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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Kesuvos 20

KESUVOS 20 (14 Nisan) - The Dafyomi study material for the day of "Hakravas Korban Pesach" has been generously sponsored by an anonymous donor. May we all merit to eat to satiation "from the Zevachim and the Pesachim" -- bi'Meherah!


(a) Rav Nachman ruled in the previous case like Rav Ashi regarding 'Nechsei de'bar Shatya'.
What is the case of 'Nechsei de'bar Shatya'? What did Rav Ashi rule there?

(b) How do we qualify Rav Ashi's ruling? In which case, would bar Shatya lose the field?

(a) Hazamah not in the presence of the defendants is not valid.
What does Rebbi Avahu rule with regard to ...
  1. ... Hakchashah not in their presence?
  2. ... Hazamah not in their presence?
(b) We cited a Beraisa on the previous Amud 've'Im Yesh Eidim ... O she'Hayah K'sav Yadam Yotzei mi'Makom Acher *mi'Shtar she'Kara Alav Ir'er* ve'Huchzak be'Beis-Din, Ein Eilu Ne'emanim'. This supports a statement of Rebbi Asi.
What does Rebbi Asi say?

(c) Neherda'i require the witnesses' signature to be substantiated from two Kesuvos or from two Sh'taros documenting the sale of two fields.
What do they add to the latter?

(d) Rav Shimi bar Ashi qualifies both cases further that the two pairs of signatures with which the signatures are being compared must not come from the same person.
Why should the fact that the documents are not under his jurisdiction make any difference? Why can he not go to the other person's house and learn the signature just the same?

(a) The Beraisa permits writing down one's testimony in order to help recall it when necessary.
What does Rav Huna mean when he says 've'Hu she'Zochrah me'Atzmo'?

(b) What does Rebbi Yochanan say? Is he then permitted to simply read the testimony from the paper on which he wrote it?

(c) Which Halachah does Rava derive from Rebbi Yochanan's leniency?

(a) Rav Chaviva permits a witness to testify even if it is the litigant himself who reminds him of his testimony.
What does Mar Brei de'Rav Ashi say?

(b) The Halachah is like Mar Brei de'Rav Ashi.
When do we nevertheless accept Rav Chaviva's opinion?

(c) What happened when Rav Ashi was called to testify for Rav Kahana, but forgot his testimony?

Answers to questions



(a) What are 'T'luli'os'?

(b) Why are mounds that are distant from the town and from the road ...

  1. ... Tahor if they are new?
  2. ... Tamei if they are old?
(c) Then why are mounds that are close to the town or to the road Tamei even if they are new?
(a) Rebbi Meir considers close to be fifty Amos and old, sixty years.
What does Rebbi Yehudah consider ...
  1. ... close?
  2. ... old?
(b) Why does Rebbi Yehudah consider a mound distant just because there is another one closer by?

(c) What did Resh Lakish say that forces us to explain 'town' and 'road' in the previous Beraisa differently than usual?

(d) So how *does* Rebbi Zeira explain them?

(a) We learned in the Mishnah that mounds that are close to the town or to the road Tamei even if they are new.
How do we explain 'Derech Beis ha'K'varos' in that light?

(b) Why can we not explain 'Ir ha'Semuchah le'Beis ha'K'varos' in the same way?

(c) So we establish it with regard to women who would sometimes bury their stillborn children there.
Why does Rebbi Meir then give a limit of fifty Amos? What would the women do if it were further away than that?

(d) Who else, besides the mother of a stillborn baby, would use this pile for the same purpose?

8) On what grounds do we refute Rav Chisda's proof from Rebbi Meir in the above Beraisa, that a person will remember testimony up to sixty years, but no longer?


(a) If one witness testifies that the one signature on a document is his and the other is his friend's, and his friend does likewise, they are believed. What does Rebbi say about each one testifying on his own signature, without recognizing his friend's signature?

(b) What do the Chachamim say?

Answers to questions

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