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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Kidushin 20


(a) One Beraisa states 'Mochrah le'Aviv, ve'Ein Mochrah li'V'no'.
What does the second Beraisa say?

(b) Who is the author of the second Beraisa, Rebbi Eliezer or the Rabbanan?

(c) How do we reconcile the second Beraisa too, with the Rabbanan?

(a) What does the Tana Kama of the Beraisa mean when, commenting on the Pasuk in Mishpatim "Im be'Gapo Yavo, be'Gapo Yeitzei", he says 'be'Gufo Nichnas, be'Gufo Yeitzei'?

(b) Why do we not already know this from the Pasuk "Lo Seitzei ke'Tzeis ha'Avadim"?

(c) How does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov explain the Pasuk?

(a) With regard to a Nimkar le'Akum whose value changed during his years of service, what do we learn from the Pasuk in Behar ...
  1. ... "mi'Kesef Miknaso?
  2. ... "K'fi Shanav"?
(b) We learn from "Sachir" "Sachir" that the same applies to a Nimkar le'Yisrael.
Why might we have thought otherwise? Why would we not learn the latter from the former with a 'Binyan Av'?

(c) When Abaye was in particularly high spirits, he would claim to be like ben Azai in the main streets of Teverya.
What did he mean by that?

(d) A certain Talmid-Chacham, who had a problem with the two previous D'rashos, took him up on that.
What does he ask him?

(a) Abaye answered him from a Beraisa which discusses the Pasuk in Re'ei "Ki Tov Lo Imach".
What does the Tana extrapolate from there?

(b) On what grounds does he conclude 'Kol ha'Koneh Eved Ivri, ke'Koneh Adon le'Atzmo' (see Tosfos).

(c) On what grounds do we refute Abaye's proof? Why might we not be quite so easy on the Eved Ivri when it comes to his redemption?

(d) What does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina in a Beraisa say about Avkah shel Shevi'is? What is 'Avkah shel Shevi'is'?

(a) Based on the sequence of Pesukim in Behar, what punishment follows having to sell ...
  1. ... one's movables, should he not do Teshuvah?
  2. ... one's fields?
(b) We attribute the change from 'Lo Hirgish', the first two times, to 'Lo Ba'as le'Yado' the third time, to a statement by Rav Huna.
What is the difference between the two expressions?

(c) What did Rav Huna say?

(d) What is the initial text of Rav Huna? What is startling about it?

(a) The next punishment listed in the Pasuk is that of being forced to borrow on interest.
Why does the Tana (note, that Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina was actually an Amora) first add the case of selling his daughter?
Why would this be the logical sequence?

(b) The final set of punishments deal with various cases of a man selling himself.
How many such cases are there? What does "le'Eiker" mean?

(c) What does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina mean when he says 'Nimkar la'Avodas Kochavim'?

(d) In any event, we see that the Nimkar le'Akum is the result of his sins. In that case, how does Abaye try to reestablish his explanation (that we should be lenient with regard to his redemption price, like we are lenient with him regarding food and drink)?

Answers to questions



(a) On what grounds do we query Rava's comparison to Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael?

(b) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak (or Rav Nachman, see Maharshal) finally explains the Tana who is lenient with the Eved Ivri regarding his redemption, based on the two Pesukim "Im Od Rabos ba'Shanim ... mi'Kesef Miknaso. ve'Im Me'at Nish'ar ba'Shanim ... K'fi Shanav".
How does he explain these Pesukim?

(c) On what grounds do we reject ...

  1. ... the simple meaning of the Pasuk? What is the simple meaning of the Pasuk?
  2. ... the suggestion that if the majority of years remain, then he pays "mi'Kesef Miknaso", whereas if only a minority of years remain, he pays "K'fi Shanav"?
(d) What did Rav Yosef declare about Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak (or Rav Nachman)?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Behar (in connection with a S'dei Achuzah) "u'Matza K'dei Ge'ulaso"?

(b) Rav Huna bar Chinena asked Rav Sheishes whether the same will apply to a Nimkar le'Akum from "Ge'ulaso" "Ge'ulaso".
What is the alternative?

(c) Rav Sheishes replied with the Pasuk "ve'Nimkar bi'Geneivaso".
What did he extrapolate from there?

(d) Did Abaye accept Rav Sheishes ruling?

(a) Assuming that he can be redeemed, says Abaye, that can lead to a Kula and a Chumra.
Which case is le'Kula?

(b) What problem does this create with our previous D'rashah from "mi'Kesef Miknaso"?

(c) How do we reestablish Abaye's case of le'Kula to resolve this problem"?

(d) The case le'Chumra according to Abaye, opens when he was sold for two hundred Zuz.
What is the full case?

(a) For how long can someone who sells a house in a walled city redeem it?

(b) Rav Huna bar Chinena asked Rav Sheishes whether we learn "Ge'ulaso" "Ge'ulaso" from S'dei Achuzah that someone who sells a house in a walled city cannot redeem it in parts.
What is the other side of the She'eilah?

(c) Rav Sheishes replied with a D'rashah of Rebbi Shimon.
Which two Dinim did Rebbi Shimon learn from the Pasuk in Behar (in connection with selling a house in a walled city) "Im Ga'ol Yig'al"?

(d) What reasoning (derived from the differences between someone who sells a S'dei Achuzah and someone who declares it Hekdesh) lies behind this Halachah?

11) If someone sells a S'dei Achuzah, it returns to him in the Yovel, but he cannot redeem it in halves.
According to Rebbi Shimon, what is the equivalent Din in the case of ...
  1. ... someone who declares a S'dei Achuzah Hekdesh?
  2. ... someone who sells a house in a walled city?
(a) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Behar (written in connection with declaring Hekdesh a S'dei Achuzah) "Im Ga'ol Yig'al"?

(b) Based on a 'Kal va'Chomer' from someone who *sells* a S'dei Achuzah, what, according to this Tana, would we otherwise have said?

(c) What Pircha does the Tana ask on the 'Kal va'Chomer'? What other disadvantage does someone who *sells* a S'dei Achuzah have, as compared to someone who *declares it Hekdesh*?

(d) How does he counter this Pircha from the Din by someone who sells a house in a walled city (reinstating the need for the Pasuk "Im Ga'ol Yig'al", and at the same time posing a Kashya on Rav Sheishes, who quoted Rebbi Shimon as saying that one can redeem it in halves)?

13) To answer the Kashya on Rav Sheishes, we establish the author of the Beraisa as the Rabbanan (whereas Rav Sheishes stated his ruling strictly according to Rebbi Shimon).
What is the basis of their Machlokes?

Answers to questions

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