REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Makos 9
MAKOS 9 (7 Shevat) - dedicated by Danny & Ramona Schwartz, l'Iluy Nishmat
Yochanan Shabsai ben Yair, Z"L, whose Yahrzeit is 7 Shevat.
(a) We learned in our Mishnah 'Chutz mi'Ger Toshav'? What does this
(b) What status does this give a Ger Toshav?
(c) What is the Kashya on this from the Seifa of our Mishnah (see Tosfos DH
(d) How does Rav Kahana reconcile the two sections of the Mishnah? Why does
a Ger Toshav who killed a Yisrael not go into Galus?
(a) In another version of the Kashya (which Rav Kahana will answer in the
same way) how does the Pasuk in Mas'ei (in connection with the Arei Miklat)
"li'Venei Yisrael ve'la'Ger ve'la'Toshav" appear to clash with the Pasuk
there "ve'Hayu he'Arim ha'Eileh Lachem"?
(b) Another Beraisa states 'Lefichach Ger ve'Oved-Kochavim she'Hargu,
To what does 'Lefichach' refer?
(c) What does the comparison between Ger and Oved-Kochavim teach us? How
does this create a Kashya on our Mishnah?
(a) To resolve the Kashya, Rav Chisda draws a distinction between an upward
stroke and a downward one.
What exactly does this mean? Which is which?
(b) On what grounds does Raba reject Rav Chisda's answer? What is the 'Kal
(c) Consequently, Rabah establishes the Beraisa by 'Omer Mutar'.
Abaye query this?
(d) What does Rabah reply?
(a) And we conclude that they follow their own reasoning. What does Rabah
say about a Ger Toshav who kills a person thinking that he is an animal, or
a fellow Ger Toshav thinking that he is a Cana'ani?
(b) And what does Rav Chisda say?
(c) What does Rava ask on Rav Chisda from the Pasuk in Vayeira (where Hashem
says to Avimelech) "Hincha Meis al ha'Ishah Asher Lakachta"? What sort of
death does Rav think is meant here?
(d) What did Rav Chisda reply?
(a) Rav Chisda attempted to prove his answer from Hashem's words "me'Chato
"Li*", implying that Hashem was resonsible for Avimelech's sin and not
Answers to questions
How does Rava counter this proof?
(b) What does Abaye ask Rabah from the Pasuk "ha'Goy Gam Tzadik Taharog"?
(c) Rabah refutes Abaye's Kashya with a statement of Rebbi Shmuel bar
Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan.
What problem does he initially have with the
Pasuk "ve'Atah Hashev Eishes ha'Ish Ki Navi Hu"?
(d) So how does he explain ...
(e) What principle does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan
extrapolate from here?
- ... "ve'Atah Hashev Eishes ha'Ish"?
- ... "Ki Navi Hu"?
(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah, a blind man who kills be'Shogeg does not go
What does Rebbi Meir say?
(b) According to the Tana Kama, a hater does not go into Galus either.
What does Rebbi Yossi say?
(c) Rebbi Shimon is the most lenient of all. What compromise does he make
regarding the Din of a hater?
(a) What does Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa initially learn from "be'Lo Re'os"?
(b) What does he then learn from the continuation of the Pasuk "bi'Veli
(c) Rebbi Yehudah initially includes a blind man from "va'Asher Yavo es
Re'ehu". What does he then learn in a Beraisa, from "be'Lo Re'os"?
(d) And what does Rebbi Yehudah learn from "bi'Veli Da'as"?
(a) What problem do we have with Rebbi Yossi in our Mishnah, who sentences a
hater to death, even if he killed be'Shogeg?
(b) And we answer by amending the name of the author to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi
What does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah say in a Beraisa about a
'Chaver' (a Talmid-Chacham)?
(a) To explain Rebbi Shimon in our Mishnah (who makes it dependent upon how
the hater killed), we differentiate between a rope that snapped and one that
What do we mean by that? Which will then be which?
(b) What double S'tirah do we ask on this from Rebbi Shimon himself? What
does Rebbi Shimon say about someone who kills be'Shogeg by allowing a trowel
to fall on someone?
(c) To answer the S'tirah on the two cases of the rope or the trowel
slipping, we answer simply 'Ha be'Ohev, ve'Ha be'Sonei'.
How do we resolve
the S'tirah between the two cases of snapping?
(d) According to Rebbi Shimon, when will a hater go into Galus if we hold
like Rebbi with regard to 'Nishmat'?
(a) What is the basis of the mistake in our erroneous text 'Nifsak a'Nifsak
Lo Kashya, Ha be'Ohev ... . Nishmat a'Nishmat Lo Kashya, Ha Rebbi, Ha
(b) We reject this text for two reasons. One of them, because if 'Nifsak'
goes into Galus by a Sonei, then how much more so by an Ohev.
What is the
other, with regard to 'Nishmat a'Nishmat Lo Kashya ... '?
(a) Where were the two groups of three Arei Miklat situated?
(b) When did the three in Eiver ha'Yarden, which Moshe already designated,
come into effect?
(c) Why was that?
(a) What does our Mishnah learn from the Pasuk "Tachin Lecha ha'Derech" (see
(b) Why did Beis-Din allot two Talmidei-Chachamim to accompany the Rotze'ach
to the Ir Miklat?
(c) What does Rebbi Meir say?
(d) Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah maintains that initially, every murderer
(even a Meizid) had to run to an Ir Miklat.
What would the procedure then
(a) To what does the Beraisa compare the two groups of Arei Miklat (one in
Eiver ha'Yarden, the other, in Eretz Yisrael)?
(b) To which tribes did Chevron, Sh'chem and Kedesh, respectively (the three
Arei Miklat running from south to north in Eretz Yisrael), belong?
(c) Regarding the three corresponding towns in Eiver ha'Yarden, if Betzer
was in the desert, where were Ramot and Golan, respectively, situated?
(d) How does the Beraisa explain the word "ve'Shilashta"?
(a) How does Abaye explain the fact that Eiver ha'Yarden, where only two and
a half tribes lived, required as many Arei Miklat as Eretz Yisrael?
Answers to questions
(b) This is based on the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "Gilad Kiryas Po'alei Aven Akuvah
How does Rebbi Elazar interpret "Akuvah mi'Dam"?
(c) And how does Abaye explain the fact that the distance between the
extreme north and south of Eretz Yisrael to Kedesh and Chevron,
respectively, was twice as far as the distance between them and the middle
(d) Why, in the relevant Pasuk in Hoshe'a, does the Navi insert the words