(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

Ask A Question on the daf

Previous daf

Kesuvos 3

KESUVOS 2 & 3 - Generously dedicated by Reb A. Wolfson, a sincere Ohev Torah and Mokir Torah and himself an example of Torah u'Gedulah b'Makom Echad.


(a) By Torah law, if a Tenai was fulfilled because of Ones, the Get is invalid.
1. Righteous women may refrain from remarrying, from concern that there was an Ones, and the Get is invalid.
2. Immoral women will deny that there was an Ones, even when they have heard or know that there was.
i. They will remarry; the children born from such a marriage are Mamzers (bastards, who cannot marry those of legitimate lineage.)
3. To solve both of these concerns, Chazal decreed that in a case of Ones, the Get is valid.
(b) Question: If the Torah says that the Get is invalid, can Chazal decree that it is valid, and permit a married woman to remarry?
(c) Answer: Yes! All who get married consent that the marriage should be as Chazal desire; in this case, Chazal uproot the marriage.
1. (Ravina): This is understandable for who engages a woman with money (the marriage is uprooted, and the money is a gift).
(d) Question (Ravina): What if the engagement was the act of marital relations?
(e) Answer (Rav Ashi): The marriage is uprooted; the marital act retroactively becomes an act of harlotry.
(f) According to some, Rava said the following: Also by Gitin, one is not liable for Ones (i.e. the Get is invalid).
(g) Question (Mishnah): 'This is your Get if I don't come within a year' - if he dies during the year, the Get is invalid.
1. We infer, if he got sick, the Get is valid!
2. Answer: Even if he got sick, the Get is invalid - the Mishnah teaches that a Get cannot take effect after death.
3. Question: But the Mishnah already taught this - 'This is your Get ... after (my) death', is invalid!
4. Answer: The end of the Mishnah (if I don't come within a year ... ) comes to argue on Raboseinu who say that the Get is valid (and we may not infer that if he got sick, the Get is valid).
(h) Question: The end of that Mishnah teaches, 'This Get should take effect from now if I don't come within a year - if he dies during the year, the Get is valid.
1. We infer, if he got sick, the Get is also valid!
(i) Answer: Perhaps the Get is only valid if he dies, since his intention was that his wife should not become subject to Levirate marriage.
(j) Question: It occurred that a man gave a Get on condition that he does not return within 30 days. He was returning on the 30th day, but was delayed because the ferry was on the other side. Even though he was trying to return, Shmuel ruled that the Get is valid - unlike Rava!
(k) Answer: A common Ones is different - since he should have stipulated what will be in such a case, but neglected to do so, he accepted on himself whatever will happen.
(a) (Rav Shmuel Bar Yitzchak): Our Mishnah, which says that a virgin is married on Wednesday, applies after Ezra decreed that Beis Din should meet every Monday and Thursday.
1. Before Ezra, a virgin could be married on any day.
(b) Question: Why did he teach this - it has no relevance today!
(c) Answer: If Beis Dins would again meet equally all days of the week, a virgin may be married on any day.
(d) Question: But we require the Chasan to prepare the meal for 3 days!
(e) Answer: We are talking in a case where he prepared a meal.

(f) (Beraisa): A virgin is married on Wednesday, so if the Chasan finds that she is not a virgin, he will go to Beis Din the next day.
(g) Question: If the marriage is on Sunday, he could also go to Beis Din the next day!
(h) Answer: Chazal deliberated to help the bride, that the groom should exert for 3 days preparing the Chupah meal.
(a) (Beraisa): From the time of danger and onwards, the custom was to be married on Tuesday; Chazal did not object;
(b) One may not be married on Monday; if there is an Ones, it is allowed.
(c) We separate the Chasan from the bride on Shabbos night (if they have not yet had relations), since the first act of relations causes a wound.
(d) Question: What danger is the Beraisa referring to?
1. If there was a decree that any virgin married on Wednesday will be killed, why was it only a custom to be married on Tuesday - the enactment should be entirely uprooted!
(e) Answer (Rava): There was a decree, a virgin married on Wednesday must first have relations with the mayor.
(f) Question: This is Ones, not a danger!
(g) Answer: There are righteous women that would refuse, and be killed for doing so.
(h) Question: We should make it known that if a woman is forced into adultery, she is permitted to her husband!
(i) Answer: There are immoral women (and if we publicize the above law, they will willingly have relations; their husbands will not know that their wives are prohibited to them);
(j) Also, there are wives of Kohanim, who become prohibited to their husbands even if they are forced (so publicizing the law will not help).
(k) Question: Why don't we uproot the enactment for virgins to get married on Wednesday?
(l) Answer: It is common that the (mayor's) decree is revoked; therefore, Chazal do not revoke their enactment because of the decree.
(m) Question: If the danger is as Rava says, the mayor will come on Tuesday to have first relations with the virgin!
(n) Answer: Since we do not formally enact Tuesday as the day for the wedding, he is not sure that there is a wedding on Tuesday, and will not bother to come.
(a) Question: What is the Ones of the Beraisa?
1. If it is the mayor's decree - why was it called danger above, and now, Ones?
2. Also - above we said that it was the custom to be married on Tuesday - here we say that it is allowed!
(b) Answer#1 (Rava): People say that the general is coming to the city (and he will take the food prepared for the Chupah).
(c) Question: If he will leave promptly, we should delay the Chupah until after he leaves!
(d) Answer: He is going to fix himself in the city (for a while).
(e) Question: Why is even Monday allowed - let the Chupah be on Tuesday!
(f) Answer: His scouts are coming on Tuesday (and they will confiscate food for him).
(g) Answer#2: The Ones of the Beraisa is the death of the Chasan's father or the bride's mother.
1. (Beraisa): The bread was baked, or the animals were slaughtered, or the wine was mixed, and the Chasan's father or bride's mother died:
2. We put the deceased in a room until after the Chupah.
Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,