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Kidushin 75

KIDUSHIN 72-75 - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.

1) [line 4] MITRI SHENI - a second-generation Egyptian (or Edomite) convert (see Background to Kidushin 74:23). According to Tana Kama, all Egyptian converts who have relations with a Bas Yisrael render her unfit to marry a Kohen or to eat Terumah. According to Rebbi Shimon ben Gamliel, since the widow of a second-generation Egyptian is permitted to marry a Kohen, he does not render a Bas Yisrael unfit for the Kehunah.

See Background to Kidushin 74:5.

3) [line 12] "...BANIM ASHER YIVALDU LAHEM" - "[You shall not reject an Edomite; for he is your brother; you shall not reject an Egyptian; because you were a stranger in his land.] The children who are born to them in their third generation may enter into the congregation of HaSh-m." (Devarim 23:8-9)

4) [line 26] ALMANAS ISAH
(a) An Almanas Isah is the widow of a person who is of questionable lineage. For example, a man threw a Get to his wife and there was a doubt as to whether it landed closer to her (in which case she was divorced) or closer to him (in which case she was not divorced). He then died, leaving her with a doubt as to whether she was an Almanah or a Gerushah. A Kohen then married her, fathering a son who was a Safek Chalal. The son's widow is an example of the Almanas Isah about whom Rebbi Yehoshua testified that she should be permitted to marry a Kohen because of the Sefeik Sefeika (double doubt) (RASHI to Kesuvos 14a DH Al Almanas Isah; Rashi ibid. DH Trei Sefeikei cites other examples).
(b) "Isah" is the translation of *dough* (RASHI to Kesuvos 111a DH k'Isah). Just as many different ingredients are mixed into dough and are indiscernible from one another, there are many doubts mixed into the lineage of this woman. Alternatively, "Isah" can refer to the *doubt* that is associated with her lineage (RASHI to Kesuvos 14a DH Isah)

5) [line 32] SEFEIK SEFEIKA - a "double doubt;" she is one step removed from her husband, whose lineage is in doubt

6) [line 46] D'TAFAS - that he seized [possessions of the Arus]
7) [line 53] AD SHE'YISHTAKE'A SHEM AVODAS KOCHAVIM MIMENU - until his association with idol worship is forgotten (lit. sinks)


See Background to Kidushin 72:5.

9) [line 8] "U'VAS KOHEN KI TIHEYEH ALMANAH U'GERUSHAH V'ZERA EIN LAH..." - "But if the Kohen's daughter is a widow, or divorced, and has no child, [and has returned to her father's house, as in her youth, she may eat of her father's bread (i.e. Terumah); but no stranger eat of it.]" (Vayikra 22:13) - The daughter of a Kohen eats Terumah before she marries a non-Kohen and after she becomes a widow or a divorcee and has no children from him.

(a) When a man dies childless and his wife is an Ervah to the Yavam, she does not fall to Yibum and as such she is exempt from the Mitzvos of Yibum and Chalitzah. She may marry whomever she pleases, immediately. Chazal teach (Yevamos 3b, 8a) that not only is the Ervah exempt from Yibum and Chalitzah, but also her Tzarah, the second wife of the deceased. (However, if there are other Yevamim to whom she is not prohibited because of an Isur Ervah, the two women may not get married until one of the Yevamim performs Yibum or Chalitzah with one of the wives of the deceased.) There are fifteen such cases of Ervah that exempt the other wife or wives from Yibum.
(b) The previous is the opinion of Beis Hillel, which is the Halachah. Beis Shamai, however, rules that a Tzaras Ervah is *not* exempt from performing Yibum or Chalitzah. As a result, the Tzaras Ervah who marries whomever she wants according to the opinion of Beis Hillel transgresses the prohibition of Yevamah la'Shuk according to Beis Shamai (see Background to Kidushin 67:6). On the other hand, if she performs Yibum according to the opinion of Beis Shamai, she transgresses the prohibition of marrying her husband's paternal brother according to the opinion of Beis Hillel, and all of her children from this union will be Mamzerim.

11) [line 25] SHE'NITME'U - that were mixed in with them
12) [line 26] "...VA'YA'ASU LAHEM MIKTZOSAM KOHANEI VAMOS..." - "[And they feared HaSh-m (the Kusim and other nations exiled to Eretz Yisrael),] and appointed from among themselves all sorts of people as Kohanim of the high places, [who sacrificed for them in the houses of the high places.]" (Melachim II 17:)

13) [line 27] MIN HA'KOTZIM SHEBA'AM - (a) from the "thorns," or waste, of the nation; (b) from those set aside from the nation because of their impure lineage (from the word "Muktzah" - "set aside")

14) [line 32] HA'BECHIRIM - the choicest
15) [last line] SHE'HAYU MEYABMIM ES HA'ARUSOS - who ruled that [only] women who were betrothed when their husbands died childless needed to perform Yibum or Chalitzah [and not married women, as the Gemara below (Daf 76a) explains]

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