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Previous daf Kesuvos 106
KESUVOS 106 - has been dedicated by Dr. and Mrs. Eli Turkel of Ra'anana in
honor of the Bar Mitzvah of Yitzchak Yoel Kornfeld
1) [line 2] V'ACHTEI L'DINEI - and he started his case (the case of ha'Hu
2) [line 3] YEKARA - honor
3) [line 4] ISTATEIM TA'ANASEI - his pleas were stopped (because he was
4) [line 4] SEDER D'ELIYAHU - an early Midrash attributed to the teachings
of the prophet Eliyahu, first printed in Venice, 1598
5) [line 6] U'VA'A RACHAMEI - and he prayed
6) [line 7] HAVAH MAV'IS LEI BE'USEI - he was frightening him
7) [line 8] V'AVAD TEIVUSA V'YASIV KAMEI - and he built a box [in which to
sit] and sat before him
8) [line 8] AD D'APIK LEI SIDREI - until he finished the entire treatise
9) [line 10] RIS'CHA - anger, wrath [of the Creator] (and a consequential
10) [line 12] D'CHI HAVU RABANAN MIFTEREI MI'KAMEI - when his students (lit.
the scholars) would leave him [from the Beis ha'Midrash]
11) [line 13] HAVU FAISHEI - there remained
12) [line 22] TELEISAR AMORA'EI - thirteen Meturgemanim, the ones who
expound in a loud voice that which the Chacham says in a low voice
13) [line 23] MESIVTA - Yeshiva
14) [line 23] NAPTZEI GELIMAIHU - and shook out their cloaks
15) [line 24] V'CHASI LEI L'YOMA - and it would block out the sunlight
16) [line 24] V'AMRI B'MA'ARAVA - and they would say in Eretz Yisrael
17) [line 30] V'KARU NAFSHAIHU YASMEI D'YASMEI - and they called themselves
"orphans of orphans"
18) [line 31] MEVAKREI MUMIN - the ones who would check animal for blemishes
to see whether they were fit to be offered on the Mizbe'ach
19) [line 36] KEMITZAH
(a) When an individual who is not a Kohen offers a Korban Minchah (flour
offering), a Kohen must take off a Kometz (handful), which is burned upon
(b) A Kometz is the amount that can be held by the middle three fingers when
they are pressed upon the palm. The Kohen puts his hand in the dough or
baked goods and removes one handful. He next wipes off the dough or baked
goods that stick out, using his thumb and smallest finger, until only the
(c) The remainder of the Minchah (the Sheyarei ha'Minchah) is eaten by male
(d) A Minchah that is brought by the Tzibur, a Minchah offered by a Kohen,
and a Minchah that is brought together with an animal Korban (the Minchas
Nesachim) are entirely burned on the Mizbe'ach.
20) [line 38] MAGIHEI SEFARIM - scribes who would check and correct scrolls
21) [line 40] HA'ORGOS B'FARACHOS - who weave the curtains of the Beis
22) [line 41] MI'KODSHEI BEDEK HA'BAYIS - objects dedicated to Hekdesh that
become the property of the Beis ha'Mikdash, to be used as needed
23) [line 43] BEIS GARMO - the family of the house of Garmo, who were
experts in the art of baking the Lechem ha'Panim
24) [line 44] LECHEM HA'PANIM
(a) The Lechem ha'Panim (Showbread) is an offering of 12 loaves (that are
Matzah), which are arranged in two stacks (Sedarim), six loaves to each
stack, on the Golden Table of the Mishkan or Beis ha'Mikdash. Fresh loaves
were arranged on the Table every Shabbos and are left there until the
following Shabbos. The Kohanim eat the loaves that are removed. (Vayikra
(b) Wooden racks (Kanin) separate the loaves to allow air to circulate so
that the bread will not spoil.
(c) A Kometz (the amount that will fit under the middle three fingers when
they are pressed upon the palm) of Levonah (frankincense) is placed
alongside each stack in a Bazach (bowl). Only the Levonah is offered on the
Mizbe'ach. The offering of the Levonah permits the loaves to be eaten.
25) [line 44] BEIS AVTINAS - the family of the house of Avtinas, Kohanim who
compounded the Ketores (and were the only ones who could identify the
Ma'aleh Ashan, an herb that caused the smoke of the Ketores to rise in a
26) [line 45] KETORES
(a) The Ketores is the incense that was offered on the golden Mizbe'ach in
the Heichal of the Beis ha'Mikdash. It was offered twice each day, in the
morning when the Kohen cleaned out the lamps of the Menorah, and before
evening when the Kohen lit the Menorah. It consisted of the following eleven
1. 70 Maneh (350 pounds) of TZARI ("Seraf ha'Notef me'Atzei ha'Ketaf") - sap
of the balsam tree.
(b) In addition, the following ingredients were added to make it burn well:
2. 70 Maneh (350 pounds) of TZIPOREN ("Shecheles") - a kind of root/annual
plant. Some identify this plant with a species of rock-rose, Cistus
ladaniferus, which has fingernail-like petals. Alternatively, Tziporen may
be onycha, a type of flower.
3. 70 Maneh (350 pounds) of CHELBENAH - (a) galbanum; a yellow-brown gum
resin obtained from a plant in Persia; (b) According to some, Chelbenah is
the gum of the common storax tree.
4. 70 Maneh (350 pounds) of LEVONAH - frankincense or oliban; a gum resin
from trees of Arabia and India. The gum is yellowish and semi-transparent,
with a bitter nauseous taste. It is hard and capable of being pulverized,
producing a strong aromatic odor when burned.
5. 16 Maneh (80 pounds) of MOR - myrrh.
6. 16 Maneh (80 pounds) KETZI'AH - cassia.
7. 16 Maneh (80 pounds) SHIBOLES NERD - spikenard.
8. 16 Maneh (80 pounds) KARKOM - saffron.
9. 12 Maneh (60 pounds) KOSHT - costus.
10. 3 Maneh (15 pounds) KILUFAH - cinnamon bark.
11. 9 Maneh (45 pounds) KINAMON - cinnamon.
1. One quarter Kav (1 cup) of MELACH SEDOMIS - Sodomite salt.
(c) The following two ingredients were used to prepare the Tziporen:
2. A small amount of MA'ALEH ASHAN - probably Leptadenia Pyrotechnica, which
contains nitric acid, causing the smoke to rise straight up.
1. 1 Kav (9 quarts) of BORIS KARSHINAH - vetch lye to polish the Tziporen.
2. 3 Se'ah and 3 Kavim (21 quarts) of YEIN KAFRISIN - (a) the fermented
juice of the caper-berry; (b) wine made from grapes that grow in Cyprus. The
Tziporen was soaked in the Yein Kafrisin. If Yein Kafrisin was not
available, the Ketores was compounded instead with CHAMAR CHIVARYAN ATIK -
very-old strong white wine.
(d) Rebbi Nasan ha'Bavli says that a small amount of Kipas ha'Yarden,
probably cyclamen, was also added.
27) [line 46] BED'VAVEI - the curtains that were located in the doorways
[merely for privacy]
28) [line 47] HEICHAL - the Sanctuary, which contained the Menorah, the
Shulchan for the Lechem ha'Panim, and the Mizbe'ach for the Ketores
29) [line 48] ULAM - the Entrance Hall of the Beis ha'Mikdash (that opened
onto the Heichal)
30) [line 48] DEVIR - the partition that divided between the Ulam and the
Heichal (RASHI to Megilah 10b)
31) [line 48] SHTAYIM KENEGDAN BA'ALIYAH - two curtains were located
directly above the curtains of the Devir in the upper story (to separate
between the areas corresponding to the Heichal and Kodesh ha'Kodashim in the
32) [line 49] PARAH
(a) The Parah Adumah, an exclusively red-haired female cow is burned on Har
ha'Zeisim and its ashes are used for making a person Tahor if he is Tamei
Mes. Only a cow that has not had a yoke placed upon it and has had no other
work done with it is fit to be used as a Parah Adumah. A place is prepared
for its slaughter on Har ha'Zeisim, opposite the gate to the Azarah (the
courtyard of the Beis ha'Mikdash). After it is slaughtered, its blood is
sprinkled in the direction of the Beis ha'Mikdash seven times. A cedar
branch, some Ezov branches and a piece of crimson wool are thrown into the
carcass of the cow while it is burning. (Bamidbar 19:1-22)
(b) If a person (or utensil) became Tamei through touching a Mes, he must
wait seven days to become Tahor. On the third and seventh days he must have
spring water mixed with the ashes of the Parah Adumah (Mei Chatas) sprinkled
on him. A person who is Tahor dips three Ezov branches that have been bound
together into the mixture, and sprinkles them on the person who is Tamei. On
the seventh day, he immerses in a Mikvah after the mixture is sprinkled on
him in order to complete his Taharah. (Bamidbar 19:17-19)
33) [line 49] NASHIM YEKAROS - wealthy women
34) [line 3] TERUMAS HA'LISHKAH
(a) Every year, one half a Shekel was collected from every Jew to fund the
Korbenos Tzibur that were offered in the Beis ha'Mikdash. Beis Din placed
the money that was collected in a room in the Mikdash reserved for that
purpose (see Background to Yoma 55:7, "Shekalim").
(b) At three times during the year (before each of the three festivals),
Beis Din filled three boxes, each of which held three Se'in (approximately
21.6, 25 or 43.2 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions)
with Shekalim from that room. The portion that was set aside in the boxes
was called the "Terumas ha'Lishkah," while the remainder of the Shekalim
were called "Sheyarei ha'Lishkah" (Shekalim 7b, 8a). (See Insights to
(c) There is a difference of opinion as to why the Terumas ha'Lishkah was
done three times a year rather than just once. One opinion states that the
reason was only to publicize the Terumas ha'Lishkah (Shekalim 2b, see
Insights there). According to others, Beis Din was concerned that the
Terumas ha'Lishkah should be collected from the Shekalim that arrived later
in the year (this opinion is also mentioned in the Yerushalmi, ibid.).
(d) The Shekalim from the Terumas ha'Lishkah were used to purchase the
animals needed for public sacrifices and for the wages of certain laborers
and appointees of Hekdesh. The Shekalim from the Sheyarei ha'Lishkah were
used to buy other goods necessary for the upkeep of the Mikdash and the
entire city of Yerushalayim (Shekalim 4a-b).
35) [line 5] "UCH'CHALOSAM HEVI'U LIFNEI HA'MELECH VI'YHOYADA ES SHE'AR
HA'KESEF VA'YA'ASEHU CHELIM L'VEIS HASH-M KLEI SHARES..." - "When they
finished, they brought the remaining money before the king and Yehoyada, who
made it into utensils for the house of HaSh-m - ministering vessels,
[mortars, pans and golden and silver instruments. They continually offered
Olos in the house of HaSh-m all the days of Yehoyada.]" (Divrei ha'Yamim II
36) [line 7] D'AKARYACH KESUVEI - the one who taught you Kesuvim
37) [line 8] "ACH LO YE'ASEH BEIS HASH-M SIPOS KESEF...KI L'OSEI HA'MELACHAH
YITENUHU..." - "But there were not made for the house of HaSh-m bowls of
silver, snuffers, basins, trumpets, any utensils of gold, or utensils of
silver, from the money that was brought to the house of the HaSh-m;"
(Melachim II 12:14-15) - These verses stipulate that the donations were
*not* used for making Klei Shares, while the verse quoted by the Gemara
earlier (from Divrei ha'Yamim) describes that they *were* used for making
38) [line 10] SHE'GAVU V'HOSIRU - that they collected money for the Terumas
ha'Lishkah and there remained unused money at the end of the year
39) [line 12] LEV BEIS DIN MASNEH ALEIHEN - [the funds were contributed
with] the stipulation that Beis Din could use them for whatever it wants
40) [line 17] SHIRAYIM - a remainder
41) [line 18] HA'OLAH, OLAH RISHONAH - when the verse states, "ha'Olah," it
refers to the first Olah that is offered every day, the Olas ha'Tamid
42) [line 21] LEVONAH - frankincense. See above, entry #24c
43) [line 21] MOSAR NESACHIM - the remainder of the Nesachim
(a) Mosar Nesachim is the subject of a Machlokes Amora'im (Shekalim 4a,
Menachos 90a). Rebbi Chiya bar Yosef says that this is referring to the
"fourth Se'ah," i.e. the suppliers of wine, oil and flour for the Beis
ha'Mikdash would agree on a price at the time of the harvest; if the price
went down, the suppliers would have to give the supplies at the lower price.
The extra wine, oil and flour is the Mosar ha'Nesachim.
(b) Rebbi Yochanan says that this is referring to the heaping measure, i.e.
the suppliers would give heaping measures of these supplies to the
treasurers whereas the treasurers would sell them to the people with a
leveled measure; the extra is the Mosar ha'Nesachim (Shekalim 11a)
44) [line 22] LESHACHOS - [the building of] chambers (of the Beis
45) [line 24] SHEYAREI HA'LISHKA - the money that was left over after the
Terumas ha'Lishkah (see above, entry #34b)
46) [line 26] MOSAR TERUMAH - the remainder of the Terumas ha'Lishkah (see
above, entry #34) on Rosh Chodesh Nisan, at which time they would begin to
offer Korbanos from the new Shekalim that were brought for the new year
(which began on Rosh Chodesh Nisan)
47) [line 27] RIKU'EI ZAHAV, TZIPUY L'VEIS KODSHEI HA'KODASHIM - flattened
sheets of gold that were used to cover the walls and floor of the Kodesh
48) [line 28] KAYITZ HA'MIZBE'ACH (NIDVAS TZIBUR)
(a) In many places the Gemara states that when certain items are sold (e.g.
Kodshim that become unfit to offer on the Mizbe'ach) their value is
designated as a Nedavah ("v'Yiplu Demeihem l'Nedavah"), a contribution
towards a Korban. This money was used to purchase Korbenos Tzibur (offerings
brought by the entire people) and not Korbenos Yachid (personal Korbanos). A
person may also volunteer money as a Nidvas Tzibur. In both cases, the money
was placed in one of the six Shofaros (boxes) that were kept in the Mikdash
and was used to buy Korbenos "Kayitz ha'Mizbe'ach" to be sacrificed when the
Mizbe'ach was not otherwise in use (Shekalim 6b).
(b) (Rashi to Sukah 56a DH Kayitz explains that these offerings were also
called "Kayitz," because they were like a "dessert" [Kayitz = cut figs, a
common dessert food] to the Mizbe'ach.)
49) [line 36] MEKAITZIN BO ES HA'MIZBE'ACH - they use them to buy Olos that
are offered when there are no other sacrifices to bring on the Mizbe'ach
(see previous entry)
50) [line 43] EIN ANIYUS B'MAKOM ASHIRUS
In honor of the Beis ha'Mikdash, everything is done with extravagance and it
is not proper to be skimpy.
51) [line 45] V'LEIKA L'MISVA LEI - and there is nothing to give him