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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Kidushin 3

KIDUSHIN 2-4 - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.


(a) We learned in a Mishnah in Bikurim that an Esrog tree has the Din of a regular tree in three ways, two of them are Orlah and Neta Revai.
What is the third?

(b) Which stage determines the years in all these areas of Halachah?

(c) In which regard is the Esrog tree compared to a vegetable? What are the ramifications of this Halachah?

(a) Initially, we explain the Tana's use of 'Sheloshah Derachim' (rather than 'Devarim') to the fact that in the Seifa, he concludes 'u'le'Yerek be'Derech Echad'. That itself requires elaboration.
Why does he not say there 'u'le'Yerek be Davar Echad'?

(b) What determines the year of Ma'aser regarding wheat and wine?

(c) Vegetables are determined by when they are picked, because 'Darkan Ligadel al Kol Mayim', and wheat and wine, by the previous year, because 'Darkan Ligadel al Rov Mayim'.
What is the meaning of ...

  1. ... 'Darkan Ligadel al Kol Mayim'?
  2. ... 'Darkan Ligadel al Rov Mayim'?
(d) What is the source for the obligation to Ma'aser fruit-trees?
(a) The Mishnah in Bikurim discusses the comparisons and differences between a Koy and other animals.
What is a 'Koy'?

(b) In what way does a Koy have the Din of ...

  1. ... a Chayah?
  2. ... a Beheimah?
  3. ... both a Beheimah and a Chayah?
  4. ... neither?
(c) What problem does the Lashon of this Mishnah create with what we learned earlier to explain the Lashon 'Derachim'?

(d) We ask the same Kashya from the Mishnah in Gitin 'Zu Achas min ha'Derachim she'Shavu Gitei Nashim le'Shichrurei Avadim'.
What is the Tana there referring to?

(a) Then what does finally determine the Tana's use of the word 'Derachim' as opposed to 'Devarim'?

(b) We prove this from Rebbi Eliezer in the Mishnah in Bikurim.
What does Rebbi Eliezer say?

(c) What does the Tana then preclude (by virtue of the use of the word 'Derachim') with regard to ...

  1. ... Kidushin? With what can one not acquire a woman?
  2. ... Zav? Which O'nes will not negate the Zivus?
  3. ... Get? In which regard do we not compare a Sh'tar Shichrur to a Get?
(d) What is the basis for the distinction between Get and Sh'tar Shichrur in the previous case?
(a) The number ('Sheloshah Derachim') in the Reisha of our Mishnah comes to preclude Chupah, as we just learned.
What does Rav Huna say about Chupah?

(b) How will Rav Huna therefore explain the number in our Mishnah?

(c) What is 'Chalipin'?

(d) Why would we otherwise have thought that one can acquire a woman with Chalipin?

(a) Why in fact, can a woman not be acquired with Chalipin?

(b) Will a man acquire a woman if he acquires her with Chalipin using an object that is worth a P'rutah?

Answers to questions



(a) What does the number in the Seifa ('ve'Konah es Atzmah bi'Sh'tei Derachim') come to preclude? In which way can a woman not acquire herself?

(b) Why would we have thought that a woman can acquire herself with Chalitzah? From where would we have learned a 'Kal va'Chomer'?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "ve'Kasav Lah Sefer K'risus"?

(a) We ask both for the source of Kidushei Kesef generally and for the source of Kidushei Kesef of a girl who is betrothed by her father.
What third source are we seeking?

(b) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav extrapolate from the Pasuk in Mishpatim (concerning a Jewish maidservant going free when she becomes a Na'arah) "ve'Yatz'ah Chinam *Ein Kesef*"?

(c) The Torah does not write "Ein *Lo* Kesef", so from where do we know that the money goes to her father (and not to herself)?

(d) Why do we then need to quote the Pasuk in Matos "bi'Ne'urehah Beis Avihah"? What do we initially learn from there?

(a) From where do we know that a father has the right to effect the Kidushin of his daughter?

(b) Seeing as the Pasuk is speaking about a Na'arah, what makes us initially restrict the Halachah of a father receiving his daughter's Kidushin to a Ketanah?

(a) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav we learn from the superfluous word in Mishpatim "ve'Chi Yimkor Ish es Bito *le'Amah*"?

(b) Why must this Pasuk be speaking about a Ketanah?

(c) Then how can we learn from there that a father acquires the Ma'aseh Yadehah of a Na'arah, too?

(a) How does the previous D'rashah ("ve'Chi Yimkor Ish ... ") dispense with our D'rashah from "bi'Ne'urehah Beis Avihah"?

(b) So what *do* we learn from there?

(c) Nevertheless, now that a father has the rights to annul the Nedarim of his daughter when she is a Na'arah, why can we not learn from there that he also receives the money of her Kidushin?

(d) Why can we learn it from ...

  1. ... K'nas (the fifty Shekel that the father receives from the man who raped his daughter)?
  2. ... Boshes u'P'gam (which the rapist has to pay in addition)? What is 'P'gam'?
Answers to questions

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