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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Kesuvos 54


(a) Rava asks whether the daughter of an Arusah receives Mezonos or not. What is the case?

(b) What are the two sides of the She'eilah?

(c) What is the alternative way of explaining it?

(d) What is the outcome of the She'eilah?

(a) Rav Papa asks whether the daughter of a woman who was raped and who subsequently married the rapist will receive Mezonos or not.
Why is this She'eilah restricted to the Rabbanan, but not relevant according to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah. What does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah say?

(b) What do the Rabbanan hold?

(c) One side of the She'eilah is that since there is no Kesuvah, there is no T'nai Kesuvah either.
What is the other side? Why might the daughter nevertheless be entitled to 'B'nan Nukvan'?

(a) One of the conditions of the Kesuvah is 'At Tehei Yasva be'Veisi u'Miszana mi'Nechsi'.
What does the Tana quoted by Rav Yosef infer from the word 'be'Veisi'?

(b) According to Mar bar Rav Ashi (whose opinion we generally follow), she does not receive Mezonos either.
Why is that?

(c) Why does Rav Yosef then argue with him?

(d) Is the Halachah like Mar bar Rav Ashi in this case?

(a) Rav Nachman Amar Shmuel says that, from the moment that the daughter accepts her suitor's proposal, she no longer receives Mezonos (from her father's estate).
How does Rav Anan explain the inference that if she declines the proposal, she continues to be fed?

(b) According to Rav Chisda, a girl who has relations with a man, no longer receives Mezonos.
What does Rav Yosef say?

(c) On what grounds does Rav Yosef disagree with Rav Chisda?

(d) The Halachah is not like either of them, but like Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel.
What does *he* say?

(a) How do we reconcile Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel with the Tana, who says in a Beraisa that a woman who sells her Kesuvah, or who gives it as collateral or as an Apotiki no longer receives Mezonos?

(b) What is an Apotiki?

(a) Bavel and the surrounding areas followed the opinion of Rav, who ruled like the men of Yehudah in our Mishnah ('ad she'Yirtzu ha'Yorshin Liten Lach K'suvasech').
Whose opinion did Neherda'a and its surrounding areas follow?

(b) What objection did the Rabbanan raise when Rav Nachman told a woman from Mechuza that, seeing as she was from Bavel, she was obligated to follow the opinion of the B'nei Bavel (and lose her Mezonos from the moment that the Yesomim offered to pay her Kesuvah)?

(c) How did Rav Nachman know that she was from Mechuza?

(d) How did they gauge the exact border between Neherda'a and the rest of Bavel?

(a) What does Rav mean when he says that one assesses the clothes that an Almanah is wearing?

(b) What does Shmuel say?

(c) According to Rav Chiya bar Avin, they switch their views by a Lakit. What does he mean?

(d) And what did Rav Kahana mean by the Si'man 'Yasma ve'Armalta Shalach u'Puk'?

(a) What does the Mishnah in Erchin (regarding someone who is Makdish his property or is Ma'arich himself) say about the clothes that his wife and children have already worn, the clothes that he specifically dyed on their behalf and the new shoes that he bought them?

(b) How does this Mishnah appear to support Shmuel's opinion regarding his Machlokes with Rav (concerning assessing the clothes of an Almanah who claims her Kesuvah)?

(c) Then why did Rav Nachman rule like Rav?

(a) What caused the daughter-in-law of Bei bar Elyashiv to wear all the clothes that her deceased husband had left her?

(b) What did Ravina subsequently rule?

(c) What did ...

1. ... Rav Idi bar Avin rule when a father designated clothes for his daughter's dowry, and the clothes depreciated? Did he obligate the heirs to make up the deficiency?
2. ... Rav Yosef rule when a father designated four hundred Zuz worth of wine for his daughter's dowry, and the price of the wine rose? Who benefitted from the rise?
Answers to questions



(a) A relation of Rebbi Yochanan complained to him that his dying father's wife ate excessive amounts of Mezonos.
What advice did Rebbi Yochanan give him? What has this to do with a Mishnah in Pei'ah ('ha'Kosev Kol Nechasav le'Banav ... ')?

(b) Considering that the designation was made orally and not in writing, what was the advice worth?

(c) Resh Lakish was unimpressed with Rebbi Yochanan's ruling.
What did he mean when he ordered them to give the woman even more?

(d) In spite of the fact that Rebbi Yochanan himself respected Resh Lakish's opinion, Rebbi Avahu defended him.
What distinction did Rebbi Avahu draw between 'li'Mezonos' and 'bi'Mezonos'?

***** Hadran Alach, Na'arah *****

***** Perek Af-Al-Pi *****


(a) The Tana of our Mishnah permits adding to the Manah u'Masayim that Chazal instituted in the Kesuvah of a Besulah and a Be'ulah respectively. Is there a limit as to how much one may add?

(b) Why is it necessary to tell us this? Why should it *not* be permitted?

(c) According to the Tana Kama, if her husband dies or divorces her, irrespective of whether they were married or merely betrothed, the woman receives her full Kesuvah.
What does Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah say?

(d) Rebbi Yehudah permits a man to write a full Kesuvah and the woman writes that she has already received half.
What does Rebbi Meir say?

(a) What do we infer from the Lashon of the Mishnah 'Ratzah Lehosif ... '?
What should the Tana have otherwise written?

(b) This is a proof for Rebbi Yanai.
What does Rebbi Yanai say about T'nai Kesuvah?

Answers to questions

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