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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Kesuvos 103


(a) Why did that man who had rented out his only mill wish to change his conditions of rental with the renter?

(b) Ravina thought that, like the case in our Mishnah, where one of the two husbands is asked to give the daughter money, the owner can demand that, from now on, the renter pays him money (leaving him to grind his own food). What did Rav Avira tell him?

(c) In which case is the Halachah nevertheless like Ravina?

(a) Are the Yesomim entitled to ask the Almanah to leave their father's house and to return to her father's home?

(b) And does the Almanah have the right to insist on the Yesomim feeding her whilst she resides in her father's home?

(c) In which case ...

  1. ... is she entitled to do so?
  2. ... are the Yesamim entitled to ask her to leave their home?
(d) What do we learn rom the wording of the Kesuvah 'At Tehei Yasvas be'Veisi u'Miszena mi'Nechasai Kol Yemei Meigar Armelusach'?
(a) What is the Halachic difference between whether the Yesomim sold the section of their home in which the Almanah resides or whether they sold Nechasim Me'utim (which is also designated for her)?

(b) Are the Yesomim obligated to rebuild the Almanah's residence that collapsed?

(c) Does she have the right to rebuild it herself?

(d) What did Abaye mean when he asked what the Din will be if she repaired her tottering apartment? What was his She'eilah?

(a) The reason that the Yesomim are not obligated to pay the Almanah Mezonos as long as she resides in her father's house is contained in a statement by Rav Huna.
What did Rav Huna say?

(b) In that case, why does the Tana of the Mishnah absolve the Yesomim from paying the Almanah Mezonos as long as she resides in her father's house completely? Why should they not pay her at least something?

(a) From our Mishnah, we learn that 'Lashon Chachamim B'rachah'.
Which other two worthwhile Leshonos do we learn from the Chachamim?

(b) Meshichah acquires Metaltelin. Medidah (measuring *food*, for example) does not.
What do the Chachamim advise someone who has measured a large stock of grain (shall we say), and who has not the time to perform Meshichah with it all (though he does wish to acquire it now) to do?

(c) Why is it forbidden to chew wheat-kernels ands place them on one's wound on Pesach?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Yisro ...
  1. ... "Kabeid *es* Avicha"?
  2. ... "*ve'es* Imecha"?
(b) Then why did Rebbi find it necessary to command his sons to honor their step-mother (his second wife) after his death?

(c) And why did Rebbi commanded his sons to make sure that a lamp would always be lit, the table laid and the bed (or the couch) made at dusk (of Erev Shabbos)?

(d) What was it that caused Rebbi to stop coming?

(a) What did Rebbi mean when he stated that Yosef from Cheifah and Shimon from Efras should serve him after his death? How did it become apparent that he did not mean what he seemed to have said at first?

(b) Then why did Rebbi need to tell his sons this?

(c) What did they think Rebbi meant when he called the Chachamim and ordered them not to eulogize him in the towns?

(d) What did he really mean? What is the difference between the two reasons?

Answers to questions



(a) What did Rebbi mean when he ordered the Chachamim to place a Yeshivah 'over his grave'? What would the procedure then be after thirty days?

(b) From whom did he learn the restriction of thirty days?

(c) What did the Heavenly Voice announce on the day that Rebbi died?

(d) What did that laundryman do do earn his immediate place in Olam ha'Ba, in spite of the fact that he missed Rebbi's Levayah?

(a) What did Rebbi mean when he instructed the Chachamim, 'Shimon B'ni Chacham, Gamliel B'ni Nasi'?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Divrei ha'Yamim "ve'es ha'Mamlachah Nasan li'Yehoram ki Hu ha'Bechor"?

(c) Based on this Pasuk, Levi thought that it should not have been necessary for Rebbi to appoint Gamliel Nasi.
On what grounds did Shimon bar Rebbi disagree? Why was Gamliel his brother not worthy of succeeding Rebbi?

(d) Then why *did* Rebbi appoint him?

(a) Why did Rebbi Efes succeed Rebbi as Rosh Yeshivah despite Rebbi's appointment of Rebbi Chanina bar Chama?

(b) What did Rav conclude, when they told him that Levi had arrived in Bavel?

(c) Some explain that Rav knew that it was because Rebbi Efes had died and not Rebbi Chanina, that Levi moved to Bavel, because Levi (unlike Rebbi Chanina) *would* have submitted himself to Rebbi Efes. Based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "ve'Sigzar Omer ve'Yakem Lach" - what do others say?

(d) When Levi arrived in Bavel, he brought with him a ruling 'K'lila Shari'. What does this mean?

(a) Some say that the reason that Rebbi chose Rebbi Chanina as Rosh Yeshivah rather than Rebbi Chiya was because Rebbi Chiya died before Rebbi.
How do we initially then explain the statement of Rebbi Chiya, testifying that he saw Rebbi's grave and wept over it?

(b) What else is Rebbi Chiya purported to have said on the day that Rebbi died (which we initially explain in the same way as we explained the pervious statement)?

(c) Following a third statement of Rebbi Chiya (which we initially explain in the same way as the previous two statements), Rebbi Chiya asked Rebbi why he was crying, seeing as it is a bad sign to die whilst he is weeping.
What did he reply?

(d) What do the following have in common. Someone who dies ...

  1. ... facing upwards, facing the people, with a red, shining face, on Erev Shabbos, on Motza'ei Yom Kipur, following a stomach illness?
  2. ... facing downwards, facing the wall, with a green face, on Motza'ei Shabbos, on Erev Yom Kipur?
(a) Why is it is considered a good sign to die ...
  1. ... on Erev Shabbos?
  2. ... on Motza'ei Yom Kipur?
  3. ... following a stomach illness?
(b) What is the alternative answer (which dispenses with the need to switch the text in the three previous problems), explaining why Rebbi might deliberately have overlooked Rebbi Chiya when appointing Rebbi Chanina bar Chama Rosh Yeshivah?

(c) What would Rebbi Chiya retort, when Rebbi Chanina advised him not to take on someone who would be able to revive Torah with his Pilpul, were it to become forgotten?

(d) What did Rebbi Chiya used to do after planting flax, making nets to trap deer and catching the deer? What did he do with the flesh of the deer?

(a) What did Rebbi reply, when Rebbi Shimon and Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi respectively, asked Rebbi whether, when he had exclaimed 'How great are the deeds of Chiya', he had meant that they were even greater than ...
  1. ... his own?
  2. ... those of Rebbi Yossi?
(b) Rebbi then called first for his younger son, Rebbi Shimon, and then for his older son.
What did he teach the former?

(c) And what did he teach the latter? What did he mean when he said 'Ne'hog Nesi'ascha be'Ramim'?

(d) He also instructed him to instill fear into the Talmidei-Chachamim (because the Nasi, like a king, must reflect the fear of Heshem that is the basis of Yiddishkeit). ow do we reconcile this with Yehoshafat, King of Yehudah, who, whenever he saw a Talmid-Chacham, would arise from his throne, embrace and kiss him and call him Rebbi, Rebbi, Mari, Mari?

(a) How does the Tana of a Beraisa connect the Pasuk in Shoftim "Tzedek Tzedek Tirdof" with Rebbi?

(b) How do we reconcile this with another Beraisa, which gives Rebbi's domicile prior to his death as having been in Tzipori, even though his burial-place was in Beis She'arim?

Answers to questions

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