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Kesuvos 84

1) [line 22] YENAKEH LAHEN MIN HA'DAMIM - he must deduct [a certain sum] from the money that they give him

2) [line 27] PEGAM MISHPACHAH - discredit of the family, that others will be buried in their burial plot and that they must be buried in the burial plot of others

3a) [line 30] MA'AMAD - a privately owned place reserved for "Ma'amad." In certain areas, after burying the dead, the funeral escort would walk a short distance and then stop and sit down to comfort the relatives of the deceased and to mourn ("Ma'amad u'Moshav"). They would repeat this procedure seven times. (RASHBAM Bava Basra 100b)
b) [line 30] MEKOM HESPEIDO - the place where the eulogies are delivered

4) [line 35] KOSHEL SHE'BAHEN - the weakest amongst them; the litigant with the greatest disadvantage

5) [line 49] KOSHEL SHE'B'RE'AYAH - the one with the weakest evidence (whose document has the latest date and who therefore can only claim properties that were sold after that date)

6) [line 50] MISHUM CHINA - (a) in order for men to find grace [in the eyes of women so that the women will agree to marry them] (RASHI); (b) [the Rabanan decreed that women would collect their Kesuvos in all cases of doubt] in order for women to agree to serve their husbands and to find favor in the eyes of their husbands (ARUCH)


7) [line 5] SIMTA - a corner that is next to Reshus ha'Rabim, to which merchants withdraw to transact business

8) [line 6] DUN DAYANEI K'REBBI TARFON - [It once happened that] judges ruled like Rebbi Tarfon (in a case where one of the litigants seized an object or objects)

9) [line 8] ASISA K'SHEL TORAH! - You have made [the ruling of Rebbi Akiva] like a Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai!

(a) The mistaken rulings of a judge fall into two categories (Sanhedrin 33a). Ta'ah bi'Devar Mishnah means that the judge forgot an explicit Halachah. In such a situation, the judge reverses his mistaken ruling and permits what he originally prohibited, etc.
(b) The second type of mistake is termed a Ta'us b'Shikul ha'Da'as, and it involves a Halachah that is not explicit, but rather implicit. An example of this is when two Tana'im or Amora'im argue on a certain point, and the Gemara does not specify the Halachic ruling, however, the Halachah can be inferred from a Sugya elsewhere (e.g. the Gemara elsewhere follows one of the two opinions without mentioning the other one). A judge who rules like the unmentioned opinion is termed a To'eh b'Shikul ha'Da'as. He does not reverse the mistaken ruling in such a case, since it does have some basis.

11a) [line 17] HALACHAH ITMAR - (a) we teach publicly that Rebbi Akiva's ruling is to be followed (RASHI to Eruvin 46b); (b) we teach Rebbi Akiva's ruling publicly. If someone rules according to the contradictory opinion, we revoke the results (TOSFOS to Eruvin ibid. DH Rebbi Asi)
b) [line 18] MATIN ITMAR - leans, inclines; i.e. (a) we tell an individual to follow his ruling, but this is not taught publicly (RASHI ibid.); (b) we teach his ruling publicly. However, if someone rules according to the contradictory opinion, we protest the decision, but we do not revoke the results (TOSFOS ibid.)

12) [line 23] SHE'KENEGDI CHALUK ALAI - my peer disagrees with me
13) [line 23] BAKARA D'YASMEI - cattle-herd of orphans
14) [line 23] D'SAFSI TORA MINEI BA'AL CHOV - from whom a creditor (of the deceased father) seized a bull

15) [line 29] HA'GODROS - small domesticated animals such as sheep and goats
16) [line 30] D'VEI NESI'AH - the household of the Nasi
17) [line 33] SHAPIR TAFSITUHA - they seized it justly
18) [line 34] MECHANFISU LEHU - you are favoring them
19) [line 36] HAVAH MASIK BEI ZUZEI B'HAHU GAVRA - had lent money to a certain person
20) [line 37] SHAVIK ARBA - he left (only) a boat

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