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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Kidushin 52

KIDUSHIN 51-55 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.


(a) What does the Beraisa quoted by Tivyumi rule re. a man who arranged that one of his friend's five daughters should be betrothed to one of his own five sons, without specifying which daughter to which son?

(b) And what does each woman require in the event that one of the sons dies?

(c) Why can Rava not establish this Beraisa too, when they originally specified which daughter to which son, and forgot only afterwards?

(d) So what does this Beraisa prove?

2) In the Si'man 'Ya'al K'gam' (the acronym of the first letters of the six places in Shas where we rule like Abaye against Rava), 'Ya'al' stands for '*Yi*'ush she'Lo mi'Da'as', '*Ei*d Zomem Lemafre'a Hu Nifsal' and '*Le*chi ha'Omed me'Eilav'.
What does 'K'gam' stand for?


(a) Which two Chidushim does Rav extrapolate from the words in our Mishnah 'she'Lahen Haysah ve'shel Shevi'is Haysah'?

(b) Why might we otherwise have thought that ...

  1. ... one cannot be Mekadesh with Peiros Shevi'is?
  2. ... if a man betroths a woman with something that he stole from her, she is Mekudeshes?
(c) The third Chidush that Rav extrapolates from our Mishnah is that a woman can be a Sheli'ach on behalf of her friend even there where she will become her Tzarah.
Why might we have thought otherwise?
(a) There is a fourth Chidush which Rav was uncertain about.
What is it?

(b) What made him uncertain? Can one prove it from our Mishnah or not?

(a) What did Rebbi Yochanan say with regard to 'Gazal ve'Lo Nisya'ashu ha'Ba'alim'? Why is neither person able to declare the object Hekdesh?

(b) Then what did he mean when he expressed surprize that Rav had said 'Kidshah be'Gezel, Einah Mekudeshes'?

(a) How do we establish the Beraisa which says 'Kidshah be'Gezel, be'Chamas, u'vi'Geneivah, Mekudeshes'?

(b) How do we reconcile this with the Seifa 'O she'Chataf Sela mi'Yadah', from which we can extrapolate that the Reisha speaks in a case of Gezel de'Alma?

(c) In view of the fact that Rav rules in our Mishnah 'Einah Mekudeshes', despite the fact that the Tana is speaking about something that he stole from *her*, how do we establish the Beraisa?

Answers to questions



(a) What did that man throw to the woman who was washing her foot in a bowl of water?

(b) On what basis does a Gazlan acquire the article that he steals, according to Rebbi Shimon? What is a Gazlan (as opposed to a Ganav)?

(c) What did Rava rule ...

  1. ... (based on Rebbi Shimon's ruling) when the owner of the Zuz came to complain?
  2. ... re. that Aris who betrothed a woman with a handful of onions?
(d) How did he qualify this latter ruling? In which case would she be betrothed?
(a) What is ...
  1. ... P'ruma (or P'ruzma) de'Shichra?
  2. ... a Sirsaya?
(b) What did the owner of the beer declare when he came and discovered that the Sirsaya had betrothed a woman with P'ruma de'Shichra?

(c) What did Rava rule with re. to 'K'lach Eitzel Yafos'?

(d) Why does it not apply here?

(a) How does the Tana of the Beraisa illustrate the case of 'Chosheshin Mishum Gezel' (with re. to 'Torem she'Lo mi'Da'as Ba'al ha'Bayis)?

(b) If he did find better-quality crops, then his Terumah would be valid. In which case would his Terumah be valid even if he did not?

(a) What does the Tana of our Mishnah rule with re. to ha'Mekadesh be'Chelko? To whom is he referring?

(b) Rebbi Meir holds 'ha'Mekadesh be'Ma'aser Sheini Lo Kidesh'. Rebbi Yehudah holds ' ... be'Meizid Kidesh'.
What is their bone of contention?

(c) With re. to Hekdesh, Rebbi Meir holds 'be'Meizid Kidesh, be'Shogeg Lo Kidesh'.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(a) What does Rebbi Yossi Hagelili learn (with re. to bringing a Korban Shevu'ah for swearing on Kodshim Kalim) from the Pasuk in Vayikra "u'Ma'alah Ma'al ba'Hashem"?

(b) How do we reconcile Rebbi Yossi Hagelili with Rebbi Meir in our Mishnah, who invalidates the Kidushin in a case where a Kohen (or a Yisrael) betrothed a woman even with Kodshim Kalim?

(c) What constitutes the Kohen's portion of Kodshim Kalim?

(d) How do we support this distinction from the Lashon of the Mishnah 'ha'Mekadesh be'Chelko'?

(a) On what grounds did Rebbi Yehudah instruct his Talmidim not to allow Rebbi Meir's Talmidim into his Beis Hamedrash (after Rebbi Meir's death)?

(b) Which Talmid of Rebbi Meir managed to gain entry anyway?

(c) How did Rebbi Yehudah try to prove his point when Sumchus quoted the statement of Rebbi Meir 'ha'Mekadesh be'Chelko ... Einah Mekudeshes'?

(d) Why could Rebbi Yehudah not be speaking when the Kohen took his portion of Kodshei Kodshim into the Ezras Nashim and betrothed her there?

(a) Rebbi Yossi felt that, with Rebbi Meir no longer alive, and Rebbi Yehudah angry, he could not remain silent. He resolved Rebbi Yehudah's Kashya in two ways. Firstly, he argued, why could a woman not appoint a Sheli'ach to receive her Kidushin in the Azarah.
What was his second answer?

(b) Rebbi Yossi, like Rebbi Meir in our Mishnah argues with Rebbi Yehudah and holds 'ha'Mekadesh be'Chelko, Einah Mekudeshes. Rebbi Yochanan ascribes both opinions to the same Pasuk in Korach "ve'Zeh Yihyeh Lecha mi'Kodesh ha'Kodashim min ha'Eish".
How does ...

  1. ... Rebbi Yehudah learn from there that 'ha'Mekadesh be'Chelko Mekudeshes'?
  2. ... Rebbi Yossi learn from there ' ... Einah Mekudeshes'?
Answers to questions

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