- ... one cut for five dead people?
- ... five cuts for one dead person?
(a) How many sets of Malkos does one receive for ...
(b) Rebbi Eliezer qualifies this last statement.
- ... cutting off one's Pe'os?
- ... destroying one's beard?
What does he say? In
which case will one only be subject to one set of Malkos, according to him?
(c) The Tana Kama confines the La'av to shaving with a razor.
Rebbi Eliezer say?
(a) Regarding the Pasuk in Emor "Lo Yikrechu Korchah be'Rosham", what does
the Beraisa learn from ...
Answers to questions
(b) This Pasuk is written in connection with the Kohanim (the Pasuk in
Re'ei, with Yisre'elim).
- ... "Korchah"?
- ... "be'Rosham"? Why might we have thought otherwise?
Why would we have thought that Kohanim might be
different in this regard?
(c) So from where do we know that this Chumra extends to Yisre'elim as well?
(d) On the other hand, what will we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei (written
by Yisre'elim) that will apply to Kohanim too?
(a) Why can the four or five bald patches discussed in the current Beraisa
not be speaking in a case where one made them one after the other ...
(b) This ruling is based on a Mishnah in Nazir.
- ... with the corresponding number of warnings?
- ... with one warning?
What does the Tana say
there about a Nazir who is warned not to drink wine ...
(c) Then what is the case in the Beraisa where he receives four or five sets
of Malkos (and which is not obvious)?
- ... and proceeds to drink it all day?
- ... and drinks, is warned again and drinks again?
(a) According to Rav Huna, the Shiur of a Korchah is that it should be
What does Rebbi Yochanan quoting Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon (or
(b) The Tana Kama in a Beraisa gives the Shiur as a ks'Geris.
(c) A third Tana cited by Rav Yehudah bar Chaviva gives the Shiur as two
How do others quote this Tana?
(d) How will we remember that it is the opinion that holds two hairs that is
replaced with that of a lentil, and not that which holds the size of a bean?
(a) We learned in a Beraisa that someone who removes a 'M'lo Pi ha'Zug' (the
tip of a scissors-full) of hair on Shabbos, is Chayav.
How much does Rav
Yehudah give as a 'M'lo Pi ha'Zug'?
(b) How do we therefore amend the Beraisa, which continues 'le'Korchah
(c) This is also the opinion of the Tana Kama in a Beraisa.
Rebbi Eliezer say?
(d) The Chachamim concede to Rebbi Eliezer that one is Chayav for removing
even one white hair from the black ones.
Why is this forbidden ...
- ... on Shabbos?
- ... even during the week?
(a) The Beraisa translates "Pe'as Rosho" as 'Sof Rosho'.
How does the Tana
go on to define the Isur?
(b) What was Rav Chisda's initial reaction to the Beraisa quoted by the
Beraisa expert which rendered the person's whose Pe'os were shaved off
Chayav together with the person who shaved him?
(c) He did however, suggest to the Beraisa expert that the author must be
Rebbi Yehudah, who holds that one is Chayav for a La'av she'Ein Bo Ma'aseh.
Nevertheless, how will Rebbi Yehudah learn this from the Pasuk "Lo Sakifu
Pe'as Roshcha" (which implies an act)?
(d) Rava establishes the Beraisa even like the Chachamim, and the Tana
speaks when the sinner shaved himself (for which he will receive two sets of
What does Rav Ashi say?
(a) A Beraisa describes "Pe'as Zekano" as 'Shiboles Zekano'.
Answers to questions
(b) In the Pasuk "ve'Seret la'Nefesh Lo Sitnu bi'Vesarchem", what does the
Beraisa learn from ...
(c) What does Rebbi Yossi learn from "ve'Seret?
- ... "la'Nefesh"? What would we have otherwise thought?
- ... "ve'Seret"?
(d) So from where does Rebbi Yossi learn the previous Halachah?