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Kesuvos 99

1) [line 18] D'TAVA LACH AVDI LACH - I did that which is beneficial for you
2) [line 21] D'LEIFSHU SHETAREI ILAVAI - that there should be many bills of sale on my properties

3) [line 22] DINAR SHEL ZAHAV - a golden Dinar; the equivalent of 25 Dinars (= 6 Sela'im) of silver. (Actually 6 Sela'im = *24* Dinars of silver, but the 25th Dinar is paid to the money changer -- see Tosfos DH Nasan Lo)

4) [line 23] CHALUK - an undershirt (RASHI to Shabbos 120a) or shirt worn under another garment

*5*) [line 35] KOL SHE'KEN, D'HAVAH SHAVEH TARTEI SEREI - that is, the one who sent the Shali'ach can say, "Had you spent all six Sela'im on the shirt I would have made a larger than proportional profit; you could have purchased for 6 Sela'im a shirt that is worth not just 12 normal-sized Sela'im, but one that is worth 12 *large* Sela'im!" -- RASHI, TOSFOS DH Kol she'Ken.

6) [last line] KITNIS - legumes


7) [line 2] ASRA D'MEZABNEI B'SHUMA - a place where items are sold by rough estimate
8) [line 3] HEICHA D'YAHIV LEI SELA, MOZLI GABEI TEFEI - if he gives an entire Sela, they give him a better deal

9a) [line 4] B'ASRA D'CHAILEI B'CHANEI - [we are dealing] with a place where they measure with a Kana (a small measure), i.e. they sell by volume with an exact measure
b) [line 16] KANA KANA BI'PRUTAH - each Kana costs a Prutah

10) [line 9] KATINEI - small (disconnected) fields
11) [line 15] IKLA - he visited

(a) If a person makes a profit of one sixth of the total value on an item that he sells without the purchaser's knowledge, the transaction is valid, but the seller must return the profit to the purchaser. If the profit is less than one sixth, nothing is returned. If the profit is more than one sixth, the sale is invalid even if the profit is returned.
(b) With regard to sales of real estate, even if the profit is more than one sixth, the sale is valid and nothing is returned.

13) [line 23] L'SAKUNEI SHEDARTICH V'LO L'AVUSI - I sent you to benefit me and not to cause me a loss

(a) After a crop is harvested and brought to the owner's house or yard, he must separate Terumah Gedolah from the crop and give it to a Kohen. Although the Torah does not specify the amount to be given, the Rabanan set the requirement at one fiftieth of the total crop. More generous landowners separated one fortieth while the less generous separated one sixtieth.
(b) The obligation to give Terumah is learned from the verse, "Reishis Deganecha Tiroshecha v'Yitzharecha...Titen Lo" - "The first portion of your *grain*, *wine* and *oil*...give [to the Kohen]" (Devarim 18:4). The Rishonim dispute from which crops one is obligated to give Terumah mid'Oraisa.

1. According to RASHI (here and elsewhere), TOSFOS (Bechoros 54a DH u'Shnei and elsewhere), the RA'AVAD (Hilchos Ma'aser 1:9) and the SEFER HA'CHINUCH (#507), Terumah mid'Oraisa is only taken from the crops mentioned in this verse, grains, grapes and olives.
2. According to the RAMBAN (Devarim 14:22), Terumah mid'Oraisa is only taken from grains, wine and olive oil, but not from raw grapes and olives. (According to Tosfos in Bava Metzia 88b DH Ki, although Terumah mid'Oraisa must be taken from grapes and olives as well, that is only if they were harvested to be eaten.)
3. According to the RAMBAM (Hilchos Terumos 2:1,6), Terumah mid'Oraisa must be taken from all produce that is not ownerless (Hefker), that grows from the ground and that is regularly eaten by humans.
(c) According to all opinions, there is at least a Mitzvah mid'Rabanan to separate Terumah from all produce that is not ownerless, that grows from the ground, and that is regularly eaten by humans (MINCHAS CHINUCH # 507).

*15*) [line 28] V'ILU GABEI BA'AL HA'BAYIS TANYA - (Even though the rule of "Ein Ona'ah b'Karka'os" has nothing to do with the separation of Terumah, the Gemara is justified in comparing a Shali'ach who separates an overly-large portion of Terumah to one who prices a field below its true value. In both cases, the number that the Shali'ach chose could legitimately be called the "true worth" of the Terumah or of the field; in the case of Terumah, because 1/40, 1/50 and 1/60 of the total produce are *all* legitimate values for the separation of Terumah, and in the case of the sale of land, because any monetary value assigned to land is legitimate, since "Ein Ona'ah b'Karka'os" -- CHASAM SOFER)

16) [line 35] SHUM HA'DAYANIN - an appraisal and sale of land made by Beis Din to pay a widow her Kesuvah (TIFERES YISRAEL)

17) [line 35] SHE'PICHASU SHETUS - who sold the field for a sixth less than it was worth

18) [line 37] IM KEN, MAH KO'ACH BEIS DIN YAFEH? - if not, how will the authority of Beis Din be effective (if we do not validate their sale)?

19) [line 38] IGERES BIKORES - a letter or public announcement inviting buyers to examine an assessed property (see Background to Kesuvos 98:1)

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