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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Kidushin 38

KIDUSHIN 36-40 - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.


(a) When did Yisrael eat from the new crops of Eretz Yisrael for the first time?

(b) What does the Torah mean when it records that Yisrael ate the Manna until they reached *the edge of Eretz Cana'an*?

(c) How do we reconcile this Pasuk with the Pasuk which says that they ate the Manna until they reached "the inhabited land"?

(a) What is the problem with the Pasuk which states that they ate the Manna for forty years?

(b) How does the Tana of this Beraisa resolve this problem?

(a) Given that Yisrael crossed the Jordan River on the tenth of Nisan, how can we prove that Moshe died on the seventh of Adar?

(b) And from where do we know that he was also born on the seventh of Adar?

(c) Which other Pasuk (in Mishpatim) teaches us the same thing?

(a) Rebbi Shimon in a Beraisa lists three Mitzvos that came into existence when Yisrael entered Eretz Yisrael.
Which three?

(b) Why were they not applicable earlier?

(c) If *Chadash* came into existence then, then it is obvious that the remaining two should come into existence too.
Why is it obvious? How many stringencies does ...

  1. ... Kil'ayim have over Chadash?
  2. ... Orlah have over Chadash?
(d) Which of the three Chumros applies to Kil'ayim, but not to Orlah?
(a) Which two Chumros are common to both Kil'ayim and Orlah over Chadash?

(b) What distinction does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon make between Mitzvos that Yisrael were commanded to observe even before they arrived in Eretz Yisrael and those that were commanded to observe only afterwards?

(c) Which are the only two Mitzvos, according to him, that apply even in Chutz la'Aretz, even though they were commanded to observe only after they entered Eretz Yisrael?

(d) What problem do we have with Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon's classification of the cancellation of debts?

Answers to questions



(a) We establish Rebbi Elazar be'Rebbi Shimon, who classifies the cancellation of debts together with the Mitzvos that were commanded after they entered the Land, like Rebbi.
What does Rebbi learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "ve'Zeh D'var ha'Shemitah, Shamot"?

(b) How does this explain Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon?

(c) What does Rebbi learn from the extra phrase there "Ki Kara Sh'mitah la'Hashem"?

(a) The releasing of Jewish servants, like the cancellation of debts, is a personal obligation, which has nothing to do with land.
On what grounds does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon then classify it together with the Mitzvos that were commanded after they entered the Land?

(b) What does he in fact, learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... "Yovel Hi"?
  2. ... "u'Kerasem D'ror *ba'Aretz*"?
(a) The Mishnah in Orlah writes 'ha'Chadash Asur min ha'Torah be'Chol Makom, Orlah Halachah, ve'ha'Kil'ayim mi'Divrei Sofrim'.
How does this Tana interpret "Moshvos"?

(b) Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel interprets 'Orlah Halachah' as 'Halachos Medinah'.
What does he mean?

(c) How does Ula Amar Rebbi Yochanan interpret it?

(a) The Tana in Orlah forbids Safek Orlah in Eretz Yisrael. What might Safek Orlah mean, besides a Safek whether a particular tree is three years old or more?

(b) Safek Orlah in Syria, he says, is permitted.
Seeing as David ha'Melech captured Syria, why is it not considered part of Eretz Yisrael?

(c) What does the Tana say about Safek Orlah in Chutz la'Aretz?

(a) The Tana there forbids buying from someone who is selling vegetables outside a vineyard in Eretz Yisrael, if vegetables were growing in the vineyard (a contravention of the laws of Kil'ayim).
What does he say about the same case in ...
  1. ... Syria?
  2. ... Chutz la'Aretz?
(b) Ula asked Rav Yehudah, that, according to his opinion, that Orlah in Chutz la'Aretz is only Asur mi'de'Rabbanan, why is the Tana in Orlah more stringent re. Orlah (forbidding him to buy from a Nochri who picked the Kil'ayim in front of him) than he is re. Kil'ayim (where he permits it). Why is this not a problem according to Ula himself?

(c)What did Rav Yehudah reply?

(d) Which of the two possibilities did Mar B'rei de'Ravana adopt?

Answers to questions

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