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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Kidushin 39

KIDUSHIN 36-40 - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.


(a) What did Levi mean when he said to Aryoch 'Safek Li va'Ana Eichol'? Who was 'Aryoch'?

(b) What did Rav Ivya and Rabah bar Rav Chanan used to do?

(c) Rebbi Yochanan was most unhappy about a statement made by Charifi de'Pumbedisa (Eifah and Avimi, sons of Rachbah of Pumbedisa).
What did they say about Orlah in Chutz la'Aretz?

(d) What did Rebbi Yochanan say to Rav Yehudah about ...

  1. ... Safek Orlah?
  2. ... Vaday Orlah?
  3. ... anyone who declares that there is no Orlah in Chutz la'Aretz?
(a) What did Rebbi Yochanan tell Rav Yehudah about ...
  1. ... Vaday Orlah in Chutz la'Aretz?
  2. ... Safek Orlah in Chutz la'Aretz?
(b) The Chirifi of Pumbedisa based their opinion on a quotation by Rebbi Eliezer.
What does Rebbi Eliezer say about Orlah in Chutz la'Aretz?

(c) What is the problem with this from Rebbi Eliezer in our Mishnah, who said 'Af ha'Kil'ayim'?

(d) How do we amend Rebbi Eliezer's statement (see also Tosfos DH 'T'ni')?

(a) Rebbi Asi Amar Rebbi Yochanan disagrees with the Chirifi of Pumbedisa. What does he say about Orlah in Chutz la'Aretz?

(b) What problem does Rebbi Zeira have with this from the Mishnah in Orlah 'Safek Orlah ... be'Surya Mutar'?

(c) How does Rebbi Asi reconcile Rebbi Yochanan with the Mishnah in Orlah?

(a) Rebbi Asi Amar Rebbi Yochanan also stated 'Lokin al ha'Kil'ayim Divrei Torah'. Rebbi Elazar asked him from the Mishnah in Orlah, which presents Kil'ayim as 'mi'Divrei Sofrim'.
What did Rebbi Asi reply?

(b) He connects this with a statement of Shmuel, who learns a Hekesh from the Pasuk in Kedoshim "es Chukosai Tishmoru; Behemtecha Lo Sarbi'a Kil'ayim, Sadcha Lo Sizra Kil'ayim".
In which two regards does Shmuel learn Sadeh from Beheimah?

(c) And what does he learn from "es Chukosai Tishmoru"?

(d) What does the word "Sadcha" (implying specifically Eretz Yisrael) then come to preclude?

(a) Rav Chanan (or Rav Nachman) and Rav Anan were traveling together when they saw a man sowing K'lai Zera'im.
Why did Rav Chanan (Rav Nachman) decline ...
  1. ... to put him in Cherem, at Rav Anan's suggestion?
  2. ... to place in Cherem someone who was sowing wheat and barley in a vineyard?
(b) Based on Rebbi Yashiyah, what did Rav Yosef used to do?

(c) On what grounds did Abaye query him?

(d) Rav Yosef established the Mishnah in Orlah by K'lai ha'Kerem, whereas he had planted K'lai Zera'im.
What is the basis for such a distinction?

(a) Why did Rav used to plant rows of vegetables?

(b) What was Rav Yosef trying to prove when he subsequently cited this?

(c) On what grounds did Abaye refute Rav Yosef's proof? Why can it not have been because of Kil'ayim that Rav planted the vegetables in this way?

(d) He may therefore have planted them like that for aesthetic reasons.
Why else may he have done so?

Answers to questions



(a) What three things does a person who performs a Mitzvah merit (according to the initial interpretation of our Mishnah)?

(b) What happens to someone who does not perform a Mitzvah, according to the Tana?

(a) What does the Mishnah in Pe'ah say about Kibud Av va'Eim, Gemilus Chasadim, Hachnasas Orchim and Hava'as Shalom Bein Adam la'Chaveiro? What do they all have in common?

(b) The Tana also includes Torah-study in this list.
In which way is the Mitzvah of Torah-study different than all the others?

(c) What problem does the Mishnah in Pe'ah pose on our Mishnah?

(d) According to Rav Yehudah, our Mishnah is speaking when a person performed one Mitzvah more than his sins.
Does this mean that the Mishnah in Pe'ah speaks when one of the Mitzvos listed is the only Mitzvah that he ever performed?

(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa mean when he says about someone who has more Mitzvos than Aveiros 'Meri'in Lo, ve'Domeh K'mi she'Saraf Kol ha'Torah Kulah ... ' and vice-versa?

(b) What does Abaye mean, when, in order to reconcile this with our Mishnah, he explains our Mishnah 'de'Mesaknin Lo Yom-Tov ve'Yom Bish'?

(c) Rava understands our Mishnah as we did originally. But he establishes the Mishnah in Pe'ah like Rebbi Ya'akov.
What does Rebbi Ya'akov say about the reward for Mitzvos?

(d) On what does Rebbi Ya'akov base his theory?

(a) Rebbi Ya'akov knows that this can happen, because he actually witnessed such an incident.
How did he know that the son did not fall off the ladder on account of ...
  1. ... sinful thoughts?
  2. ... idolatrous thoughts (for which one is punishable)?
(b) Why did the Mitzvah not shield the son from harm at least as long as he was performing it?

(c) Neither can we answer this by establishing the case when he fell as he was descending the ladder, having already concluded the Mitzvah, because of Rebbi Elazar.
What did Rebbi Elazar say?

(d) From whom do we learn the principle 'Sheluchei Mitzvah Einan Nizokin'?

(a) Some say that Acher (Elisha ben Avuyah) left the path of Torah because of a similar incident to the one that Rebbi Ya'akov witnessed.
What do others say?

(b) What did Rav Yosef comment about Acher? What was Acher to Rebbi Ya'akov?

(a) How did Rava reconcile our Mishnah, which requires a positive act ('Kol ha'Oseh Mitzvah ... ') with the Mishnah in Makos, which prescribes reward for every sin that a person does not perform, when Rav Tuvi bar Rav Kisna pointed out the discrepancy?

(b) What did Rebbi Chanina bar Papi do when ...

  1. ... an aristocratic Roman woman accosted him?
  2. ... she followed suite by curing him?
(c) How did he manage to survive the night there?

(d) What did the Rabbanan comment when Rebbi Chanina bar Papi told them this?

Answers to questions

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