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Kidushin 22

KIDUSHIN 22 (7 Sivan) - L'Iluy Nishmas Mrs. Grune Fradl bas ha'Rav Shmuel David Levinson (who passed away on 7 Sivan 5753), a true 'Isha Yir'as Hashem.' Dedicated by her son.


(a) What do we learn from the double Lashon "ve'Im *Amor Yomar* ha'Eved" (Mishpatim)?

(b) And what do we learn in this regard from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... "Lo Eitzei Chofshi"?
  2. ... "Im Amor Yomar *ha'Eved*"?
(c) According to our initial understanding of 'T'chilas Sheish' and 'Sof Sheish', what is the problem with ...
  1. ... the 'Havah Amina', that it will suffice to say ' ... Lo Eitzei Chofshi' twice at the beginning of the six-year period?
  2. ... saying that it will not do to say it at the end of six years because he must say it whilst he is still an Eved?
(d) So how must we interpret 'T'chilas Sheish' and 'Sof Sheish' really mean?
2) How many times and when must the Eved then say 'Lo Eitzei Chofshi' (see Rashash)?


(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei ...
  1. ... "Ki Aheivcha *ve'es Beisecha*"?
  2. ... "Ahavti ... es Ishti ve'es Banai"?
(b) And what does he learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... "Ki Tov Lo Imach"?
  2. ... "Ki Aheivcha"?
(c) Which other mutual condition must be met for the Eved Ivri to be permitted to stay on?

(d) Rav Bibi bar Abaye's She'eilah on this matter remains unanswered. Based on the contrasting implications of "Imach" on the one hand, and "Ki Tov Lo Imach" on the other, what is his She'eilah?

(a) How does Rebbi Shimon explain the Pasuk in Behar "ve'Yatza me'Imach, Hu u'Vanav Imo"? Does this mean that an Eved Ivri's children are obligated to work too?

(b) And he makes the same observation regarding the Pasuk "ve'Yatz'ah Ishto Imo".
Having taught this by ...

  1. ... the man's children, why did the Torah find it necessary to repeat it by his wife?
  2. ... the man's wife, why did the Torah find it necessary to repeat it by his children?
Answers to questions



(a) The Torah writes "ve'Higisho el ha'Deles".
What would we have though had the Torah written "ve'Higish Ozno ba'Deles"?

(b) Why could we not have thought that he pierces the door but not the Eved's ear?

(c) What does the master actually do?

(d) How do we know that the door must be standing and not lying down?

6) Raban Yochanan ben Zakai and Rebbi Shimon b'Rebbi Darshened the Pasuk in Mishpatim like a spice or jewel-holder (that was hung around the neck).
What did ...
  1. ... Raban Yochanan ben Zakai based on the Pasuk in Behar "Ki Li B'nei Yisrael Avadim" Darshen (regarding the piercing of the ear)?
  2. ... Rebbi Shimon b'Rebbi, based on the same Pasuk, Darshen (regarding the door and the door-post's being designated by the Torah for the ear to be pierced)?
(a) An Eved Cana'ani is acquired with "Kesef, Sh'tar and Chazakah (like Karka).
In which two possible ways can he acquire himself, according to the Tana of our Mishnah?

(b) Rebbi Meir says 'be'Kesef al-Yedei Acheirim, u'vi'Sh'tar al-Yedei Atzmo'.
Why can he not pay the money that sets him free, himself?

(c) The Rabbanan say 'be'Kesef al-Yedei Atzmo u'vi'Sh'Tar al-Yedei Acheirim'.
On what condition do they permit him to hand the money to his master himself?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Behar (in connection with Avadim Cana'anim) "ve'Hisnachaltem Osam li'Veneichem Achareichem Lareshes Achuzah"?

(b) In that case, from where do we learn that one is not obligated to return them in the Yovel (like Karka)?

(c) The Tana of the Beraisa includes Chalipin in the list of Kinyanim with which one can acquire an Eved Cana'ani.
On what grounds did the Tana of our Mishnah omit it?

(d) Shmuel includes Meshichah in the above list.
What distinction does he make between pulling the Eved by force and calling him?

(a) The Tana of our Mishnah omitted Meshichah for the same reason as he omitted Chalipin.
But, according to Shmuel, why does the Tana of the Beraisa, who inserted Chalipin in the list, nevertheless omit Meshichah?

(b) How does one acquire an animal through ...

  1. ... Mesirah? Is the Kinyan valid if the owner handed him the saddle, the load on the animal's back or the bit in its mouth?
  2. ... Meshichah? Which two descriptions does the Tana give to illustrate how it is done?
(c) According to the Tana Kama, as soon as the animal has lifted up both its forelegs and its hind legs, the buyer acquires it.
What does Rebbi Asi (or Rebbi Acha) say?

(d) Seeing as calling an animal is a branch of Meshichah regarding animals, why does Shmuel not consider it as such regarding Avadim? Are there any exceptions to this rule?

(a) The Tana Kama in the Beraisa lists the various ways in which Chazakah acquires an Eved Cana'ani.
What does he include in his list besides untying his new master's shoes, taking his fresh clothes to the bathhouse, undressing him, bathing him and picking him up?

(b) What does Rebbi Shimon mean when, he says that Chazakah should not be better than Hagbahah? In which point does he disagree with the Tana Kama?

(c) On what grounds ...

  1. ... do we refute the suggestion that seeing as when the Eved picks up his master, he acquires him, a man should then acquire a Shifchah Cana'anis through Bi'ah?
  2. ... does Rav Achye bar Adye from Acha refute the suggestion that in that case, he ought to at least to acquire her through an unnatural Bi'ah even assuming that she derives no pleasure from such a relationship?
(a) Mar Zutra went to visit Rebbi Yehudah Hindu'ah.
Who was Rebbi Yehudah Hindu'ah? Why did Mar Zutra honor him with a visit?

(b) What did Mar Zutra do to ensure that he would acquire Eved Cana'ani when he died?

(c) Some say that the Eved was a Gadol.
Why did this necessitate Mar Zutra doing what he did?

(d) Others say that he was a Katan.
Why must we then say that Mar Zutra does not hold like Aba Shaul? What does he say?

Answers to questions

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