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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Kesuvos 50


(a) According to Rebbi Ila'a, they decreed in Usha that a person should not give more than a fifth of his profits for Tzedakah.
Why is that?

(b) According to some, Rebbi Yesheivav stopped his colleague from spending more than a fifth for Tzedakah; according to others, it was his colleague who stopped him.
What was the name of his colleague?

(c) The proof from Ya'akov Avinu's statement "Aser A'asrenu Lach" initially appears inaccurate.

(d) How do we explain the Pasuk in order to establish the proof?

(a) What is the significance of the Si'man (regarding the three statements of Rebbi Ila'a) 'Ketanim Kasvu u'Bizbezu'?

(b) Rav Yitzchak cites another Takanah that they instituted in Usha.
What did they say about a man and his son of twelve?

(c) What did Rav tell Rav Shmuel bar Shilas (a children's Rebbe) with regard to a child up to and beyond the age of six?

(d) We initially differentiate between 'stuffing him like an ox' and using punishment as an aid to teaching.
What other distinction do we make between the two age groups to resolve the apparent contradiction?

(a) Abaye's nanny taught him many things. The age that a child should begin learning Mikra (with a Rebbe) is six, she told him.
what is the correct age to start teaching him Mishnah?

(b) What is the minimum age to begin fasting full-day ...

  1. ... for a boy?
  2. ... for a girl?
(a) Up to which age is a scorpion-sting lethal (if left unattended)?

(b) The antidote for this is the gall of a white vulture.
What does one do with it?

(c) A wasp-sting too, is lethal on a baby in his first year. The antidote is applied in the same way as the previous one.
What is the antidote?

(a) According to the first version of a statement of Rav Ketina, someone who sends his son to Cheder before the age of six is heading for trouble. What is the second version of his statement?

(b) How might one apply both versions of Rav Ketina's statement simultaneously?

(c) Alternatively, each one will apply to a different child.
How is that?

(a) Which Takanah did the Beis-Din of Usha institute with regard to a woman who sold her Nichsei mi'Lug during her husband's lifetime?

(b) How did Rav Yitzchak bar Yosef react when Rebbi Avahu told him that the master of Sugyos regarding the Takanos of Usha was Rebbi Yossi bar Chanina?

(c) The Rabbis of Yavneh or Rebbi Eliezer explain that the Pasuk in Tehilim, which talks about someone who performs Tzedakah all the time, refers to someone who feeds his small children.
How does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeini explain it?

(a) Rav Huna and Rav Chisda argue over the interpretation of the Pasuk in Tehilim "Hon ve'Osher be'Veiso, ve'Tzidkaso Omedes La'ad".
According to one of them, it refers to someone who learns Torah and teaches it to others. How does the other one interpret it?

(b) Why can this Pasuk not refer to Tzedakah?

(c) Another Pasuk in Tehilim says "u'Re'ei Vanim le'Vanecha, Shalom al Yisrael". According to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi, this refers to the fact that grandchildren dispense with the need for Chalitzah or Yibum (the cause of much strife).
How does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeini explain it?

Answers to questions



(a) Based on Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah's D'rashah in our Mishnah, which seemingly strange comparison did Rav Hamnuna make between the inheritance of the sons and the sustenance of the daughters?

(b) In fact, it was the Talmidim who misunderstood him. Rav Yosef however, knew exactly what he meant.
How did he explain the statement? To which kind of inheritance was Rav Hamnuna referring?

(c) What would happen to the K'suvas B'nin Dichrin in the event of the wife's death, if her husband had not left her Karka (immobile property)? In which case would the problem arise?

(a) Rav permitted some orphan-girls to claim 'me'Chiti de'Aliyah', from wheat, which is Metaltelin (mobile property) after his death. 'de'Aliyah' may refer to the Din of Shmuel, who said 'le'Parnasah Shamin be'Av'. What does this mean? How does that explain the word 'de'Aliyah'?

(b) Alternatively, 'de'Aliyah' refers to a statement of Rav Yitzchak bar Yosef.
What did *he* say? How does that explain the word 'de'Aliyah'?

(c) Why is it a Chidush to learn this second explanation?

(d) How do we reject the proof from Rebbi Bana'i the brother of Rebbi Chiya bar Aba, whom Shmuel instructed 'Zil Zon'! that Rav was referring to Mezonos?

(a) The Dayanim of Neherda'a claimed Mezonos (for the daughters) from Metaltelin.
What did Rav Nachman threaten Rav Chana bar Bizna when he did likewise in Pumbedisa?

(b) When Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi wanted to do the same thing, Rebbi Ya'akov bar Idi pointed out to him that if Rebbi Yochanan and Resh Lakish did not deign to do so, how could he!
What did Rebbi Shimon ben Elyakim say to Rebbi Elazar when he wanted to do likewise?

(c) When Rav Yosef instructed an orphan to sustain his sister from the dates lying on the mats, Abaye objected that one wouldn't even give Metaltelin to a creditor.
What did he mean by that?

(d) What advantage does a creditor have over a daughter (in this respect)?

(a) Rav Yosef replied that he did not mean the dates that were actually lying on the mats.
Then what *did* he mean?

(b) What further objection did Abaye raise?

(c) How did Rav Yosef finally justify his ruling?

Answers to questions

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