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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Kesuvos 17

KESUVOS 16-19 - have been anonymously dedicated by a unique Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah living in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.


(a) According to Beis Shamai in a Beraisa, one sings the praises of the Kalah the way she is.
What do Beis Hillel say?

(b) On what grounds do Beis Shamai argue with Beis Hillel?

(c) How do Beis Hillel's counter that?

(d) What important principle do we learn from Beis Hillel?

(a) What did the B'nei Eretz Yisrael mean when they would sing in front of the Kalah the 'Lo K'chal ve'Lo Sh'rak ve'Lo Pirchus, ve'Ya'alas Chein'?

(b) What does 'Pirchus' mean?

(c) On what occasion did they sing this refrain in front of Rebbi Zeira?

(d) When Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi received their Semichah, the people sang 'Kol min Dein ve'Chol min Dein S'muchu Lanu, ve'Lo min Sarmisin ... '. 'Sarmisin' are people who twist the Halachos and 'Sarmitin', rags.
What are ...

  1. ... 'Chamisin'?
  2. ... 'Turmisin'?
(a) When Rebbi Avahu went from the Yeshivah to the king's palace, the maidservants would go out to greet him with the words 'Rebbi of his people, leader of his nation ... '.
How did they conclude?

(b) Why did they describe him as a candelabra?

(a) When Rebbi Yehudah danced in front of a Kalah, what did he ...
  1. ... sing?
  2. ... hold?
(b) Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah followed in his footsteps.
Why did he hold three Badei ha'Das?

(c) Rebbi Zeira viewed Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah's behaviour as degrading (like Michal viewed David's wild dancing before the Aron).
How was he ultimately proved wrong?

(d) How often does such a miracle occur?

(a) Rav Acha would actually dance with the Kalah on his shoulders.
What did he reply when they asked him whether they should take their cue from him and do likewise?

(b) The Halachah is not like Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeini Amar Rebbi Yonasan. What did he rule with regard to looking at the Kalah?

(a) What is the order of precedence if a Meis who is being taken to burial, a Kalah on her way to the Chupah and a king, converge upon the same spot? Which of these is obligated to step aside, to give the other right of way?

(b) Should the first two meet, is their separation mandatory?

(c) On what grounds did the Chachamim praise King Agripas for making way for a Kalah on her way to the Chupah?

(d) Why would this otherwise have been unjustifiable? What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim "Som Tasim Alecha Melech"?

(a) One may and (must) stop learning Torah in order to accompany a dead person and for the Mitzvah of Hachnasas Kalah.
Who is recorded as having actually done so?

(b) When is one not obligated (or even permitted) to stop learning in order to accompany a dead person?

(c) Rav Shmuel bar Eini Amar Rav defines 'Kol Tzorcho' in one of two ways: *one* of them is twelve thousand men plus six thousand Shofar blowers. What is the *other*?

(d) Ula defines it as sufficient people to fill the space from the gates of the town until the grave.
How does Rav Sheishes define it?

(a) The above applies to someone who *learned* Torah (see Tosfos DH 'Hani Mili').
What is the minimum Shiur for someone who ...
  1. ... *taught* it?
  2. ... did not even learn it.
(b) What constitutes the Mitzvah of Hachnasas Kalah in the current Sugya?
Answers to questions



(a) Surchav bar Papa quoting Ze'iri, interprets 'Heinuma' as 'Tanura de'Asa'.
What is 'Tanura de'Asa'?

(b) How does Rebbi Yochanan interpret 'Heinuma'?

(c) The Simanim in our Mishnah pertain to Yehudah. Rav explained that, in Bavel, the Si'man of a Besulah was 'Dardugi de'Mishcha Reisha de'Rabbanan'. What does that mean? How did Rav Papa understand it?

(d) Having learned earlier that an Almanah requires an independent Si'man, how would one know, in Yehudah, that a woman was an Almanah when she married (see Tosfos DH 'Almanah')?

(a) What problem do we have with Rebbi Yehoshua in our Mishnah, who gives the example of 'ha'Peh she'Asar' as a man who purchased a field from his friend's father?

(b) We answer that, had the Tana discussed a case where the purchaser claimed to have bought the field from his *friend* directly (rather than from his father), there would be a problem with the Seifa (where he is not believed because there are witnesses that the field had belonged to his father).
What would be the problem?

(c) What is a Chazakah on a field, and how does it work?

(a) Having established the Mishnah where he claims that the field was purchased from his friend's father, the Chidush in the Seifa concurs with Rav Huna's statement.
What does Rav Huna say?

(b) Rav Huna appears to be informing us what we already know from a Mishnah. He might just be pointing out what the Mishnah does not say explicitly, but he might also be teaching us something that is not apparent in the Mishnah at all.
What is that?

(a) It is possible to find a similar case of Chazakah with the owner himself, when he fled after the purchaser had eaten two years out of the three.
Why could the Mishnah not present such a case, when the owner fled because his life was in danger?

(b) We reject the suggestion that the Tana could have presented us with a case when the owner fled due to monetary problems, because then, he should still have made a 'Mecha'ah', failing which, the 'purchaser' will be believed.
But how could he make a Mecha'ah when he is so far away?

(c) We infer that a Mecha'ah she'Lo be'Fanav *is* a Mecha'ah from a case in the Mishnah in Bava Basra, where it is *not*.
Which case is that? What are the Shalosh Artzos?

(a) Seeing as 'Mecha'ah she'Lo be'Fanav Havi Mecha'ah' only because of travellers who go from one place to the others, why should there be a difference between one province and two provinces?

(b) Does this mean that within one province, there is a Chazakah even when there is a state of war between them? Why does the Tana mention specifically the three provinces?

Answers to questions

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