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Kidushin 66

KIDUSHIN 66 - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.


(a) Abaye also rules that if someone remains silent when one witness testifies that his ox was raped by a human, the witness is believed.
What are the ramifications of this ruling?

(b) Here too, he proves this from a Beraisa.
What does the Tana say in a case where either the owner admits or one witness testifies that an animal had relations with a person or killed someone?

(c) How does Abaye prove his ruling from here? How does he know that the Tana is not speaking when the owner specifically admitted?

(a) Abaye just taught us three Dinim on the same theme. Having taught us that one witness is believed in the case of ...
  1. ... 'Achalta Cheilev', why does he need to repeat it by 'Nitme'u Taharosecha'? Why can we not learn the latter from the former?
  2. ... 'Nitme'u Taharosecha', why does he need to repeat it by 'Shorcha Nirva'?
(b) According to Abaye, if a man remains silent in face of one witness, who testifies that his wife committed adultery, the witness is believed and his wife is forbidden.
What does Rava say?

(c) According to Abaye, if a man remains silent in face of one witness, who testifies that his wife committed adultery, the witness is believed and his wife is forbidden. Rava proves his ruling from the case of the blind man who used to arrange Beraisos in front of Shmuel.
Why did Shmuel send a Sheli'ach after him?

(d) The latter missed the blind man, who arrived by a different route.
What did the Sheli'ach testify upon his return?

(a) What ruling did Shmuel issue to the blind man?

(b) If he did not mean that if he trusted him like any other witness, he should divorce his wife (a proof for Rava's opinion), then what *did* he mean?

(a) Abaye proves his opinion from an episode with King Yanai.
Why did he arrange a thanksgiving party in honor of Hashem upon his return from Kuchlis in the desert?

(b) Why did he call for the Chachamim prior to the party?

(c) Who was Elazar ben Po'irah? What did he first tell Yanai?

(a) On what grounds did Yehudah ben Gedidyah challenge Yanai when he followed Elazar ben Po'irah's advice and wore the Tzitz of the Kohen Gadol?
Was he not a Kohen?

(b) Why did the Chachamim not immediately disqualify Yanai from the Kehunah?

(c) What does 'Vayibadlu Chachmei Yisrael be'Za'am' mean?

(d) What ...

  1. ... did Yanai retort when Elazar ben Po'irah advised him to kill all the Chachamim?
  2. ... should he have retorted, when he replied that one could place the Torah in a corner, and whoever wanted, could come and study it? Why did Rav Nachman accuse him of Apikorsus?
(a) What happened subsequently?

(b) The Torah-world remained desolate until Shimon ben Shetach revived it. How did he manage to escape?

(a) What did Abaye try and prove from here?

(b) How did he know that it was not a matter of 'T'rei u'T'rei' (a clash of two pairs of witnesses)?

(c) How did Rava counter Abaye's proof, establishing it even by two sets of witnesses?

(d) Alternatively, he cites Rebbi Yitzchak, who said 'Shifchah Hichnisu Tachtehah'.
What he mean by that? How does that resolve the problem of 'T'rei u'T'rei'?

Answers to questions



(a) Abaye tries to bring another proof from the Mishnah in Mikva'os. In a case of the pool of water of Diskim which had been known to contain forty Sa'ah of water, but which was one day found to be lacking. On what grounds did Rebbi Tarfon declare all the people and vessels who had Toveled there up to that moment, Tahor?

(b) What did Rebbi Akiva say?

(c) If Rebbi Tarfon compared the case to a ben Gerushah or a ben Chalutzah who was serving on the Mizbe'ach when he discovered that he was Pasul (whose Avodah the Torah validates), what did Rebbi Akiva compare it to?

(a) Rebbi Akiva took up Rebbi Tarfon's challenge as to which of the two Mikveh is more similar, and presented two similarities to a Ba'al Mum, one of them, because, unlike a ben Gerushah ... , both become Pasul via one witness.
What is the other one?

(b) How did Rebbi Tarfon react to Rebbi Akiva's explanation?

(c) How does Rava ...

  1. ... know that when Rebbi Akiva says 'Ba'al Mum Pesulo be'Yachid, he means that the man is silent, and not that he contradicts him?
  2. ... prove from here that one witness is not believed in a case of Ervah?
  3. ... explain the difference between that case and that of Mikveh? Why is one witness believed in the latter case?
(d) How does Abaye counter this proof? Why might we believe the single witness in the case of Ba'al Mum, even if the Kohen himself contradicts him?
(a) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel learn from the Pasuk in Pinchas "ve'Haysah Lo *u'le'Zar'o* Acharav"?

(b) How does ...

  1. ... Avuhah di'Shmuel learn the same thing from the Pasuk in ve'Zos ha'B'rachah "Barech Hashem *Cheilo* u'Fo'al Yadav Tirtzeh"?
  2. ... Rebbi Yanai learn it from the Pasuk in Ki Savo "u'Vasa el ha'Kohen Asher Yihyeh ba'Yamim ha'Hem"?
(c) And what does Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel learn from the Pasuk in Pinchas "Lachen Emor, Hineni Nosen Lo es B'risi Shalom"? How does he account for the fact that "Shalom" is written with a 'Vav'?

(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Emor "Ach el ha'Paroches Lo Yavo"? Why do we now need two Pesukim to disqualify a Ba'al Mum from the Avodah?

(a) Sometimes a child goes after the father, sometimes after whichever of the parents is Pasul and sometimes after the mother.
When, according to our Mishnah, does it go after...
  1. ... the father?
  2. ... whichever one is Pasul?
  3. ... the mother?
(b) According to the Tana of our Mishnah, when is the child a Mamzer?

(c) What are the examples of ...

  1. ... 'Yesh Kidushin ve'Ein Aveirah'?
  2. ... 'Ein Lah Alav Kidushin, Aval Yesh Lah al Acherim Kidushin?
  3. ... 'Ein Lah Lo Alav ve'Lo al Acherim Kidushin?
(d) Some of the examples of 'Yesh Kidushin ve'Yesh Aveirah' are Almanah le'Kohen Gadol and Gerushah and Chalutzah le'Kohen Hedyot.
What are the remaining four?
Answers to questions

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