POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Kesuvos 82
KESUVOS 82 - dedicated by Mrs. Rita Grunberger of Queens, N.Y., in loving
memory of her husband, Reb Yitzchok Yakov ben Eliyahu Grunberger.
1) CAN A YAVAM GIVE THE PROPERTY OF THE DECEASED?
2) THE RESULTS OF YIBUM
1. (Beraisa - R. Nasan): "To the one Asham (the
principle) belongs" - this teaches, if Shimon owes
money to David, and David to Moshe, we take money
from Shimon to pay Moshe.
(b) Answer: Rather, the Beraisa is erroneous because we do
not find a Tana that holds of 2 stringencies (favoring
collection) of a Kesuvah.
1. We only find R. Meir, (who says it may be collected
from Metaltelim) or R. Nasan, (who says it may be
collected from one who borrowed from the husband).
(c) A woman fell to Yibum; the younger brother planned to
give her a Get, to prevent the older brother from doing
2. (Rava): Now I understand what I had heard Abaye say
- 'This is erroneous'.
1. Older brother: Why do you want to do that? So I
should not inherit our brother's property myself? I
will split it with you!
(d) Mar Bar Rav Ashi: Here, the division is void; this is
unlike R. Yochanan's law.
2. Younger brother: I am afraid you will do as the
trickster of Pumbadisa (81B)!
3. Older brother: If you want, I will divide the
property with you now!
1. (Rav Dimi citing R. Yochanan): 'Drag this cow, but
it is not yours until 30 days from now' - 30 days
from now he acquires it, even if it is in a swamp!
(e) Contradiction: Ravin quoted R. Yochanan as saying that
the cow is not acquired in 30 days!
2. There, he could give the cow now; here, the Yavam
cannot give the property (until he does Yibum and
(f) Answer: Rav Dimi spoke in a case when he said 'acquire
from now'; in Ravin's case, he did not say this.
(g) Question #1: If he did Yibum and then divided the
property, is the division valid?
(h) Answer (Ula): No.
(i) Question #2: If he divided the property and then did
Yibum, is the division valid?
(j) Answer (Ula): No.
1. Question: After hearing the 1st answer, it is
obvious that the division is void in the 2nd case!
(k) (Ravin): Whether he did Yibum and then divided the
property or vice-versa, the division is void.
2. Answer: These questions were asked in cases that
arose (the 2nd questioner had not heard the 1st
1. This is the law.
(a) (Mishnah): Chachamim say, attached fruit is his.
(b) Question: Why is this? There is a lien on all property of
the deceased to pay the Kesuvah!
(c) Correction (Reish Lakish): The Mishnah should say, 'It is
(d) (Mishnah): If he does Yibum, she is as his wife.
(e) Question: What does this teach?
(f) Answer (R. Yosi Bar Chanina): That he may divorce her
with a Get, and he may remarry her.
(g) Objection: Of course he may divorce her with a Get!
(h) Answer: One might have thought, "He will do Yibum with
her" - she is still as a Yevamah, and a Get does not
suffice to divorce her, rather Chalitzah is needed!
1. The Mishnah teaches, this is not so.
(i) Objection: Of course, he may remarry her!
(j) Answer: one might have thought, he performed the Mitzvah
the Torah put upon him, and she is again forbidden as a
3) THE KESUVAH OF A YEVAMAH
1. We hear, this is not so.
(k) Question: Why don't we say this?
(l) Answer: "He will take her as a wife" - once he takes her,
she is as his wife.
(a) (Mishnah): However, her Kesuvah is paid from the property
of the deceased.
4) THE ENACTMENT TO COLLECT A KESUVAH FROM ALL PROPERTY
(b) Question: Why is this?
(c) Answer: This wife was acquired to him by Heaven (so he
should not have to pay her Kesuvah from his own
1. If she cannot collect a Kesuvah from the property of
the deceased, she gets it from the Yavam, so it
should not be light in his eyes to divorce her.
(d) (Mishnah): He should not say, your Kesuvah (is on the
(e) Question: Why does the Mishnah continue, 'Similarly, a
man should not tell his wife...'?
(f) Answer: One might have thought, by a Yevamah, he did not
write, 'There is a lien on all property I acquired and
will acquire to pay your Kesuvah', so he should not
designate money; but by a regular wife, he does write
this, he may designate, since she is confident of
1. We hear, this is not so.
(g) (Mishnah): If he divorces her, she only collects her
1. Only after he divorces her - before this, all the
property must be preserved to pay her Kesuvah, as R.
Aba taught (81A).
(h) (Mishnah): If he remarries her, she is as any woman, and
only collects her Kesuvah.
(i) Question: Why is this needed - we learn this in a later
1. (Mishnah): One who divorced his wife and remarried
her, it is understood that he remarries her on
condition that she only has her original Kesuvah.
(j) Answer: One might have thought, this is only by a regular
wife, since he wrote the original Kesuvah; but a Yevamah,
he did not write the original Kesuvah, one would think
that he now writes her an additional Kesuvah.
1. We hear, this is not so.
(a) (Rav Yehudah): Initially, there was no lien on property
to pay a Kesuvah; men did not find women to marry, until
Shimon Ben Shetach enacted a lien on all a man's property
to pay the Kesuvah.
(b) Support (Beraisa): Initially, there was no lien on
property to pay a Kesuvah; men did not find women to
1. They enacted that he would leave the Kesuvah (100 or
200 Zuz) in her father's house; this caused that a
man that got angry at his wife would divorce her
(since the money was out of his hands anyway)
2. They enacted that he would leave the Kesuvah in his
i. For rich wives, the Kesuvah would be a silver
or gold basket; for poor wives, of copper.
3. Shimon Ben Shetach enacted a lien on all a man's
property to pay the Kesuvah.
ii. Still, when he got angry at his wife, he would