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Kidushin 70

1) [line 1] "[VA'YOCHLU VENEI YISRAEL HA'SHAVIM ME'HA'GOLAH] V'CHOL HA'NIVDAL MI'TUM'AS GOYEI HA'ARETZ ALEIHEM." - "[And they ate (the Korban Pesach) -- the children of Yisrael who returned from the exile,] and everyone who had separated from the defilement of the nations of the earth, to [join] them." (Ezra 6:21)

2) [line 2] "VA'YISHMA SANVALAT HA'CHORANI V'TOVIYAH HA'EVED HA'AMONI." - "And Sanvalat the Chorani heard, and Toviyah the Eved from Amon...." (Nechamya 2:10)

3) [line 3] "KI RABIM BI'YEHUDAH BA'ALEI SHEVU'AH LO, KI CHASAN HU LI'SHECHANYAH VEN ARACH, VI'YEHOCHANAN BENO LAKACH ES BAS MESHULAM BEN BERECHYAH." - "Because many in Yehudah were those who had taken an oath [of allegiance] to him (Toviyah), for he was the son-in-law of Shechanyah the son of Arach, and Yehochanan his son married the daughter of Meshulam the son of Berechyah." (Nechamya 6:18)

4a) [line 4] OVED KOCHAVIM V'EVED HA'BA AL BAS YISRAEL HA'VELAD MAMZER - [according to one opinion,] when an idolater or a Nochri slave has relations with Jewish woman, the offspring is a Mamzer.
b) HA'VELAD KASHER - [according to another opinion,] offspring of a union between an idolater or a slave with a Jewish woman is legitimate: (a) the offspring is a legitimate *Jew* (most RISHONIM; this is the Halachic opinion -- SHULCHAN ARUCH Even ha'Ezer 4:19); (b) Some Rishonim explain that the child is a proper *Nochri* and not a Jew at all, and that *when he converts* he will not be considered a Mamzer (RASHI to Kidushin 68b, DH Leima, TOSFOS to Yevamos 23a, DH Kasavar)

5) [line 7] "V'ELEH HA'OLIM MI'TEL MELACH..." - "And these were the ones who went up from Tel Melach, Tel Charsha: Keruv, Adon, and Imer, and they were unable to relate the house of their father or their mother, whether they were from Yisrael." (Nechamya 7:61)

6) [line 10] TEL MELACH - (lit. a mound of salt) this alludes to the people who repeated the practices of Sedom, the people of which were turned into salt (Devarim 29:22), who had many Mamzerim among them. The Gemara in Sanhedrin (109b) explains that there was a law in Sedom that if one man hit another man's pregnant wife, causing her to miscarry, he was required to live with her until he made her pregnant again, and hence there were many Mamzerim among the people of Sedom.

7) [line 13] KERUV - [as holy as the] Cherub, the angelic being (Yechezkel 10:14)
8) [line 13] NAMER - [as unscrupulous as the] leopard
9) [line 16] CHARSHO - he plowed over [and sowed it with salt]
10) [line 18] "BA'SH-M BAGADU KI VANIM ZARIM YALADU, [ATAH YOCHLEM CHODESH ES CHELKEIHEM]." - "Against HaSh-m they have rebelled, for they have given birth to strange children they have born, [now they (their enemy) will consume them in a month, with their portions]." (Hoshea 5:7)

11) [line 23] KOFSO - ties him up
12) [line 23] ROTZ'O - whips him
13) [line 25] KOL HA'POSEL PASUL, V'EINO MEDABER B'SHIVCHA (L'OLAM) SHEL OLAM - anyone who accuses someone else of being of sullied lineage is himself of sullied lineage, and he (one who is of sullied lineage) never speaks of the world with praise

14) [line 26] B'MUMO POSEL - he accuses others of being unfit with his own blemish
15) [line 27] BEI MATBECHAYA - a butcher shop
16) [line 28] YEHUDAH BAR SHEVISKAL - Rav Yehudah bar Yechezkel was the Rosh Yeshivah in Pumbedisa (RASHI), known as Rav Yehudah. The other man insulted him by called him, "Yehudah bar Sheviskal" -- "Yehudah the roasted-meat eater (i.e. the glutton)."

17) [line 29] SHAMTEI - he placed him in excommunication
18) [line 30] AZAL HA'HU - that one (who insulted Rav Yehudah bar Yechezkel) went
19) [line 33] YEKARA D'VEI NESI'AH - the honor of the House of the Nasi (prince, Reish Galusa)

20) [line 36] PURSA D'GUNERISA - a small barrier (that is acceptable to fulfill the Mitzvah of Ma'akeh (see Background to Kidushin 34:3), but is not a major construction project that would be unfit for Rav Nachman's social status

21) [line 37] KARPITA - a bench
22) [line 38] ESRONGA - Esrog, the citron fruit
23) [line 41] ANBEGA - a cup [of Ispargus -- see next entry]
b) [line 41] ISPARGUS - a beverage of wine or beer made with asparagus (a type of cabbage) that has the quality of preventing inebriation (Otzar ha'Ga'onim #324) which people used to drink in the morning on an empty stomach for medicinal purposes

b) [line 41] ANPAK - a cup [of Ispargus -- see previous entry]

24) [line 42] DONAG - the name of Rav Nachman's young daughter
25) [last line] KOL B'ISHAH ERVAH - the voice of a woman is considered like her nakedness (and arouses a person to sin); see Insights


26a) [line 3] SHARI LEI TAGREI - resolve his dispute
b) [line 4] D'LO NISHAVICH KI'SHE'AR AM HA'ARETZ - so that he not make you equal to every other ignoramus

27) [line 5] SHI'ATEI - [what is the master's] way of coming (i.e. what brings the master here)

28) [line 5] TASKA D'HANMENUSA - subpoena
29) [line 6] SHUSA D'MAR - the master's speech
30) [line 8] DISKA D'HAZMENUSA - subpoena
31) [line 11] MECHANFEI - show favoritism

32) [line 13] NAGDEI MAR - the master should have given him lashes (MAKAS MARDUS)
Beis Din has the power to inflict lashes upon a person when lashes mid'Oraisa cannot be instituted. These lashes are called Makas Mardus (lit. lashes for rebelliousness) and may be unlimited in number. (See Insights to Chulin 110:1 for a discussion of the various opinions regarding how Makas Mardus is administered.)

33) [line 19] D'ASINA MI'BEI CHASHMONAI MALKA - that I stem from the family of the Hasmonean kings!

34) [line 22] KOL TALMID CHACHAM SHE'MOREH HALACHAH U'VA - all scholars who cite teachings and Halachic rulings [that are critical to the case at hand]

35) [line 25] CHADA KAR'A A'GUDA, V'CHADA KAR'A B'MAVRA - one foot on the bank and one foot on the ferry (or bridge)

36) [line 31] ZAR'AYASA - families
37) [line 31] D'VEI YONAH - the family of "Yonah" ("dove")
b) [line 32] D'VEI ORVASEI - the family of "Orvasi" ("Orev," or "raven")
38) [line 32] RIGMA - the stones [with which they intended to pelt him]
39) [line 33] V'KAM ATMA BI'NEHAR MALKA - and it dammed the Royal Canal (lit. Malka River)

40) [line 34] B'RAMUS RUCHA - because of his haughtiness
41) [line 35] BALA'EI DANA'EI TELA'EI MELA'EI ZAGA'EI - these are all names of families, or the places in which the families resided, that were declared to be of sullied lineage

42a) [line 36] GOVA'EI GIVONA'EI - the family known as "Gova'ei" are Givonim, i.e. Nesinim (see Background to Kidushin 69:12)
b) DORNUNISA DARA'EI NESINA'EI - the village of Dornunis means "the town (Dura) of Nesinim"

43) [line 41] "... V'AMCHA KI'MRIVEI CHOHEN." - "... and your people are like the quarrelsome Kohanim." (Hoshea 4:4)

44) [line 46] "BA'ES HA'HI NE'UM HASH-M EHEYEH LE'LOKIM L'CHOL MISHPECHOS YISRAEL, [V'HEMAH YIHEYU LI L'AM]." - "At that time, says HaSh-m, I will be for a G-d to all of the families of Yisrael, [and they will be unto Me a nation.]" (Yirmeyahu 30:25) - (The reference in the gloss of the Gemara that says Yirmeyahu 31 is an error.)

45) [line 51] SAPACHAS - a mark of Tzara'as on the skin
The names and colors of four types of marks that make a person a Metzora are 1. Baheres, which is the color of snow; 2. Se'es, which is the color of clean, white newborn lamb's wool; 3. Sapachas of Baheres, which is the color of the plaster used to whitewash the Beis ha'Mikdash; 4. Sapachas of Se'es, which is the color of the white membrane found on the inside of an egg. (See Background to Kidushin 35:23.)

46) [line 51] "... V'NILVAH HA'GER ALEIHEM V'NISPECHU AL BEIS YAKOV." - "[For HaSh-m will have mercy on Yakov, and will yet choose Yisrael, and set them in their own land;] and foreigners shall be joined with them, and they shall cleave to the house of Yakov." (Yeshayah 14:1)

47) [line 52] "[ZOS HA'TORAH...] VELA'SE'ES VELA'SAPACHAS [VELA'BEHARES.]" - "This is the law...for the Se'es, and for the Sapachas [and for the Baheres]." (Vayikra 14:54-56) (See above, entry #45)

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