POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Kesuvos 30
1) FOR WHICH WOMEN IS THERE A FINE
(a) Answer: They differ by Chaivei Asei, such as Mitzri or
Edomite women (marriage takes effect, but is prohibited).
2) CAPITAL OFFENSES EXEMPT FROM PAYMENT
1. This answer works if R. Yeshevav only came to argue
on R. Simai.
(b) Question: If R. Yeshevav said an independent statement,
even Chaivei Asei produce Mamzerim, and marriage does not
take effect - what is the difference between Shimon
ha'Teimani and R. Shimon Ben Menasiya?
(c) Answer: A Kohen Gadol that marries a non-virgin.
(d) Question: Why is this different than other Chaivei Asei?
(e) Answer: This prohibition does not apply to everyone.
(a) (Rav Chisda): All agree that a man that rapes a Nidah
pays a fine.
1. Marriage takes effect with her; relations are
permitted (once she becomes pure).
(b) (Beraisa - R. Nechunya Ben ha'Kanah): Yom Kipur is as
Shabbos regarding paying for damage done while performing
Melachah (forbidden labor).
2. Rav Chisda comes to exclude the opinion of R.
Nechunya Ben ha'Kanah.
1. Just as on Shabbos, since he is liable to death for
the Melachah, he is exempt from payment - so, too
for Yom Kipur.
(c) Question: Why does he learn this way?
(d) Answer #1 (Abaye): The word Ason (fatality) is used by
acts of man (men fighting), and by acts of Heaven
(Yakov's concern for Binyamin).
1. Just as one is exempt for paying for what made one
liable for death at the hands of man, he is exempt
for paying for what made him liable for death at the
hands of Heaven.
(e) Question (Rav Ada Bar Ahavah): Why must we say that Ason
written by Yakov refers to colds and heatstroke, acts of
Heaven - perhaps it refers to thieves and lions, acts of
(f) Answer: Yakov was certainly concerned for both!
(g) Question #1: Are colds and heatstroke really in the hands
1. (Beraisa): All is in the hands of Heaven, except for
colds and heatstroke!
(h) Question #2: Are lions and thieves really in the hands of
1. (Rav Yosef): After the Churban of the Beis
ha'Mikdash, even though the Sanhedrin ceased, the 4
death penalties did not cease.
2. Question: They did cease!
3. Answer: The penalties still are meted out.
(i) Answer (to 2:g and 2:h): Rather, lions and thieves are in
the hands of Heaven, colds and heatstroke are in the
hands of man.
i. Someone who was worthy of stoning (which starts
with falling to the ground) falls off a roof or
is trampled by an animal.
ii. Someone who was worthy of burning falls into a
fire or is bitten by a snake.
iii. Someone who was worthy of death by the sword is
killed by the government or robbers.
iv. Someone who was worthy of strangulation drowns
or dies of croup.
(j) Answer #2 (to 2:c - Rava): R. Nechunya Ben ha'Kanah
learns from "If people will ignore (and not execute) ...
one who gives his seed to Molech ... I will give him
1. Kares from Hash-m is like our death penalties. Just
as our death penalties exempt from payment, so, too,
(k) Question: What is the difference between Rava and Abaye?
(l) Answer: A non-Kohen who eats Terumah (which is punishable
by death at the hands of Heaven, but not Kares).
1. According to Abaye, he is exempt; Rava says, he must
(m) Question: Does Abaye really say that he is exempt?
1. (Rav Chisda): R. Nechunya Ben ha'Kanah admits that
if one eats someone else's Chelev, he must pay!
(n) Answer #1: The case is, someone else put the Terumah in
his mouth (he himself didn't pick it up).
i. When he picked it up, he got the law of a
thief, and was responsible for returning it;
the exemption for one who transgresses a
prohibition with Kares does not apply until he
ii. Also in our case, he is liable for the Terumah
once he picks it up; he is liable to die at the
hands of Heaven only when he eats it!
1. Objection: Still, he is liable for it once he chews
it, but is not liable to die until he swallows it!
(o) Answer #2 (Rav Papa): Someone else put liquids of Terumah
in his mouth.
2. Answer: It was stuck down his throat.
3. Question: How far down was it stuck?
i. Suggestion #1: If he could have spit it out -
he should have (and must pay for not having
4. Answer: He could have spit it out with great
ii. Suggestion #2: If he could not spit it out -
why is he liable to die (he had no choice)!
(p) Answer #3 (Rav Ashi): The case is, a non-Kohen ate his
own Terumah, and tore someone else's silk at the same