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Kesuvos 64


1. (Rav Kahana): Rava never resolved whether or not she forfeits the remnants.
i. Therefore, whatever she seized, we do not take from her; what she did not seize, we do not give to her!
(b) We make her wait 12 months before he gives her a Get; during this time, she is not fed.
(c) (Shmuel): We write a letter of rebellion against an engaged girl, but not against a Shomeres Yavam (a Yevamah waiting to do Yibum).
(d) Question (Beraisa): Whether she is engaged, married, even Nidah, even sick, even Shomeres Yavam ...
(e) Answer #1: When the Yavam demands to do Yibum, we write; when she demands, we do not write.
1. Objection: If so, it should say, we do/not write *for* an engaged girl/Yevamah!
2. Answer: We can say, that is indeed what Shmuel said.
3. Question: Why don't we write for a Yevamah - because she is not commanded to have children - the same applies to an engaged girl!
i. We must say - her claim is, she wants children to support her in her old age and to bury her when she dies - but a Yevamah has the same claim!
(f) Answer #2: In both the Beraisa and Shmuel's teaching, the Yavam demands; in the Beraisa, he demands to do Chalitzah; in Shmuel's teaching, he demands to do Yibum.
1. This is as R. Pedas: If he demands Chalitzah, we honor his claim; if he demands Yibum, we ignore his claim.
2. Question: Why do we distinguish?
i. When he demands Yibum, we tell him to marry a different girl - we can also tell him this when he demands Chalitzah!
3. Answer: He can say, people will not give me (their daughters) the whole time she is Shomeres Yavam.
4. Question: But he can also say this when he demands Yibum!
(g) Answer #3: In both cases, he demands to do Yibum; the Beraisa is as the 1st Mishnah, Shmuel is as the later Mishnah.
1. (Mishnah): At first, when people intended for the Mitzvah of Yibum, this was preferable to Chalitzah. Nowadays, that people do not intend for the Mitzvah, Chachamim say that Chalitzah is preferred.
(a) Question: How much is a Trape'ikin?
(b) Answer (Rav Sheshes): 1 Istira.
(c) Question: How much is an Istira?
(d) Answer: Half a Zuz.
1. (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): 3 Trape'ikin, which are 9 Ma'in, 1 1/2 Ma'in per day.
(e) Question (R. Chiya Bar Yosef): When she reels, we deduct from her Kesuvah corresponding to all 7 days of the week, including Shabbos - when he rebels, why do we only add to her Kesuvah for 6 weekdays, but not for Shabbos?
(f) Answer (Shmuel): When we subtract from her Kesuvah, it does not appear as wages for Shabbos; when we add to her Kesuvah, it appears as wages for Shabbos.

(g) Question (R. Chiya Bar Yosef): Why is a wife that rebels punished more than a husband that rebels?
(h) Answer #1 (Shmuel): We see by harlotry - men hire women (they desire relations more).
(i) Answer #2 (Shmuel): A man's desire is external, a woman's is internal (so she does not suffer shame).
(a) (Mishnah): One that feeds his wife through an intermediary must supply at least this much every week:
1. 2 Kabim of wheat, or 4 Kabim of barley;
i. R. Yosi says, only R. Yishmael says this, since he lived close to Edom.
2. 1/2 Kav of legumes;
3. 1/2 *Log* of oil;
4. A Kav of dried figs, or a Maneh of pressed figs;
i. If he cannot give these, he gives other fruits.
(b) He provides her with a bed, and mattress;
(c) He gives her a kerchief for her head and a belt;
(d) He gives her shoes every festival;
(e) He gives her clothing worth 50 Zuz each year; he does not give new clothing in summer, nor worn clothing in winter - rather, he gives 50 Zuz worth of new clothing in winter, and she wears the remnants in summer, and the remnants are hers;
(f) He gives her a silver Ma'ah each week for her needs;
(g) She eats with him every Shabbos night;
(h) If he does not give her a Ma'ah each week, she keeps her (excess) earnings;
(i) Each week, she is required to spin 5 Sela'im of Shesi threads (of wool) as measured in Yehudah, which is 10 Sela'im by the Galil measure;
1. Or, she can spin 10 Yehudah-Sela'im of Arev threads, which equals 20 Galil-Sela'im.
(j) If she was nursing, her workload is reduced and her rations are increased;
(k) This all applies to the poorest man in Yisrael - each man must increase according to his standing.
(l) (Gemara) Question: The Mishnah is not as R. Yochanan Ben Brokah, nor as R. Shimon!
1. (Mishnah - Question): What quantity constitutes 2 meals (for each person participating in Eruv Techumim)?
2. R. Meir says, (the amount of bread he eats in) 2 weekday meals; R. Yehudah says, in 2 Shabbos meals.
i. Both intend to be lenient.
3. R. Yochanan Ben Brokah says, a loaf bought for a Pundiyon when 4 Sa'in of wheat cost a Sela;
4. R. Shimon says, 2/3 of a loaf, and the loaf is 1/3 of a Kav.
5. Half of this amount is the size of a meal regarding a plagued house (if one stays in a plagued house long enough to eat this much, the clothes he is wearing become Tamei for 7 days).
6. Eating 1/4 of this amount of Tamei food disqualifies one from eating Trumah (until he immerses);
7. Food 1/8 of this amount can impart (some explain, can become Huchshar (prepared) to receive) Tumah.
i. The Mishnah cannot be R. Yochanan Ben Brokah - since he says 1/2 Kav suffices for 2 meals, 2 Kabim are only 8 meals (and she must eat 14 meals per week)!
ii. The Mishnah cannot be as R. Shimon - since he says 2/9 Kav makes 2 meals, 2 Kabim are 18 meals!
(m) Answer #1: The Mishnah is as R. Yochanan Ben Brokah - our calculation was imprecise, because the price of bread is more than the price of wheat!
1. (Rav Chisda): 1/3 of the price of bread is the grocer's profit.
i. Question: (According to this, 1/3 Kav makes 2 meals) - still, 2 Kabim are only 12 meals!
ii. Answer: She eats with him on Shabbos night, from his food.
iii. Objection #1: This only applies to the opinion that "eats" is literal; it does not answer for the opinion that it is a euphemism for relations!
iv. Objection #2: Even according to the former opinion - this only accounts for 13 meals!
2. Retraction: Rather, we rely on this teaching of Rav Chisda: 1/2 the price of bread is the grocer's mark-up.
3. Question: Rav Chisda contradicts himself!
4. Answer: When the grocer supplies the firewood, the mark-up is 1/2; when the buyer gave the wood, the mark-up is 1/3.
5. Question: (If so, 1/4 Kav wheat makes 2 meals) - 2 Kabim are 16!
i. Suggestion: Our Mishnah is as R. Chidka, who says that a person must eat 4 meals on Shabbos.
6. Rejection: No, our Mishnah can be as Chachamim - the extra meal is for guests.
(n) Answer #2: Based on this, we can say that our Mishnah is as R. Shimon - the extra meals are for guests!
(o) (Mishnah): R. Yosi says, only R. Yishmael apportioned barley ...
(p) Question: Is Edom the only place where people eat barley?!
(q) Answer: R Yosi says, only R. Yishmael apportioned twice as much barley as wheat, since barley of Edom is bad.
(r) (Mishnah): He gives her 1/2 Kav of legumes ...
1. We did not teach, he gives her wine -this supports R. Elazar.
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