POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
KESUVOS 2 & 3 - Generously dedicated by Reb A. Wolfson, a sincere Ohev Torah
and Mokir Torah and himself an example of Torah u'Gedulah b'Makom Echad.
1) THE DAY ON WHICH A VIRGIN IS MARRIED
(a) (Mishnah): A virgin is married on Wednesday, and a widow
2) IF THE BRIDE BECOMES SICK OR NIDAH
1. In cities, Beis Din meets on Mondays and Thursdays.
If the Chasan finds that she is not a virgin, he
will promptly go to Beis Din.
(b) (Gemara - Rav Yosef): Rav Yehudah taught that the reason
a virgin is married on Wednesday is as we learned in a
(c) (Mishnah): If the time set for the Chupah came, and they
were not married, the groom must pay for the bride's
food; if he is a Kohen, she is allowed to eat Trumah.
1. Now that our Mishnah says that the Chupah should be
on Wednesday, if the time for the Chupah came on
Sunday, the groom need not feed her until Wednesday.
(d) Question (Rav Yosef): Why does he attribute a Mishnah
which was taught to one which was not taught?!
1. Question on the question: That is not so - both
Mishnahs were taught!
(e) Clarification of the question: Why does he attribute the
reason for a Mishnah which gives its reason, to a Mishnah
which does not give a reason?
(f) Retraction: Rather, Rav Yehudah said the following: a
virgin is married on Wednesday, so if the groom finds
that she is not a virgin, he will promptly go to Beis Din
the next day.
(g) Question (Rav Yosef): Let her be married on Sunday, and
he can go to Beis Din on Monday!
(h) Answer: Chazal deliberated to help the bride, that the
groom should exert for 3 days preparing the Chupah meal.
1. Now that we learned that a virgin is married on
Wednesday, if the time for the Chupah fell on
Sunday, since he cannot marry her until Wednesday,
he need not feed her until then.
(a) (Rav Yosef): If the time for the Chupah falls before
Wednesday, the groom need not feed the bride until
Wednesday; so too, if one of them becomes sick, or she
becomes a Nidah, he does not have to feed her.
(b) Some learn that this was a question: if he became sick,
does he have to feed her?
1. Perhaps we should say no, because the delay of the
Chupah is beyond his control, just as when the time
for the Chupah fell before Wednesday.
(c) Question: If he must feed her when he falls sick, what if
she falls sick?
2. Or, perhaps he must feed her; this is unlike the
case where the enactment of Chachamim delayed the
1. Perhaps he is exempt - he can say, I am ready!
(d) Question: If he must feed her when she falls sick, what
if she becomes Nidah?
2. Or perhaps, she can say, your field was flooded
(i.e. I am your responsibility; my sickness is your
1. If this was the normal time for her to become Nidah,
she cannot say, it is his bad luck.
3) CAN A CLAIM OF *ONES* INVALIDATE A *GET*?
2. The question is if she becomes Nidah at an abnormal
(e) Answer (Rav Achai): A Mishnah teaches, if the time came
and *the women* were not married, they eat his food and
may eat Trumah.
3. Perhaps she can say, your field was flooded.
4. Or, perhaps since there are women with erratic
menstrual cycles, this is like becoming Nidah at the
1. The connotation is that the women are causing the
(f) Rejection (Rav Ashi): We can explain, whenever they cause
the Chupah to be delayed, they are not fed.
2. If the women are delaying - why are they fed?
3. Rather, it must be that it is beyond their control
(i.e. they became sick or Nidah), and we see that
they are fed!
1. In the Mishnah, the men caused the delay. The
Mishnah only said '*the women* were not married'
because the first part of the Mishnah was speaking
about the women.
(a) (Rava): By Gitin (documents of divorce), we do not exempt
one who is Anus (unable to do as he wants), i.e. if he
gave a Get on Tanai (condition), even if circumstances
beyond his control cause fulfillment of the Tanai; the
Get is valid.
(b) Question: What is Rava's source?
(c) Attempted Answer#1 (Mishnah): 'This is your Get if I
don't come within a year' - if he dies during the year,
the Get is invalid.
1. We infer, if he got sick, the Get is valid!
(d) Attempted Answer#2: The end of that Mishnah teaches,
'This Get should take effect from now if I don't come
within a year - if he dies during the year, the Get is
2. Rejection: Even if he got sick, the Get is invalid -
the Mishnah teaches that a Get cannot take effect
3. Question: But the Mishnah already taught this -
'This is your Get ... after (my) death', is invalid!
4. Retraction: Rather, we say that the end of the
Mishnah (if I don't come within a year ... ) comes
to argue on Raboseinu who say that the Get is valid
(and we may not infer that if he got sick, the Get
i. (Rav Yehudah): Raboseinu are the Beis Din that
permitted us to use the oil of Goyim; they hold
as R. Yosi, who says that the date on a
document shows that it takes effect from that
day (and therefore, the Get takes effect before
the husband dies).
1. We infer, if he got sick, the Get is also valid!
(e) Rejection: Perhaps the Get is only valid if he dies,
since his intention was that his wife should not become
subject to Levirate marriage.
(f) Attempted Answer#3: It occurred that a man gave a Get on
condition that he does not return within 30 days. He was
returning on the 30th day, but was delayed because the
ferry was on the other side. Even though he was trying to
return, Shmuel ruled that the Get is valid.
(g) Rejection: Perhaps a common Ones is different - since he
should have stipulated what will be in such a case, but
neglected to do so, he accepted on himself whatever will
(h) Answer#4: Rava's law is a decree on account of righteous
women and immoral women.