REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Kesuvos 67
(a) According to Rav Sh'man bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan, what does the
Chasan enter into the Kesuvah if the Kalah brings in pieces of gold?
(b) We ask on him from a Beraisa, which compares gold to vessels, which we
initially take to mean silver vessels.
Why is this a Kashya? What would he
enter if she brought in silver vessels?
(c) We answer that the Tana means golden *vessels* (not pieces of gold).
What is then grammatically difficult with the Lashon 'ha'Zahav, Harei Hu
ke'Keilim'? What should he rather have written?
(a) We also ask on Rebbi Yochanan from another Beraisa, where the Tana Kama
compares gold to vessels, and golden Dinrim to money.
What does Raban
Shimon ben Gamliel say?
(b) Why can Raban Shimon ben Gamliel not be referring to the Seifa of the
Tana Kama's words?
(c) So he must be referring to the Reisha.
What does the Tana Kama then
hold? How will that present Rebbi Yochanan with a Kashya?
(d) In the first answer, we establish the Machlokes on the Seifa, and they
argue over golden Dinrim that can be used as coinage, but only with
What is then their Machlokes?
(a) Alternatively, we establish the entire Beraisa like Raban Shimon ben
Gamliel, and there are words missing.
How will the Beraisa then read,
after the opening statements 'Zahav, Harei Hu ke'Keilim, Dinrei Zahav, Harei
(b) Yet a third answer establishes the Beraisa 'ha'Zahav, Harei Hu
ke'Keilim', to mean that pieces of gold are compared to silver vessels.
How do we then establish Rebbi Yochanan?
(c) What is the advantage of this explanation over the previous ones?
(d) Rav Ashi establishes the Beraisa by 'Memala'.
What does he mean by
(a) Why does Rebbi Yanai consider the Besamim of Antioch like money (with
regard to adding a fifth to the price before entering them into the
(b) What do Arabian camels (according to Rebbi Yochanan - see Tosfos DH
'Gemalim'), clothes from Mechsi, sacks from Rudya and ropes from Kamchunya
(according to Rav Papi) have in common?
(c) What made Rava contend initially that the same will apply to purses from
(d) What caused him to change his mind?
(a) What is the minimum dowry that a man should give his daughter?
(b) In the event that he failed to include clothes in her dowry, what
obligation does that place upon the Chasan?
(c) The minimum dowry that one gives an orphan is fifty Zuz.
Who pays for
(d) What if she is of good stock?
(a) How do we prove from the Seifa of the Mishnah that the minimum of fifty
Zuz for a woman's dowry means fifty Zuz Medinah (and not Tzuri)?
Answers to questions
(b) Who has priority should a Yasom and a Yesomah both need ...
- ... sustenance?
- ... to get married?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei (regarding the extent of giving
(b) How do we know that "Lo" refers to a wife"?
- ... "Dei Machsoro"?
- ... "Asher Yechsar"?
- ... "Lo"?
(c) What is the significance of the order of priorities as they appear in
the above-mentioned Pasuk?
(d) Another Beraisa learns from "Dei Machsoro" that one is not obligated to
enrich a poor man, and from "Asher Yechsar Lo" that one should provide him
with a horse, should he need it and an Eved to run in front of him.
did Hillel once do when he was unable to find the latter?
(a) It happened once in the upper-Galilee that they bought a litre (a
weight) of meat daily for a poor man from Tzipori who was of good stock.
According to one explanation, the Chidush is that the meat that they fed him
was chicken's meat (which in those days was more expensive than that of
What is the Chidush ...
(b) What happened to that poor man who was used to eating juicy meat and old
wine, and whom Rebbi Nechemyah fed lentils?
- ... according to the second explanation?
- ... according to Rav Ashi, who establishes that the case took place in a small village?
(c) Why did Rebbi Nechemyah lament him with the words 'Woe to that man whom
Nechemyah killed', and not 'Woe to Nechemyah who killed that man'?
(a) What did that poor man retort, when Rava rebuked him for eating fat hens
and old wine at the community's expense? How did he extrapolate this from
the Pasuk in Tehilim "Einei Chol Eilecha Yesabeiru, ve'Atah Nosein Lahem es
(b) What happened just then that caused Rava to concede that the poor man
was right, and that he had spoken hastily?
(a) According to Rebbi Meir (the Tana Kama of the Beraisa), if a poor man
does not want to receive Tzedakah, the Gaba'i Tzedakah gives him a loan,
which he then transfers into a gift.
How does Rava explain the Chachamim,
who reverse the order (in spite of the fact that we are dealing with a man
who does not want a gift)?
(b) The Tana adds that in the case of a person who has money, but who
insists on being sustained from Tzedakah funds, we give him his needs and
then ask him to pay it back.
How does Rav Papa explain this?
(c) Rebbi Shimon disagrees with the previous opinions.
What does Rebbi
Shimon say ...
- ... in the latter case, when the poor man insists that the Gabai Tzedakah sustains him?
- ... in the former case, when he does not have money, and does not want to accept from Tzedakah?
(a) In another Beraisa, Rebbi Yehudah (the Tana Kama) learns like Rebbi Meir
in the previous Beraisa. He derives the first Halachah from "Ha'avet", and
the second, from "Ta'avitenu".
What do the Chachamim (who hold like Rebbi
Shimon regarding a poor man who insists on being sustained from Tzedakah) do
(b) Mar Ukva used to place four Zuzim daily inside the door-post belonging
to a certain poor man.
What did the poor man decide to do one day?
(c) How did Mar Ukva ...
(d) Why did they go to such lengths to avoid discovery, even to the point of
getting burnt? From whom did they learn this?
- ... (and his wife who 'happened' to have accompanied him that day) prevent their identity from being discovered?
- ... 's wife explain to her husband why his leg got burnt, but not hers?
(a) Why did Mar Ukva's son tell his father that the poor man to whom he sent
a donation of four hundred Zuz every Erev Yom-Kipur did not need it?
(b) What was Mar Ukva's response?
(c) What was Mar Ukva's reaction when, on his deathbed, they informed him
that he had given seven thousand Dinrim Tzedakah in good coinage (Aruch)?
(d) How do we reconcile this with the Takanah of Usha not to give more than
one fifth of one's resources for Tzedakah?
(a) Rebbi Aba used to place money in his shawl and sling it over his
shoulder for the poor to take.
Answers to questions
How did he know that some dishonest person
would not come and help himself?
(b) On what grounds did Rebbi Chanina's wife tell her husband that the poor
man to whom he would send four Zuzim each Erev Shabbos did not really need
(c) Why was Rebbi Chanina grateful to him and to other swindlers like him?
(d) What did Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah extrapolate from the Pasuk in Re'ei
"Hishamer Lecha Pen Yihyeh Davar im Levavcha Beliya'al" in conjunction with
the Pasuk there "Yatz'u Anashim B'nei Beliya'al"?