POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Kesuvos 47
1) PRIVILEGES OF A FATHER IN HIS DAUGHTER
(a) He receives objects she finds, so there should not be ill
2) THE DOWRY, WHEN SHE DIES
(b) (Rav Huna): We learn that a man receives his daughter's
earnings from "When a man will sell his daughter to be a
1. Just as a slave's earnings belong to her master, a
girl's earnings belong to her father.
(c) Objection: This only applies to a minor, since he can
sell her; perhaps a Na'arah, whom he cannot sell, keeps
(d) Answer #1: Logically, he must receive them - if not, how
did the Torah authorize him to send her to Chupah, and
interrupt her work!
1. Objection (Rav Achai): Perhaps he compensates her
for the lost work; or, he sends her to Chupah at
night or on Shabbos or Yom Tov!
(e) Answer #2: The Hekesh (comparison to a slave) is not
needed for a minor - since he can sell her, obviously he
owns her earnings!
1. The Hekesh must teach about a Na'arah.
(f) He can annul her vows - we learn from "Being a Na'arah in
her father's house".
(g) He can receive her document of divorce - "She will be
divorced and engaged" - this equates divorce and
1. Just as he receives her engagement, he receives her
(h) (Beraisa): A father does not eat the produce of his
daughter's property in her lifetime; R. Yosi Bar Yehudah
says, he does.
1. The first Tana holds that Chachamim only enacted
that a husband eat the produce of his wife's
property - if not, he might not redeem her if she is
i. This concern does not apply by a father (he
would redeem her in any case).
2. R. Yosi Bar Yehudah says that the same concern
applies by a father - he will resent that he has not
benefited from her property.
(a) (Beraisa): A father wrote that he will send his daughter
into marriage with fruit, clothing and vessels; if she
dies, the husband does not receive them;
(b) R. Nasan says that he does.
(c) Suggestion: These Tana'im have the same dispute as R.
Elazar Ben Azaryah and Chachamim.
1. (Mishnah): If she was widowed or divorced, whether
from engagement or marriage, she collects the entire
2. R. Elazar Ben Azaryah says, from marriage she
collects the full Kesuvah; from engagement, she only
collects the basic Kesuvah (100 or 200, for a
non-virgin or virgin).
3) A HUSBAND'S OBLIGATION TO FEED HIS WIFE
(d) Rejection: No, even R. Nasan holds as R. Elazar Ben
i. Anything above this was only written on
condition that he marry her.
3. Chachamim of the Beraisa say that he does not
receive the dowry, as R. Elazar Ben Azaryah; R.
Nasan says that he receives it, as Chachamim of the
1. R. Elazar Ben Azaryah only said that the husband
only pays when he marries her - but he could admit
that her father gives even if they never come to
i. The father gives because the families become
united, and this happens with engagement.
(a) (Beraisa): Chachamim enacted that a man feed his wife, to
compensate for receiving her earnings;
(b) He must bury her, in exchange for inheriting her;
(c) Therefore, he eats the produce of her property.
(d) Objection: The Beraisa did not mention produce!
(e) Answer: The Beraisa really reads: Chachamim enacted that
a man feed his wife, to compensate for receiving her
earnings; he redeems her, in exchange for the produce of
her property; he buries her, in exchange for inheriting
(f) Therefore, he eats the produce of her property.
(g) Question: Why does it say 'therefore'?
(h) Answer: One might have thought, he should not eat the
fruit, rather it should be stored.
1. If so, when it does not suffice to redeem her, he
might refrain from paying the difference.
(i) Question: Why not say oppositely (that he feeds her in
exchange for her produce, and redeems her in exchange for
(j) Answer (Abaye): Chachamim enacted what is common in
exchange for what is common, and what is rare in exchange
for what is rare.
(k) (Rava): The following Tana holds that the Torah obligates
a man to feed his wife.
1. (Beraisa): "Sheirah" - this is food, as it says "As
my people ate";
2. "Kesusah" - is understood simply (clothing);
3. "Onasah" - Periods of marital relations, as it says,
"If you will afflict my daughters";
4. R. Elazar says, "Sheirah" is - Periods of marital
relations, as it says "A man will not have relations
with his kin".
5. "Kesusah" - is understood simply;
6. "Onasah" - Food, as it says, "And He afflicted you
and made you hungry".