POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Makos 20
MAKOS 16-20 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications
for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) REDEEMEDING "MA'ASER SHENI" THAT ENTERED YERUSHALAYIM
(a) Question (Beraisa - R. Yosi): Reuven had a Tevel fig; he
said 'The Terumah is at the stem, Ma'aser Rishon is in
the north (i.e. the northernmost tenth of the fig,
Ma'aser Sheni is in the south (in a year of Ma'aser
Sheni, and he was in Yerushalayim - if it was a year of
Ma'aser Oni, he designated Ma'aser Oni in the south, even
if he was outside Yerushalayim); he ate it:
2) REMOVING ONE'S HAIR
1. If he is a Kohen, he is lashed once (the Ma'aser
Rishon is Tevel, Terumas Ma'aser was not separated
(b) Answer #1: The case is, he brought it inside and took it
2. If he is a Zar, he is lashed twice (for the Ma'aser
Rishon and for Terumah) - had he eaten it without
tithing it, he would have been liable only once (for
3. Inference: (In a year of Ma'aser Sheni,) this is
only if he was in Yerushalayim - if not, he is also
lashed for Ma'aser Sheni outside Yerushalayim, even
though it was never inside!
1. Question: If so, what is the Chidush?
(c) Answer #2 (Ravina): The case is, he was inside, holding
the Ma'aser outside on a reed (like Rav Papa's question),
the Tana teaches that this is as if the Ma'aser entered
2. Answer: The case is, he brought it in and took it
out when it was still Tevel; R. Yosi holds that
tithes that were not separated are considered as if
they were separated (it is as if the Ma'aser
3. Question (R. Shimon ben Yehudah citing R. Yosi):
Beis Hillel and Beis Shamai agree that if produce
entered and left Yerushalayim before final
processing (there was no obligation to tithe it
yet), it may be redeemed;
i. They argue about produce that entered
Yerushalayim after final processing - Beis
Shamai obligate eating it in Yerushalayim, Beis
Hillel permit redeeming it.
4. Answer: Rava taught that Mid'Oraisa, Ma'aser can
only be eaten within the walls; mid'Rabanan, once
Ma'aser enters the walls, it cannot be redeemed;
ii. Summation of question: If we consider it as if
as Ma'aser was separated, why do Beis Hillel
permit redeeming it after it entered
i. Chachamim only decreed when there are walls
(and it can be eaten) - if the walls fell, it
may be redeemed.
(a) (Mishnah): One is lashed for the following:
1. Making a Korchah (uprooting hair, making a bald
patch) in his head, Hakafas ha'Rosh (cutting the
sideburns), shaving Pe'as ha'Zakan (a corner of the
beard), or scratching (and wounding) oneself out of
grief over a Mes;
(b) (Gemara - Beraisa) Suggestion: "Lo Yikrechu" - perhaps he
is liable only once for four or five bald patches!
i. If he made one scratch on account of five
Mesim, or five scratches on account of one Mes
he is lashed five times.
2. If he rounds (both) Pe'as ha'Rosh, he is lashed for
each; he is lashed for each of the five corners of
the beard, two on each side and one below (Rivan
(printed in the Gemara in place of Rashi) - one
under each sideburn, one at the bottom of each jaw,
and the chin; other Rishonim argue about their
3. R. Eliezer says, if he cut them at once (Ramah,
cited by Ritva - at the same moment; alternatively,
if he was warned only once and did not stop in
between), he is liable only once.
4. He is liable only if he shaved (the beard (Rosh,
Tosfos in other Masechtos; Rambam - or the
sideburns) with a razor;
5. R. Eliezer says, he is liable even if he cut them
with a planing tool (Rashi (Shabbos); Rambam - or
(c) Rejection "Korchah" - this obligates for every one.
(d) Question: What do we learn from "B'Rosham"?
(e) Answer: Since it says "...V'Lo Sasimu Korchah Bein
Einiechem", one might have thought that he is liable only
between the eyes - "B'Rosham" obligates for all parts of
(f) Question: "Lo Yikrechu Korchah b'Rosham" is written
regarding Kohanim, the Torah gave them extra Mitzvos -
what is the source for Yisraelim?
(g) Answer: We learn from a Gezerah Shavah "Korchah-Korchah".
(h) Question: What is the case of four or five Karachos?
1. If he did one after the other and he was warned
before each one, obviously he is lashed for every
(i) Answer #1: Rather, he was warned once.
3) THE SIZE OF A "KORCHAH"
(j) Objection: If so, he is liable only once!
1. (Mishnah): If a Nazir drank wine all day, he gets
only 40 lashes; if he was warned repeatedly, he gets
40 lashes for each warning he transgressed.
(k) Answer #2: Rather, he put Nasa (a potion that makes hair
fall out and prevents it from growing back) on his
fingers and applied it to different parts of his head at
the same time;
1. The warning applies to each application.
(a) Question: What is the size of a Korchah to be liable?
4) "PE'AS HA'ROSH" AND "PE'AS HA'ZAKAN"
(b) Answer #1 (Rav Huna): In order that the scalp is visible.
(c) Answer #2 (R. Yochanan): The area of a bean.
(d) Tana'im argue as Rav Huna and R. Yochanan do.
1. (Beraisa): The size of a Korchah to be liable is in
order that the scalp is visible;
(e) (Beraisa): One who shaves the length of a scissors blade
on Shabbos is liable.
2. Others say, the area of a bean.
3. (Rav Yehudah bar Chaviva): There is a third Tana, he
says that one is liable for two hairs;
i. Some say that the third Tana is Mechayev for
the area of a lentil.
(f) Question: How long is this?
(g) Answer (Rav Yehudah): Two hairs.
(h) Question (Beraisa): The length to be liable for regarding
Korchah is two hairs (implying that this is different
from the length of a scissors blade)!
(i) Answer: It means, the length to be liable for regarding
Korchah is also two hairs.
(j) Support (Beraisa): One who shaves the length of a
scissors blade on Shabbos is liable - this is two hairs;
(k) R. Eliezer says, he is liable for one hair.
1. Chachamim admit, one is liable for removing a single
white hair among black ones (because this is
important to him);
2. Men are forbidden to do so even on a weekday - "V'Lo
Yilbash Gever Simlas Ishah" (do not adorn yourself
like a woman). (Rambam - he is lashed even for one
hair; Ra'avad - it is forbidden only if he removes
enough to make a recognizable difference; Ritva -
our Tana holds that this is only forbidden
mid'Rabanan on account of "Simlas Ishah").
(a) (Mishnah): If he rounds Pe'as ha'Rosh...
(b) (Beraisa): Pe'as ha'Rosh is the end of the head (from the
jaws and below is not called Rosh, rather, the beard).
(c) Question: What does it mean to round the end of the head?
(d) Answer: He cuts the sideburn even with the hairlines on
the forehead and in back of the ears.
(e) (A reciter of Beraisos): The one who cuts and the one
being trimmed are both lashed.
(f) Objection (Rav Chisda): Why is the one being trimmed
lashed - he did not do anything!
1. Your teaching is like R. Yehudah, who says that one
is lashed for a Lav she'Ein Bo Ma'aseh!
(g) (Rava): It is even like Chachamim - it teaches that one
who cuts his own Pe'as is lashed twice (for each).
(h) (Rav Ashi): It is even like Chachamim - the case is, he
moves his head to help the one cutting, this is an
(i) (Mishnah): If he shaves Pe'as ha'Zakan...
(j) (Beraisa): Pe'as ha'Zakan is the end of the beard,
Shiboles ha'Zakan (the five places where it sticks out;
some explain, this refers only to the chin, it teaches
that it is considered an end).
(a) (Mishnah): If he made one scratch (on account of five
(b) (Beraisa): "V'Seret" - one might have thought, this is
even if he scratches because his house burned down or his
ship sank - "La'Nefesh", he is liable (some explain -
transgresses) only on account of a Mes.
(c) Question: What is the source that if he made five
scratches on account of a Mes he is lashed five times?
(d) Answer: "V'Seret" obligates for each one.
(e) R. Yosi: What is the source that if he made one scratch
on account of five Mesim he is lashed five times?
(f) Answer: "La'Nefesh" obligates for each Mes.
(g) Question: But we used this to exempt one who scratches on
account of monetary loss!
(h) Answer: R. Yosi holds that Seritah and Gedidah are the
same; it says "Lo Sisgodedu...La'Mes", so "La'Nefesh" is
extra to obligate for each Mes.