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Kesuvos 110

1) [line 11] L'MIMSAR MODA'A - to declare in front of witnesses that he is only selling the field to him in order to take it as surety afterwards

b) [line 11] MODA'A
Moda'a is a legal declaration, made in front of witnesses, that a Get, sale or testimony that a person is about to enact is going to be made under duress or under certain specific circumstances, and should not have legal consequences.

2) [line 19] HAPUCHEI MATARASA LAMAH LI? - (lit. Why change leather bags of equal weight from one shoulder to the other?) let each one hold on to what he already has

(a) If a person can not pay back his debts, the creditor can receive payment by transferring ownership of a plot of land of the debtor into his hands. For this purpose, Chazal classified plots of land using three levels of quality: Ziburis - the poorest quality, Beinonis - average quality and Idis - the highest quality. Damages (Nezikin) are reimbursed with Idis. Standard loans (Halva'os) and debts (Chovos) are repaid using Beinonis. The value of a Kesuvah or debts owed by orphans for claims on their father's estate are paid using Ziburis.
(b) According to Rav Nachman, these levels of quality are based solely on the property of the debtor. According to Rav Sheshes, they are based on the general value of properties in the entire area. E.g. if a person's best parcel of land is only of average quality, it is valued as Idis according to Rav Nachman, but according to Rav Sheshes it is valued as Beinonis.

*4*) [line 31] SHE'LAVAH ZEH L'ESER V'ZEH L'CHAMESH - that is, the time that the second loan became due was later than the time that the first one became due (the numbers "10" and "5" are arbitrary) -- RITVA

5) [line 35] D'YAZIF L'YOMEI - to borrow money for just one day
6) [line 37] D'YASMEI MIGVA GAVI, AGVUYEI LO MAGVINAN MINAIHU - orphans can collect debts owed to their father, but Beis Din does not collect from them debts that their father owed (unless they inherited land from their father)

7a) [line 45] YEHUDAH - the land of Yehudah, consisting of the lands south of the ancient city of Antipatris, near the modern-day Rosh ha'Ayin
b) [line 45] EVER HA'YARDEN - Transjordan; the area of Eretz Yisrael to the east of the Jordan River
c) [line 45] GALIL - the land of Galil, consisting of the modern-day Galil, north of Megido


8) [line 2] MI'NAVEH - from a residence
9) [line 4] SHEHA'NAVEH HA'YAFAH BODEK - moving to a better residence (and style of living) penetrates (the body and causes disease)

10) [line 9] "VA'YEVARCHU HA'AM L'CHOL HA'ANASHIM HA'MISNADEVIM LASHEVES BI'YRUSHALAYIM" - "And the people blessed all the men, who willingly offered to live in Yerushalayim." (Nechamya 11:2) - It is hard to live in the very large cities (a) because of the crowding and lack of fresh air. The Gemara learns from the word "KOL" that the problem lies with the fact that all of the people need to crowd into the limited area inside of the walls. (RASHI); (b) because the cost of living and the standard of living is very high. The Gemara learns from the word "ha'Misnadevim" that it is considered a Nedavah (monetary pledge) to live in a very large city. (TALMID RABEINU YONAH)

11) [line 12] SHINUY VESES, TECHILAS CHOLI ME'AYIM - a change in one regular pattern [of eating] is the beginning of bowel diseases

12) [line 13] SEFER BEN SIRA - an ancient work, part of the Apocrypha, written approximately 320 BCE. According to tradition, Ben Sira was a son of the prophet Yirmeyahu.

13) [line 16] AF LEILOS - even the nights of a pauper are bad
14) [line 16] BI'SHEFAL GAGIM GAGO, UVI'MROM HARIM KARMO - his roof is the lowest of all roofs, and his vineyard is located at the top of the mountains

15) [line 18] HA'KOL MA'ALIN - all of one's household (even an Eved Ivri) can be forced [by the head of the household] to move up [to Eretz Yisrael]

16) [line 19] V'EIN HA'KOL MOTZI'IN - no one can be forced to leave
17) [line 23] KAPOTKIYA - Cappadocia, a district of Asia Minor

*18*) [line 32] EVED SHE'BARACH MI'CHUTZA LA'ARETZ, LA'ARETZ - If an Eved Kena'ani flees to Eretz Yisrael, his master who lives outside of Eretz Yisrael cannot reclaim him. He must free the slave, and the slave must reimburse his former master with the value of his freedom as soon as he has his own money. The Gemara in Gitin 45a bases this law on the verse in Devarim 23 "Lo Sasgir Eved El Adonav." Acording to some Rishonim, if the master can sell the slave to someone else in Eretz Yisrael he does not have to free the slave (TOSFOS DH Hachi Garsinan).

19) [line 41] SHI'ABUDA - [the place of] the obligation
20) [line 43] GUVAINA - [the place of] collection
21) [line 47] MAGBEHU - (lit. he makes him collect) he pays
22) [line 48] NASKA - bullion, a long bar of cast silver or gold
23) [line 49] PERITEI - Perutos, coins of little value (1 Dinar = 24 Isarin; 1 Isar = 6-8 Perutos - based on Kidushin 12a)

24) [line] "...KI GERSHUNI..." - "[And therefore, I beg you, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant. If it is HaSh-m who has stirred you up against me, let Him accept an offering; but if it is the sons of men, cursed be they before HaSh-m; for they have driven me out this day from having a share in the inheritance of HaSh-m, saying, 'Go, serve other gods.'" (Shmuel I 26:19) - David said this to Shaul ha'Melech when Shaul was chasing him. He knew that he was going to be forced to leave Eretz Yisrael to avoid being captured by Shaul (RADAK)

25) [line 54] HAVAH KAMISHTAMIT MINEI - was avoiding him (Rav Yehudah)

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