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Kidushin 73

KIDUSHIN 72-75 - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.

1) [line 3] KEHAL GERIM LO IKRI KAHAL - converts are not called [and are not included within] the congregation [of HaSh-m; the congregation of HaSh-m refers to the main body of the Jewish people]

2) [line 17] RAGMUHU KULEI ALMA B'ESROGAIHU - the entire group of people [who were gathered there] stoned him with their Esrogs

3) [line 20] MECHOZA - Mechoza, a large Jewish trading town on the Tigris River


(a) KOL D'PARISH, ME'RUBA PARISH - When there is a doubt as to the source of a certain item, i.e. from where it comes or to which group it belongs, the Torah informs us that we may resolve the doubt according to certain set rules. One of these rules is "Haloch Achar ha'Rov" (assume that an item comes from the largest group). For instance, if a piece of meat is found lying on the street (or in the hands of a Nochri in the street), and most of the meat in the town is Kosher, it can be safely assumed that the meat is kosher. The source for Haloch Achar ha'Rov is the verse, "Acharei Rabim l'Hatos" (Shemos 23:2, Chulin 11a).
(b) KOL KAVU'A, K'MECHETZEH AL MECHETZEH DAMI - If, however, the nature of the item is in doubt while it is still "in its place," or Kavu'a, (i.e. it was not separated from the other items of its kind), we do not follow the Rov. Instead, we remain in doubt as to the status of the item. For instance, if a person buys meat and then forgets whether he bought it at a Kosher or non-Kosher store, we cannot assume that the meat is Kosher just because most of the stores in the town are Kosher, since we are questioning its status while it is still in its proper place (i.e. the store) before it was separated from the other pieces of meat in the store.
5) [line 35] MA'ALAH ASU B'YUCHASIN - Chazal were particularly stringent with regard to the marriage of Kohanim

6) [line 37] D'MACHMAS RE'AVON - that because of hunger [a woman discarded her Kosher child]


7) [line 1] MESHALTEI HADAMEI - his limbs have been guided and straightened
8) [line 2] SHAYIF MISHCHA U'MALEI KOCHALA - he has been smeared with oil and [his eyes] filled with Kechol, a blue or tinted powder used for painting the eyelids

9) [line 2] RAMI CHUMREI - an amulet of beads is found upon the child
10) [line 3] TALI PISKA V'SALI KEMI'A - an amulet (with an inscription on parchment) is hanging from him, or an amulet (containing herbs) is hanging from him

11) [line 4] TALI B'DIKLEI - if he was suspended from a palm-tree
12) [line 6] ZARDESA SEMICHA L'MASA - [if the infant was found suspended from a] Zardesa tree (O.F. sorbier, or sorb tree) close to the town (in which many Shedim live; -- RASHI)

13) [line 10] PEIRA D'SUFLEI - [if the infant was found in a] ditch were date-pits are stored (as food for animals)

14) [line 11] CHARIFTA D'NAHARA - [if the infant was found in a floating trough placed in the] water-way of the river (i.e. the middle of the river, where boats travel)

15) [line 12] PESHAREI - the banks of a river (where melting snow flows into the river)

16) [line 12] TZIDEI RESHUS HA'RABIM - an area at the side of Reshus ha'Rabim that is used by the public only when Reshus ha'Rabim is congested

17) [line 26] CHAYAH - a midwife

18) [line 26] POTERES CHAVROSEHA (NIDAH) - lit. a woman who exempts her friends
(a) By Torah Law, a woman who sees blood becomes a Nidah for seven days and is Tamei with Tum'as Nidah.
(b) Chazal declared a woman Teme'ah if she found certain colored stains on her undergarments or bedsheets.
(c) If three woman slept in the same bed at the same time, and a single stain was found beneath them, they are all Tamei mi'Safek. If, however, one woman says that she checked herself and found herself to be Tamei (see next entry), she is believed to say that she is the one from whom the stain came, and her friends are Tahor.

19) [line 37] K'SHI'UR VESES - immediately (after the Kesem was found on the bed; this amount of time is defined by the Gemara in Nidah 14b)

20) [line 39] SHE'LO KARA ALEHA SHEM IR'ER - when no rumor has been circulated about the legitimacy of the lineage of one the babies

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