(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Kidushin 40

KIDUSHIN 36-40 - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.


(a) What does the Tana say about someone who is faced with an immoral act and overcomes the temptation?

(b) What did Rebbi Tzadok tell the Roman aristocratic woman who accosted him, when she ...

  1. ... offered him forbidden food to still his hunger?
  2. ... asked him why he climbed into the oven that she had lit to heat up his food?
(c) What did the woman declare?

(d) What was Rav Kahana's profession? What did he do when he was accosted in the same way?

(a) What did Rav Kahana reply when Eliyahu, who caught him as he was falling, complained of having to travel four hundred Parsah to save him?

(b) How did Eliyahu respond?

(c) In connection with the Mishnah in Pe'ah 'Eilu Devarim she'Adam Ochel Peirosehem ba'Olam ha'Zeh', what does Rava learn from ...

  1. ... the Pasuk in Va'eschanan "Lema'an Ya'arichun Yamecha u'Lema'an Yitav Lach"?
  2. ... the Pasuk in Tehilim "Rodef Tzedakah va'Chesed, Yimtza Chayim, Tzedakah ve'Chavod"?
  3. ... the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Rodef (Tzedakah va'Chesed)" "Rodef" (Bakeish Shalom ve'Radfeihu")?
(d) And what do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayeilech "Ki Hu Chayecha ve'Orech Yamecha"?
(a) Rava asked Rav Nachman about a Mitzvah that one would one have expected to have found in the Mishnah of 'Eilu Devarim she'Odam Ochel ... '.
Which Mitzvah?

(b) On what grounds do we refute the suggestion 'Tana ve'Shayer' (that the Tana deliberately omits some cases)?

(c) Then why *did* he omit Shilu'ach ha'Ken from the Mishnah?

(a) What did Rav Idi extrapolate from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Imru Tzadik Ki Tov, Ki P'ri Ma'aleleihem Yocheilu"? (what is a Tzadik Tov (as opposed to a Tdadik she'Eino Tov)?

(b) And by the same token, what does Yeshayah mean, when he writes "Oy la'Rasha Ra"? What is a Rasha Ra (as opposed to a Rasha she'Eino Ra)?

(c) A Mitzvah receives payment of the principle and of the Peyros.
How about an Aveirah?

(d) On what basis do Mitzvos have an advantage over Aveiros (see Agados Maharsha)?

(a) In the Pasuk "Az Nidberu Yir'ei Hashem ... u'le'Choshvei Sh'mo", which important principle does Rav Asi learn from "u'le'Choshvei Sh'mo"?

(b) Does this principle extend to someone who intends to perform an Aveirah?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... in Yirmiyah "Hineni Meivi el ha'Am ha'Zeh Ra'ah P'ri Machshevosam"?
  2. ... in Yechezkel "Lema'an Tafos es Beis Yisrael be'Libam"? What did Mar quoting Rav Acha bar Ya'akov say about someone who denounces Avodah-Zarah?
(d) Ula establishes the Pasuk like Rav Huna.
What did Rav Huna say? How do we amend his statement 'Hutrah Lo'?
(a) According to Rebbi Avahu Amar Rebbi Chanina, what should a person rather do than than cause a Chilul Hashem (even if no actual sin is involved)?

(b) According to Rebbi Ila'i ha'Zakein, what should a person do if he feels that his Yetzer ha'Ra is about to get the better of him?

(c) What is the reason for this?

(d) Why should he wear black?

(a) The Beraisa says that someone who does not have pity on the honor of his Creator would have been better off not to have been created.
This might refer to someone who looks at a rainbow. What else might it refer to?

(b) How do we reconcile the Tana of this Beraisa - who totally rejects the concept of sinning in secret, with Rebbi Ila'i ha'Zakein, who makes certain concessions to avoid Chilul Hashem?

(c) What is the difference between Shogeg and Meizid when it comes to Chilul Hashem?

(d) Mar Zutra and Mar B'rei de'Ravana argue over the explanation of 'Ein Makifin be'Chilul Hashem'.
What does ...

  1. ... the former mean when he explains 'Ein Osin ke'Chenvani'?
  2. ... the latter mean when he explains 'she'Im Haysah Shekulah, Machra'as'?
Answers to questions



(a) What advice does the Tana of the Beraisa give a person that, on the one hand hand, will cause him to go for Mitzvos, and on the other, to avoid Aveiros?

(b) What added responsibility does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon place on one's shoulders to achieve the same result? On what principle is this based?

(c) How does Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai interpret the Pasuk in Yechezkel ...

  1. ... "Tzidkas ha'Tzadik Lo Satzilenu be'Yom Ra'ah"?
  2. ... "ve'Rish'as ha'Rasha Lo Yikashel bah be'Yom Shuvo me'Rish'o"?
(d) On what basis does the Tzadik lose all his previous merits? At worst, his scales ought to be considered evenly balanced?
(a) What does the Tana learn from the Pasuk in Koheles "ve'ha'Chut ha'Meshulash Lo bi'Meheirah Yinatek"?

(b) And how does he describe someone who does none of these?

(a) What does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok in a Beraisa say about the Tzadikim in this world? How does Hashem treat them?

(b) What parable does he present to illustrate this? What does the cutting of the branch signify?

(c) And how does he illustrate Hashem's treatment of the Resha'im? What does the cutting of the branch signify there?

(a) What She'eilah was asked of Rebbi Tarfon and the Zekeinim as they were sitting in the attic in Beis Nitzeh in Lud?

(b) Rebbi Tarfon gave preference to good deeds.
What did Rebbi Akiva say?

(c) On what grounds did all the other Chachamim present rule like Rebbi Akiva?

(a) According to Rebbi Yossi, learning Torah is greater because it preceded the various Mitzvos that took effect only after entering Eretz Yisrael.
By how many years did Matan Torah precede ...
  1. ... Chalah?
  2. ... Terumos and Ma'asros?
  3. ... Sh'mitah?
  4. ... Yovel?
(b) Why does Rebbi Yossi say that the Torah preceded Yovel by a hundred and three years, and not a hundred and four (bearing in mind that Yovel took place in the forty-third year after the first Sh'mitah, and not the forty-second)?

(c) We just concluded that Torah-study precedes the performance of Mitzvos. It also precedes them in other regards too.
What for example, based on the dictum 'Ein Mayim Ela Torah', did Rebbi Chanina learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Poter Mayim, Reishis Madon"?

(d) In what other area, based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "Vayiten Lahem Artzos Goyim ... Ba'avur Yishmeru Chukav" does Torah study come first?

(a) We learned that someone who does not engage in the study of Torah (T'nach) and Mishnah, or in earning a living in an honest way, is a useless member of society.
What Halachic ramifications does Rebbi Yochanan add to this?

(b) According to the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, someone who eats in the main street is comparable to a dog.
What does Yesh Omrim say?

(c) What is the common reason of Rebbi Yochanan and Yesh Omrim?

(d) According to bar Kapara, an angry person gains nothing but the after effects of his anger.
What does he say about ...

  1. ... a person with good Midos (Agados Maharsha)?
  2. ... someone who does not engage in the study of Torah (T'nach) and Mishnah, or in earning a living in an honest way (based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "u've'Moshav Leitzim Lo Yashav"?
Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,