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Kesuvos 86

KESUVOS 86 - Sponsored anonymously in honor of Brian and Bailey Sigman, on the occasion of the birth of their baby girl.

1) [line 2] V'SEIRSAH MINEI - and she will then inherit it from him
2) [line 3] ORCHEI HA'DAYANIN - lawyers (who try to influence the outcome of a Halachic ruling)

3) [line 5] "...UMI'BESARCHA LO SIS'ALAM." - "[Surely you should share your bread with the hungry, and bring the poor, who are cast out, into your house. When you see the naked, cover him;] and do not hide yourself from your own flesh." (Yeshayah 58: 7)

4) [line 9] MEKARKESH LEI ZUZEI - he hires (lit. he jingles money in front of) the debtor [to write him a new document of debt in his name so that the creditor, who sold the document, will not be able to annul it]

5) [line 11] DINA D'GARMI
(a) Rebbi Meir holds a person liable for damaging another person or his possessions even in an indirect manner. For example, not rebuilding a fence that separates between the fields of two landowners may cause one person's vines to prohibit the grain of his neighbor as Kil'ayim (see Background to Yevamos 81:11). Rebbi Meir holds the person who did not rebuild his fence liable for causing the other field to become prohibited.
(b) There are two manners of causing indirect damage. The less direct manner is known as "Grama," for which even Rebbi Meir does *not* hold a person liable. The more direct manner is known as "Garmi," for which Rebbi Meir holds a person liable. (The Rishonim argue as to the definition of "more direct.")

6) [line 11] MAGVI BEI - extracts payment (the face value of the document) with it
7) [line 14] KI KESHURA L'TZALMEI - (lit. like a beam that is used for etched drawings, i.e. straight and smooth) full payment

8) [line 28] TOLEH ME'OSAV B'OVED KOCHAVIM - he claimed that the money that was in his possessions belonged to a Nochri

9) [line 31] PRI'AS BA'AL CHOV MITZVAH - it is a Mitzvas Aseh to pay back a loan. This is learned from the verse, "Hin Tzedek" (Vayikra 19:36), that a person's "Hen," i.e. his acknowledgement or his word, shall be righteous or just (Bava Metzi'a 49a). (If the borrower owns land, there is a lien on his property, "Shia'bud ha'Guf," which allows the debtor to collect the loan regardless of the above-mentioned Mitzvah. However, if the borrower only has movable property, "Metaltelim," his only obligation to repay the loan is moral, a "Shi'abud ha'Guf," due to the Mitzvah. He has no monetary obligation allowing the debtor to collect the debt.)


10) [line 4] TZIDEI RESHUS HA'RABIM - an area at the side of Reshus ha'Rabim (that is set off with pegs and large stones stuck into the ground as a barrier so that people and wagons will not rub against the walls at the side of Reshus ha'Rabim) that is used by the public only when Reshus ha'Rabim is congested (RASHI, esp. to Kesuvos 31b DH Tzidei)

11) [line 12] AGAM - a marsh (that is not owned by anyone)
12) [line 20] MINAH APOTROPYA - if he appointed her to be the manager of the household
13) [line 22] AL PILCHAH - with regard to her spindle (that she did not keep any yarn for herself)

14) [line 22] ISASAH - her dough
15) [line 23] GILGUL - (lit. "rolling") the extension of an oath. If a defendant has to take an oath in Beis Din in response to one claim of a plaintiff, he can be required by that plaintiff to include within his oath a response to another outstanding claim from the same plaintiff. This extension applies even to affirmations that the defendant would not have been required to make otherwise.

16) [line 24] L'CHATCHILAH - [taking an oath] directly (independent of other oaths)
17a) [line 25] EIN ADAM DAR IM NACHASH BI'CHEFIFAH - a man cannot live together with a snake in a basket
b) KEFIFAH - a basket made from reeds or sticks of wood such as willows (ARUCH)

18) [line 28] D'KADAIKAS BASRAI - since you are being so critical and picayunish with me

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