|(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)
1) [line 18] D'TAVA LACH AVDI LACH - I did that which is beneficial for you
3) [line 22] DINAR SHEL ZAHAV - a golden Dinar; the equivalent of 25 Dinars (= 6 Sela'im) of silver. (Actually 6 Sela'im = *24* Dinars of silver, but the 25th Dinar is paid to the money changer -- see Tosfos DH Nasan Lo)
4) [line 23] CHALUK - an undershirt (RASHI to Shabbos 120a) or shirt worn under another garment
*5*) [line 35] KOL SHE'KEN, D'HAVAH SHAVEH TARTEI SEREI - that is, the one who sent the Shali'ach can say, "Had you spent all six Sela'im on the shirt I would have made a larger than proportional profit; you could have purchased for 6 Sela'im a shirt that is worth not just 12 normal-sized Sela'im, but one that is worth 12 *large* Sela'im!" -- RASHI, TOSFOS DH Kol she'Ken.
6) [last line] KITNIS - legumes
7) [line 2] ASRA D'MEZABNEI B'SHUMA - a place where items are sold by rough
9a) [line 4] B'ASRA D'CHAILEI B'CHANEI - [we are dealing] with a place where
they measure with a Kana (a small measure), i.e. they sell by volume with an
10) [line 9] KATINEI - small (disconnected) fields
12) [line 20] EIN ONA'AH L'KARKA'OS L'KARKA'OS
13) [line 23] L'SAKUNEI SHEDARTICH V'LO L'AVUSI - I sent you to benefit me and not to cause me a loss
14) [line 25] TEROM (TERUMAH GEDOLAH)
1. According to RASHI (here and elsewhere), TOSFOS (Bechoros 54a DH u'Shnei and elsewhere), the RA'AVAD (Hilchos Ma'aser 1:9) and the SEFER HA'CHINUCH (#507), Terumah mid'Oraisa is only taken from the crops mentioned in this verse, grains, grapes and olives.(c) According to all opinions, there is at least a Mitzvah mid'Rabanan to separate Terumah from all produce that is not ownerless, that grows from the ground, and that is regularly eaten by humans (MINCHAS CHINUCH # 507).
*15*) [line 28] V'ILU GABEI BA'AL HA'BAYIS TANYA - (Even though the rule of "Ein Ona'ah b'Karka'os" has nothing to do with the separation of Terumah, the Gemara is justified in comparing a Shali'ach who separates an overly-large portion of Terumah to one who prices a field below its true value. In both cases, the number that the Shali'ach chose could legitimately be called the "true worth" of the Terumah or of the field; in the case of Terumah, because 1/40, 1/50 and 1/60 of the total produce are *all* legitimate values for the separation of Terumah, and in the case of the sale of land, because any monetary value assigned to land is legitimate, since "Ein Ona'ah b'Karka'os" -- CHASAM SOFER)
16) [line 35] SHUM HA'DAYANIN - an appraisal and sale of land made by Beis Din to pay a widow her Kesuvah (TIFERES YISRAEL)
17) [line 35] SHE'PICHASU SHETUS - who sold the field for a sixth less than it was worth
18) [line 37] IM KEN, MAH KO'ACH BEIS DIN YAFEH? - if not, how will the authority of Beis Din be effective (if we do not validate their sale)?
19) [line 38] IGERES BIKORES - a letter or public announcement inviting buyers to examine an assessed property (see Background to Kesuvos 98:1)