REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Kesuvos 105
(a) How do we reconcile the Tana of our Mishnah ...
(b) In another Beraisa, Rebbi Yossi quotes the Gozrei Gezeiros, who penalize
someone who cuts down another person's sapling (in its first year) to the
tune of two silver Ma'ah.
- ... who lists two Gozrei Gezeiros (Admon ben Avishalom and Chanan ben Gada'i), with the Tana of the Beraisa, who adds Chanan ha'Mitzri?
- ... who calls them 'Gozrei Gezeiros', with the Tana of the Beraisa, who refers to them as 'Daynei Gezeilos'?
How much would they have charged him for cutting
down a two year old tree?
(c) Who is the author of the Beraisa which includes Nachum ha'Madi in the
list of Gozrei Gezeiros?
(a) Rebbi Pinchas Amar Rebbi Oshaya informs us that there were three hundred
and ninety four Batei-Dinim in Yerushalayim.
What sort of Beis-Din is he
(b) Which other three institutions did he include in his list of which there
were that number?
(c) How do we reconcile this with our Mishnah, which lists only three Gozrei
Gezeiros in Yerushalayim?
(a) What was the source of the Gozrei Gezeiros in Yerushalayim's income? How
much did they receive?
(b) What problem do we have with Rav Yehudah Amar Rav Asi, who is initially
quoted as saying that if they did not agree with that amount, they would
(c) What did Rav Yehudah Amar Rav Asi really say?
(a) When Karna judged disputes, he would take a Sela from each litigant.
How do we know that the Pasuk in Mishpatim "ve'Shochad Lo Sikach" applies
even if it is with the express intention of judging the litigant who paid
it, fairly, according to the Halachah?
(b) Assuming that a Dayan takes money from both litigants, when does the
Tana say ...
(c) Which three conditions did Karna fulfill when taking money from the
litigants? What was Karna's profession?
- ... in the Mishnah in Bechoros 'Diynav Beteilin'?
- ... in a Beraisa ''Mechu'ar ha'Dayan'?
(d) What did Rav Huna mean when, before judging, he would say to the
litigants 'Havu Li Gavra de'Dali Li ba'Charika'i'?
(a) Rebbi Avahu mocked the judges who took bribery.
Answers to questions
How did he describe
(b) Considering that fools and wicked people are not eligible to judge, what
did the Tana of the Beraisa mean when, with reference to the Pasuk "Ki
ha'Shochad Ye'aver Einei Chachamim ... " he said 'Kal va'Chomer
le'Tipshim'... 'Kal va'Chomer le'Resha'im'?
(a) How does Rav Nachman bar Kohen explain the Pasuk in Mishlei "Melech
ba'Mishpat Ya'amid Eretz ve'Ish Terumos Yaharsenah"? What is the analogy of
a Dayan to a king on the one hand, and to a Kohen collecting in the
granaries on the other.
(b) Rabah bar Rav Shiloh disqualifies a Dayan who regularly borrows from the
people of his town, from judging them.
How does he qualify this statement?
When is it permitted?
(c) Then how do we account for Rava being a Dayan in Mechuza, even though he
often borrowed from Bei bar Meryon without reciprocating?
(a) What reason does Rava give for the Torah's prohibition of a Dayan who
accepts bribery to judge the person who gave it? How does that lie inherent
in the word 'Shochad'?
(b) What does Rav Papa say about judging ...
(c) What does Abaye say about a Talmid-Chacham who is loved by his
- ... a close friend?
- ... that one dislikes?
(d) Rava maintained that the residents of Mechuza (the town where he lived)
used to love him until he became a Dayan.
What did he say about them after
he became a Dayan ...
- ... initially ?
- ... ultimately?
(a) What do we learn from the fact that the Pasuk writes "ve'Shochad Lo
Sikach", rather than "u'Betza Lo Sikach"?
(b) What is the definition of 'Shochad Devarim'?
(c) As an example of Shochad Devarim, we cite what happened to Shmuel.
What happened to him as he was crossing a bridge?
(d) Ameimar refused to take on the case of someone who removed a feather
from his cloak, and so did Mar Ukva, when a prospective litigant removed
some spittle from his path.
On what grounds did Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi
Yossi refuse to take on the case of his own share-cropper?
(a) What caused Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi to curse those who accepted
bribery? What 'Kal va'Chomer' did he Darshen?
(b) A similar incident occurred with Rebbi Yishmael ben Elisha, the Kohen
On what grounds did he refuse to take on the case of somebody who
came to him to be judged?
(a) Rav Anan declined to accept the case of that man who sent him small
fish. Based on an incident in Melachim (that happened with Elisha), the man
nevertheless prevailed upon him to accept the fish as a gift.
What do we
learn from the reference to 'Bikurim' in the Pasuk there? Why can "Bikurim"
not be meant literally?
(b) What did Rav Nachman (wrongly) assume when Rav Anan sent the man to him
to be judged?
(c) What were the ramifications of that assumption? Which Asei are we
(a) Bearing in mind that a second case awaiting Rav Nachman's attention
concerned Yesomim, what dilemma now faced Rav Nachman?
Answers to questions
(b) What did Rav Nachman decide?
(c) What Takalah (stumbling-block) did his decision cause?