POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Kidushin 36
KIDUSHIN 36-40 - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) MAY A WOMAN TEAR HER HAIR?
(a) (Beraisa - Isi): Women are exempt from tearing out their
hair (in grief over a Mes).
2) CHILDREN TO HASH-M
1. Isi expounds "You are sons to Hash-m...do not
scratch yourselves or make a bald spot on account of
a Mes, for you are a holy nation" - sons are
commanded, not daughters.
(b) Question: Perhaps women are excluded from scratching, but
they are commanded about a bald spot!
(c) Answer: "You are a holy nation to Hash-m" - this includes
women (that they are forbidden to scratch themselves).
(d) Question: Perhaps "nation" forbids women to make a bald
spot, and "Banim" permits women to scratch themselves!
(e) Answer #1: It is more reasonable to say that women are
commanded regarding scratching, for this applies in all
places, whether or not hair grows there;
1. Making a bald spot only applies where hair grows.
(f) Answer #2 (Abaye): Isi learns a Gezeirah Shavah
"Karachah-Karachah" from the prohibition for Kohanim to
2. Suggestion: Perhaps we expound "Sons" - not
daughters - to apply both to scratching and to
tearing out hair!
i. "You are a holy nation to Hash-m" - would
include women that they may not scratch
themselves with an instrument.
3. Rejection: Isi holds that there is no distinction
between scratching by hand or with a tool.
1. Just as that does not apply to women (it says, "the
sons of Aharon"), also the prohibition of Yisraelim
to tear hair.
(g) Answer #3 (Rava): Isi learns a Gezeirah Shavah "Bein
Eineichem" from Tefilin.
2. Question: If "the sons of Aharon" also applies to
tearing hair (to exclude female Kohanim), there is
no need for the Gezeirah Shavah!
i. The Torah gave extra Mitzvos to Kohanim, yet
female Kohanim are not forbidden to tear hair -
all the more so, the prohibition for Yisraelim
to tear hair does not apply to women!
3. Answer: We would have said that "the sons of Aharon"
does not apply to tearing hair, for there is an
interruption - we only know that this is not so
because of the Gezeirah Shavah. (If female Kohanim
were forbidden to tear hair, the Gezeirah Shavah
would not teach anything!)
4. Question: The Gezeirah Shavah could teach as the
following Beraisa! ("The sons of Aharon" would not
apply to tearing hair.)
i. (Beraisa): "They will not uproot hair" - one
might think, one who tears 4 or 5 bald spots at
the same time is only liable for 1 - "a bald
spot" is extra to teach that he is liable for
5. Answer: If the Torah only wanted to teach the
Gezeirah Shavah, it should have written "Karach"; by
writing "Karachah", we also learn that it applies to
ii. Question: What do we learn from "in their
iii. Answer: That the prohibition applies to the
whole head, not only "between the eyes".
iv. Question: These 2 stringencies were taught by
Kohanim (to whom the Torah gave extra Mitzvos)
- how do we know that they applies to Yisraelim
v. Answer: A Gezeirah Shavah "Karachah-Karachah"
teaches that Yisrael are also liable for each
tearing, and on the entire head;
vi. Also - just as the prohibition by Yisrael only
applies to tearing on account of a Mes, also by
1. Just as women are exempt from Tefilin, also from
(h) Question: Why didn't Rava learn as Abaye?
(i) Answer: He does not feel that the difference between
"Karach" and "Karachah" warrants expounding.
(j) Question: Why didn't Abaye learn as Rava?
(k) Answer: He holds that we learn the place to wear Tefilin
from the prohibition of tearing hair, in a place where
(a) Question: What do Abaye and Rava learn from "You are
children (to Hash-m)"?
3) WOMEN MAY NOT SERVE IN THE MIKDASH
(b) Answer (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): "You are children to
Hash-m" - you are called children only when you act as
1. R. Meir says, in either case you are called children
- "They are foolish children", "Children, they are
not trustworthy", "Evil seed, children that act
corruptly", "Instead of saying you are not my
nation, they will say, children of the living G-d".
2. Question: Why isn't the first verse enough?
3. Answer: One might have thought, they are called
children when foolish, but not when they cannot be
trusted - therefore, the second verse is needed;
4. One might have thought, they are called children
when they cannot be trusted, but not when they serve
idolatry - therefore, the third verse is needed;
5. One might have thought, such children are called
children, but they are not called proper children
(after they repent) - therefore, the last verse is
(a) (Mishnah): Only men may do the following: Semichah
(pressing on the animal's neck), waving, Hagashah
(bringing close to the Altar), Kemitzah (talking a
handful of a flour offering), burning on the Altar,
Melikah (cutting the neck of a bird offering, using the
fingernail), receiving (blood of slaughter in a vessel),
1. The only exceptions are a Sotah and a Nezirah, who
wave their offerings.
(b) (Gemara): We learn Semichah from "Speak to Benei Yisrael
(not Benos Yisrael)...he will press".
(c) We learn waving from "Speak to Benei Yisrael...he will
(d) We learn Hagashah from "Benei Aharon will bring close".
(e) We learn Kemitzah from "He will bring it to Benei Aharon,
and he will take a handful".
(f) We learn burning from "Benei Aharon will burn it".
(g) The Torah equates Melikah to burning.
(h) We learn receiving from "Benei Aharon will offer";
1. In this verse, "Will offer" means receiving the
(i) (Mishnah): (Only men may) sprinkle.
(j) Question: What sprinkling is referred to?
1. Suggestion: If of the red heifer - it says "Elazar
(the Kohen that stands to substitute for the Kohen
Gadol if necessary)"!
(k) Answer: Rather, the sprinklings of a bird's blood - we
learn this from a Kal va'Chomer.
2. Suggestion: If the sprinklings in the Kodshei
ha'Kodoshim - it says, "the anointed Kohen"!
1. Even a Zar (non-Kohen) may slaughter an animal
offering, but a Kohen must sprinkle its blood - by
birds, only a Kohen may do Melikah, all the more so
a Kohen must sprinkle the blood!
(l) (Mishnah): The only exceptions are a Sotah and a Nezirah
(who wave their offerings).
(m) Question (R. Elazar): From where do we know that the
offering of a Sotah must be waved?
1. Question: A verse specifically says so!
(n) Answer: He learns a Gezeirah Shavah "Yad-Yad" from
2. Answer: He means, 'From where do we know that the
one who brings it must wave it?'
1. "The Kohen will take from (the Sotah)"; "His hands
will wave (the Shelamim)" - just as the Kohen must
wave the offering of a Sotah, also by a Shelamim;
(o) We learn Nezirah from Sotah through a Gezeirah Shavah
2. Just as one who brings a Shelamim must wave it, also
by a Sotah.
3. Question: How do we fulfill both!
4. Answer: The Kohen puts his hands under the owner's
hands and they wave together.