REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Kesuvos 61
KESUVOS 61 - dedicated by Uri Wolfson and Naftali Wilk in honor of Rav
Mordechai Rabin of Har Nof, a true beacon of Torah and Chesed.
(a) To whom does one listen if a man wants ...
(b) How does ...
- ... to hire a wet-nurse for their baby but his wife wants to feed him herself?
- ... his wife to feed but she does not want to (assuming that it is not her family Minhag to do so)?
- ... his wife to feed but she does not want to (assuming that it is her family Minhag to do so but not his)?
- ... Rav Huna learns this from the Pasuk in Vayeira "ve'Hi Be'ulas Ba'al".
- ... Rebbi Elazar learn it from the Pasuk in Bereishis "Ki Hi Haysah Eim Kol Chai"?
(a) Why does a woman who brings in ...
1. ... one Shifchah become exempt from grinding, baking and washing clothes,
but not from all other Melachos? Why can she not claim that that is why she
brought in a Shifchah?
(b) Then why can he not present the same argument when she brings in four
2. ... two Shefachos also become exempt from cooking and feeding her baby,
but not from all other Melachos?
3. ... three Shefachos also exempt from making her husband's bed and working
in wool, but not from all other Melachos? Why can the woman not retort that,
having brought in an extra Shifchah, she should be exempt from all Melachos?
(a) In which way is the Din pertaining to the number of Shefachos that the
woman brings in not literal?
(b) What does the Tana of the Beraisa mean when he writes that 'Tzimtzemah
Lo mi'she'Lah' is the same as bringing in a Shifchah (as part of the
Nedunyah) see Tosfos DH 've'Achas'.
(c) Which three Melachos does Rav Yitzchak bar Chananya Amar Rav Huna
'obligate' a woman to perform on behalf of her husband irrespective of how
many Shefachos she may have? Is this really an obligation on her part?
(d) Under which circumstances does Rav Yitzchak bar Chananya Amar Rav Huna
forbid the same three Melachos?
(a) Under which conditions does Rava permit a woman who is a Nidah to spread
the sheet on her husband's bed?
(b) Under which conditions did Shmuel's wife pour him a cup of wine during
her days of Libun? What are the days of Libun?
(c) What common method did Rava, Abaye and Rav Papa employ to permit a Nidah
to pour her husband a cup of wine?
(a) Rav Huna states that most foods can safely be served to the Shamash when
the guests have finished eating. The two exceptions are (juicy) meat and
(old) wine (Rav Chisda).
Why is that?
(b) This Halachah vis-a-vis meat applies all the year round.
When does the
Halachah regarding wine apply?
(c) Similar incidents occurred to Rav Anan bar Tachlifa when he was once
standing in front of Shmuel whom they served a certain species of mushroom,
and to Rav Ashi when they served Rav Kahana slices of turnip.
happened to both of them?
(d) According to Rav Papa, this extends even to fat dates.
conditions does a food require to fall into this category?
(a) Avuhah bar Ihi and Menimin bar Ihi differed slightly in the way they
would serve the waiters who served their Se'udos.
Why would Eliyahu appear
to one of them but not to the other?
(b) And on what grounds would Eliyahu appear to one of those two Chasidim
(possibly Rav Mari and Rav Pinchas, sons of Rav Chisda) and not to the
other? How did they differ in the way *they* treated the waiters who served
(a) What happened to Mar Zutra when Azgur Malka's household manager passed
by holding a tray of food to serve at the royal table? What did Rav Ashi do?
Answers to questions
(b) How did he vindicate his act to the royal guards when they questioned
him as to why he had spoiled the king's food?
(c) What did Rav Ashi say to them when, upon inspection, they were unable to
verify his accusation? Was it finally substantiated?
(d) He explained that he was not relying on a miracle, when he leveled the
(a) What did that Roman do when the woman refused to accept his proposal for
(b) What happened to her?
(c) How did he get her to accept?
(d) How did he then cure her?
(a) The author of our Mishnah which requires a woman to manufacture *woolen*
clothes (but not linen ones), is Rebbi Yehudah.
On what grounds does Rebbi
Yehudah differentiate between wool and linen? Why should she not have to
manufacture linen clothes?
(b) The Tana of the Beraisa does not require the woman to serve her
husband's father or his son. Why may her husband not instruct her to place
straw in front of his animal?
(c) Why then, may he instruct her to place straw in front of his cattle?
(a) According to Rav Chanina Brei de'Rav Ika, the author of 'Sh'fod',
'Shefachos' (our case) and 'Gumos' is Rav Malkiyo; of 'B'luris', 'Eifer
Makleh' and 'Gevinah', Rav Malkiya.
What does Rav Papa say? What is the
meaning of the Si'man 'Masnita Malkesa'?
(b) Over which case are they arguing?
(c) Seeing as both Rebbi Eliezer and Raban Shimon ben Gamliel agree that a
woman is never exempt from work, what is the difference whether it is
because idleness leads to adultery or to senility?
(a) If a man makes a Neder forbidding Tashmish with his wife, Beis Shamai
allow a maximum of two weeks.
What do Beis Hillel say?
(b) Bearing in mind the Pasuk in Mishpatim "ve'Onasah Lo Yigra", how is such
a Neder valid anyway?
(c) What happens if someone makes a Neder for a longer period than that?
(d) Talmidim are permitted to leave home to study Torah without express
permission from their wives, for thirty days.
What is the maximum time
period allowed to workers?
(a) Rebbi Eliezer gives the Shiur Onah for all the different groups of
What is Onah?
(b) The Onah of Tayalim (which will be explained later in the Sugya) is
every day, workers, twice weekly and ass-drivers, once a week.
What is the
Onah of ...
- ... camel-drivers?
- ... sailors?
(a) Beis Shamai in our Mishnah learn two weeks (by Neder) from a woman who
gives birth to a girl (and who is Tamei for two weeks).
On what grounds do
we reject the original contention, that Beis Hillel's source for one week is
a woman who gave birth to a boy?
(b) So we conclude that Beis Hillel's source is a Nidah (who is forbidden to
her husband for one week).
Why do ...
(c) According to Rav, Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue when the man
specifically mentioned the respective time period of each party, but not if
he made the Neder S'tam.
- ... Beis Hillel prefer to learn the Din of Neder from a Nidah rather than from a woman who gave birth to a girl?
- ... Beis Shamai prefer to learn the Din of Neder from a woman who gave birth to a girl rather than from a Nidah?
Why is that? What will the Din be there?
(d) Why does Shmuel disagree with Rav? On what grounds does he establish the
Machlokes even by S'tam?
(a) What does the Mishnah in ha'Madir say about a man who makes a Neder
forbidding his wife from having Hana'ah from him? How does the Tana
differentiate between up to thirty days and more than thirty days?
Answers to questions
(b) Rav and Shmuel are involved in the same Machlokes there (regarding
S'tam) as they are here, and for the same reasons, apparently duplicating
their views here.
Why might we have thought that, had Rav said by S'tam
that he must send his wife away and pay her Kesuvah in our case, he might
nevertheless agree with Shmuel in ha'Madir?