REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Kesuvos 15
KESUVOS 15 (9 Nisan 5760) - sponsored by Alex and Helen Gross of Rechavya,
Jerusalem in honour of the birth of their granddaughter -- Mazel Tov! May
their love of Torah and their fellow Jews continue to be a living example
for all of their descendants, "Ad Me'ah v'Esrim"!
(a) Rav Nachman establishes Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri in our Mishnah (who
requires the majority of the town's inhabitants' wives and daughters to be
Kasher li'Kehunah for the raped girl to be Kasher too) 'bi'K'ronos shel
Tzipori', adding 'u'che'de'Rebbi Ami ... u'che'de'Rebbi Yanai ... '. What
Rov does Rebbi Ami add to that of Rov Anshei ha'Ir Masi'in li'Kehunah'?
(b) And what does Rebbi Yanai mean when he says 'Niv'eles bi'K'ronos,
Kesheirah li'Kehunah' (suggesting that the rape took place in the caravan)?
(c) What would the Din then be had we known that it was a resident from the
town (which had a Rov Masi'in li'Kehunah) that raped her?
(a) When Rav Dimi Amar Ze'iri Amar Rebbi Chanina ... arrived from Eretz
Yisrael, he said 'Holchin Achar Rov ha'Ir, ve'Ein Holchin Achar Rov Si'ah'.
Why is that statement unacceptable?
(b) Then what did he really say?
(c) In which case of Rov ha'Ir should the woman really be permitted no less
than Rov Si'ah?
(d) Then why did Rebbi Yehoshua not permit either of them?
(a) What will be the Din if someone ...
1. ... purchased a piece of meat from a butcher in a town where nine
butchers sell Kasher meat, and one, non-Kasher meat, and (presumably unaware
of the existence of the non-Kasher store) he cannot recall from which store
(b) In the latter case, will it make any difference whether the gates of the
city were open (creating the possibility that the meat came from a passing
butcher or from another butcher in the same country [of whom the majority
2. ... finds a piece of meat lying on the street in the same town?
(c) Then why does Rebbi Yehoshua require a double Rov in our Mishnah?
(a) Does Rebbi Zeira, who teaches us the Din of 'Kol Kavu'a ke'Mechtzah al
Mechtzah Dami', make a distinction between le'Kula and le'Chumra?
(b) Why is the Beraisa, which forbids the meat that one purchased from a
butcher in a town where nine stores sold Kasher meat, and one non-Kasher
meat, not an absolute source for Rebbi Zeira's principle?
(c) Is the Beraisa which renders Tamei someone who touched one out of a pile
of nine frogs and one toad a better source?
(d) Then what *is* the source for Rebbi Zeira's principle? Where does the
case occur, in a Reshus ha'Yachid or in a Reshus ha'Rabim?
(a) What does Rebbi Shimon learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim "ve'Arav Lo
(b) 've'Rabbanan Amri de'Bei Rebbi Yanai P'rat le'Zorek Even le'Gav'. Why
can this not be speaking when ...
(c) Then what is the case? What do we learn from there?
- ... the majority of the group are Nochrim?
- ... half were Jews and half are Nochrim?
(a) Rav Chiya bar Ashi rules like Rebbi Yossi (and Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri)
in our Mishnah.
Answers to questions
What does Rav Chanan bar Rava Amar Rav say?
(b) Rebbi Yirmiyah asked on them from a Mishnah in Machshirin which (Rav
explains) does not permit a castaway child whom one found in a town with a
majority of Jews to marry li'Kehunah (on the basis of one majority).
did Rebbi Yirmiyah interpret our Mishnah, and what did ...
(c) What was his mistake?
- ... Rav Chiya bar Ashi rule?
- ... Rav Chanan bar Rava Amar Rav say?
(d) What does ...
- ... Rav Chiya bar Ashi really rule?
- ... Rav Chanan bar Rava Amar Rav really say? How will we reconcile that statement of Rav with Rav himself, who comments, with regard to the Beraisa of 'Matza Bah Tinok' 'Aval le'Yuchsin, Lo'?
(a) We just cited the Mishnah in Machshirin: that if one finds a baby in a
town which has a majority of Jews, assuming that it is a girl, one majority
is insufficient to permit her to marry a Kohen.
Why does the Tana not
contend with the possibility that the baby may be a foundling (in which case
she would be Pasul li'Kehunah anyway)?
(b) When Rav comments 'Lo Shanu Ela le'Hachyoso, Aval le'Yuchsin, Lo', he is
referring to the case of 'Rov Yisrael' (as we just explained).
Shmuel, who comments 'af Mefakchin Alav es ha'Gal', not be referring to the
(c) So to which case is he referring? What is he in fact, saying?
(a) According to Shmuel's previous statement, in which regard does the Tana
consider the child to be a Nochri, by Rov Nochrim?
(b) What about returning him a lost article or with regard to the Din of
(c) And in which regard does the Tana rule 'Im Rov Yisrael, Yisrael'?
(d) Besides the fact that one is depriving the finder of the article, what
might be wrong with giving him the lost article to this child?
(a) The Tana says 'Mechtzah al Mechtzah Yisrael regarding damages, explains
***** Hadran Alach Besulah Niseis *****
What is the difference between a Jew and a Nochri in this
(b) Why can the Tana not be referring to a case where an ox belonging to a
Jew gored one belonging to a Nochri?
(c) Then to which case *does* it refer?
***** ha'Ishah she'Nis'armelah *****
(a) If a divorced woman claims that when her husband married her she was a
Besulah, and he claims that she was an Almanah, she will receive a Manah,
unless she can produce witnesses.
What will the witnesses need to testify
to enable her to receive two hundred Zuz?
(b) What will the Din be if her husband died, and she has the same argument
with his heirs?
(c) What sign that she was a Besulah does Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah add to
that of the Tana Kama?
(a) Rebbi Yehoshua concedes that 'ha'Peh she'Asar Hu ha'Peh she'Hitir' is
Answers to questions
What is the case?
(b) Why is he believed?
(c) When will he not be believed in this case?