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Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Kesuvos 82

KESUVOS 82 - dedicated by Mrs. Rita Grunberger of Queens, N.Y., in loving memory of her husband, Reb Yitzchok Yakov ben Eliyahu Grunberger.


(a) A similar incident occurred in Masa Mechsaya. What did the younger brother say to the Yavam, when he, like the Yavam in Pumbedisa, offered to share the property with him? What did he have to say about the residents of Pumbedisa?

(b) How did the Yavam attempt to convince him not to stop him from going ahead with the Yibum?

(c) But Mar bar Rav Ashi ruled otherwise, in spite of a statement of Rav Dimi Amar Rebbi Yochanan.
What did Rebbi Yochanan say?

(d) Why did Mar bar Rav Ashi decide that Rebbi Yochanan's ruling was not appropriate in our case?

(a) How do we reconcile Rebbi Yochanan's previous ruling with the ruling of Ravin in his name (that, even when it is possible to acquire the object now, his Kinyan now cannot have the affect of acquiring it later)?

(b) They asked Ula what the Din will be if the Yavam shares his deceased brother's property with his younger brother *after* he has performed Yibum. What did he reply?

(c) Then they asked him what the Din would be if he divided the property with him *before* Yibum.
How do we respond to Rav Sheishes, who asked that, seeing as Ula's reply to the first She'eilah was in the negative, what was the point of the second She'eilah?

(d) What is the final ruling in this matter?

(a) The Chachamim in our Mishnah said that fruit that is attached to the ground belongs to the Yavam.
What problem do we have with that?

(b) So how does Resh Lakish amend the Mishnah?

(a) The Tana of our Mishnah states that the moment the Yavam performs Yibum, the Yevamah becomes his wife, teaching us that should he wish to divorce her, she will require a Get, and that he will be permitted to remarry her.
Why is it not obvious that ...
  1. ... she will require a Get?
  2. ... he will be permitted to remarry her?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "u'Lekachah Lo le'Ishah"?
Answers to questions



(a) Why is the Kesuvah paid out of the estate of the Yevamah's first husband (rather than out of the Yavam's)?

(b) So why did Chazal institute that, should the first husband not have left an estate, the Yavam must write her a Kesuvah?

(c) Having informed us that the Yavam is not permitted to tell the Yevamah that her Kesuvah is on the table, why does the Tana then need to teach us that the same applies to a husband vis-a-vis his wife?

(d) What do we learn from the Mishnah 'Girshah, Ein Lah Ela K'suvasah? What does this statement imply?

6) We have learned in a Mishnah later in Perek ha'Kosev, that if a man remarries his divorcee, she receives only the first Kesuvah. In that case, why did our Tana find it necessary to repeat this Din in the case of a Yavam, who divorces his Yevamah and remarries her?


(a) Why did the women initially refuse to marry?

(b) What did Shimon ben Shetach do to change matters?

(a) Before Shimon ben Shetach's Takanah, they instituted placing the money for her Kesuvah in her father's house.
Why did that Takanah backfire?

(b) So they instituted placing the money in the husband's house.
What did ...

  1. ... the wealthy women begin doing with the money?
  2. ... the poor women begin doing with it?
(c) However, that Takanah did not work out either.
Why did they think it would?
***** Hadran Alach ha'Ishah she'Naflu *****

Answers to questions

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