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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Kesuvos 107


(a) According to Rav, if a man travels overseas for an extended period of time, Beis-Din will arrange for his wife to be fed from his property whilst he is away. Shmuel (who disagrees on principle with Rav) points out that Rav will agree with him for the initial period after her husband's departure. Why is that? How long does this initial period last?

(b) According to Rav Z'vid, Shmuel's reason for saying that they do not arrange for her to receive Mezonos is because we are afraid that perhaps 'Tzoreri Atf'sah'.
What does 'Tzoreri Atf'sah' mean?

(c) What reason does Rav Papa give to explain Shmuel?

(d) One of the differences between the two reasons is in the case of a Gedolah who does not manage to produce enough to live on (where Rav Z'vid's reason will apply but not Rav Papa's).
What is the other difference?

(a) Shmuel concedes that if we heard that her husband died, Beis-Din will arrange for her to receive Mezonos.
Why is that?

(b) Why are we not afraid that the Yesomim (to whom she is now obligated to provide the work of her hands) will now say to her 'Tze'i Ma'aseh Yadayich bi'Mezonosayich'?

(a) The B'nei Kohanim Gedolim argue with Chanan in our Mishnah as to whether the woman whose husband went overseas needs to swear at the beginning. They all agree however, that, on principle, she does receive Mezonos.
How will Shmuel explain the Mishnah?

(b) They repeat their Machlokes in a Beraisa, which concludes 've'Im Ba ve'Amar Pasakti Lah Mezonos, Ne'eman'.
What is he saying, and under what condition is he believed?

(c) How will Shmuel explain the Beraisa (seeing as the husband is clearly alive)?

(a) Another Beraisa discusses the case of Beis-Din arranging Mezonos for a woman whose husband went overseas.
Do they also fix Mezonos for his children?

(b) Rav Sheishes tries to establish the Beraisa (according to Shmuel) when her husband undertook to feed her through an agent (who subsequently retracts).
What does he gain by explaining it that way?

(c) On what grounds do we reject Rav Sheishes explanation?

(d) So Rav Papa establishes it when we heard that her husband died through one witness.
How will that explain the distinction that the Tana makes between the Almanah and the children?

(a) When the Tana of the Beraisa stated earlier that the children are not fed from the husband's property, he added 've'Lo Davar Acher'. According to Rav Chisda, this refers to make-up and ornaments.
What does it refer to, according to Rav Yosef?

(b) Does ...

  1. ... Rav Chisda agree with Rav Yosef?
  2. ... Rav Yosef agree with Rav Chisda?
Answers to questions



(a) The Tana of a Beraisa states that, for the first three months, a Yevamah is fed from her husband's property.
What happens after that?

(b) In which case is she fed from the Yavam's property? How will Shmuel reconcile his opinion with this Beraisa? Why are we not worried about 'Tzareri' or that the Yavam may have said to her 'Tze'i Ma'aseh Yadayich bi'Mezonosayich'?

(c) What choice does a woman have if she returns from overseas with the news that her husband died?

(d) Should she claim that her husband divorced her, she may only claim Mezonos up to the amount of her Kesuvah.
Why is that?

7) In the previous case, which Shmuel establishes when they heard that her husband died, why can she not claim her entire Kesuvah at once?


(a) As long as a Mema'enes is living with her husband, she receives Mezonos. Then what does the Tana of the Beraisa mean, when he says 'Mema'enes Ein Lah Mezonos'?

(b) Would she have been entitled to reclaim the money to pay her debt had she not made Miyun?

(c) How will Shmuel explain this Beraisa together with its inference? How would she have been permitted to borrow at her husband's expense in the first place?

(a) Rav Dimi cited an incident that occurred with Rebbi, who arranged for the wife of a man who went overseas to receive Mezonos from his property. What did Rebbi Yishmael rule when he was faced with a similar case?

(b) How did Ravin quote this Machlokes?

(c) How did Rebbi Yishmael according to Rav Dimi, and Rebbi according to Ravin, explain our Mishnah (where both the B'nei Kohanim Gedolim and Chanan agree that a woman whose husband went overseas does receive Mezonos)?

(d) What is the Halachah? Does she receive Mezonos or doesn't she?

(a) We also issue two more rulings (even though they are not directly connected with our Sugya). We rule like Rav Huna Amar Rav (regarding the work that a woman produces), and like Rav Z'vid (regarding the possibility of Kashering earthenware vessels).
What does Rav Huna Amar Rav say about a woman who wants to earn an independent income?

(b) Rav Z'vid permits white or black earthenware vessels that have been covered with lead (according to Tosfos DH 'Hani', they have been glazed), but not green ones.
Why is that?

(c) Besides Chametz on Pesach, which two areas of Halachah are affected by this ruling?

(d) When will even white and black earthenware vessels be forbidden?

(a) According to Chanan in our Mishnah, if a man goes overseas and someone voluntarily feeds his wife, he has lost his money.
What do the B'nei Kohanim Gedolim say?

(b) Rebbi Dosa ben Horkinus agreed with the B'nei Kohanim Gedolim.
What did Raban Yochanan ben Zakai say?

Answers to questions

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