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Kesuvos 72

1) [line 4] SOFNAH - (a) buries her (RASHI, ARUCH); (b) attaches importance to her (TOSFOS to Moed Katan 28a, citing the ARUCH)

2) [line 8] DI'SEPEID, YISPEDUNEI - one who mourns shall be mourned
3) [line 9] D'YADEL, YIDLUNEI - the one who raises his voice to cry and eulogize shall have others cry for him and will be eulogized in a raised voice by others

4) [line 9] D'LAVAI, YELAVUNEI - one who escorts the dead shall be escorted
5) [line 9] D'TA'AN, YIT'ANUNEI - one who carries the dead shall be carried by others

6) [line 16] DEVARIM SHEL KALON - shameful things
7) [line 18] SHE'TEMALEI V'NOFETZES - she runs quickly and forcefully after marital relations so that she does not become pregnant

8a) [line 25] NAPAH - a sieve
b) [line 25] KEVARAH - a sieve for sifting grain (TIFERES YISRAEL to Shabbos 8:2)

9a) [line 34] V'EINAH KOTZAH LAH CHALAH - and she does not take off Chalah (see next entry)

b) [line 34] CHALAH
Whenever a person kneads a dough made from one of the five species of grain (wheat, barley, oats, rye or spelt), he must separate a small portion to be given to the Kohen, as specified in Bamidbar 15:17-21. This portion is called Chalah. The requirement to separate Chalah with a Berachah only applies to a dough made from the volume of 43.2 Beitzim of flour (about 10 1/2 cups or 2.48 liters). An amount about half that much requires Chalah to be separated without a Berachah. A baker must separate 1/48 of his dough as Chalah, while a normal homeowner must separate 1/24.

10) [line 34] NODERES
The laws of Nedarim (vows) are described in the Torah in Bamidbar 30:2-17 and in Maseches Nedarim. If a person makes a vow not to eat a certain food and he eats from that food after being warned by two witnesses not to, he is punished with Malkos.

11) [line 36] HA'MEKALELES YOLDAV B'FANAV - a wife who curses her husband's parents in his presence

12) [line 36] KOLANIS - a woman who speaks in a very loud voice (the content of which is discussed on Amud Beis)

13) [line 44] HUCHZEKAH NIDAH BI'SHECHEINOSEHAH - it was known to her neighbors that she was a Nidah

14) [line 46] GABAL - a person who kneads dough
15) [line 47] "AL TITEN ES PICHA LA'CHATI..." - "Do not let your mouth bring sin upon your flesh (your sons), and do not say before the messenger (the treasurer of Hekdesh) that it was a mistake; why should the Almighty be angry at your voice (your vow) and destroy the work of your hands (your children)?" (Koheles 5:5)

16) [line 49] "LA'SHAV HIKEISI ES BENEICHEM?! MUSAR LO LAKACHU..." - "Have I smitten your sons for no reason?! [It is because] *you* did not learn discipline (the ways of the Torah)..." (Yirmeyahu 2:30, according to RASHI and METZUDAS DAVID ibid.) - Rav Nachman interprets the beginning of this verse as, "Your dealings with "Shav" (vanity, untruth) have caused Me to smite your sons..." "Shav" refers to making vows and not keeping them.

17) [line 49] AL ISKEI SHAV - because of dealings with vanity
18) [line 50] V'YAKNITENAH - and anger her

*19*) [line 50] V'YAKNITENAH KEDEI SHE'TADUR B'FANAV - that is, the husband should constantly pick quarrels with his wife, so that his wife, in return, will be sure to inform him of any Neder she makes (in private) that affects him, as a way of avenging herself. The husband can then perform Hafarah for the Neder in private, so that his wife is not aware of the Hafarah and does not feel a need to repeat the vow after the Hafarah to thwart him. (RITVA)

20a) [line 51] EIN ADAM DAR IM NACHASH BI'CHEFIFAH - a man can not live together with a snake in a basket
b) KEFIFAH - a basket made from reeds or sticks of wood such as willows (ARUCH)


21) [line 1] KALASAH - a woman's basket that holds spindles and linen and that can be worn on the head

22) [line 3] HAVI BAH REBBI ZEIRA - Rebbi Zeira asked a question about it (the statement of Rebbi Yochanan)

23) [line 7] V'DERECH MAVOY - through a connecting alleyway (that is only used by the people who live in the courtyards adjacent to the alleyway)

24) [line 10] B'TOVAH V'RAD K'NEGED PANEHA - (a) when she spins thread [on her thigh] and she makes the thread *fall* against her private parts (RASHI); (b) According to the reading, "B'TOVAH *VERED* K'NEGED PANEHA" - when she spins *red* thread that accentuates and highlights her facial features (TOSFOS, citing RABEINU CHANANEL)

25) [line 14] ARAVIYA - an Arab woman or a Jewish woman from Arabia
26) [line 15] KA SHADYA PILCHA - she "cast the spindle," i.e. she was spinning thread

27) [line 16] PESIKTEI L'FILCHAH, SHEDISEI - she snapped [the thread that was on] her spindle and she threw it down [in front of them]

28) [line 17] ULEIM - young man
29) [line 17] AMAR BAH RAV UKVA MILSA - Rav Ukva said something about her
30) [line 22] B'MEKALELES (YOLIDAV) [YOLDAV] BIFNEI (MOLIDAV) [MOLDAV] - when she curses his progenitors in the presence of his children

31) [line 25] NEICHLEI ARYA L'SABA! - A lion should eat your grandfather!
32) [line 25] B'APEI BEREI - in the presence of his (her husband's) son
33) [line 30] MECHAVARTA KED'SHANYAN ME'IKARA - it is clearly correct as we originally answered (Shmuel's answer)

34) [line 33] KANSAH - he married her

*35*) [line 33] V'NIMTZE'U ALEHA NEDARIM, TETZEI SHE'LO BI'CHESUVAH - that is, if she was found to have vowed Nidrei Inuy Nefesh, the husband may divorce her without giving her a Kesuvah. (When the Mishnah earlier, 71a, said that it is only grounds for divorce if a woman swears *and does not fulfill her vow*, it was referring to Nedarim *other than* Nidrei Inuy Nefesh. Our Mishnah, that says Nedarim are grounds for divorce even when the woman fulfills them, is discussing specifically Nidrei Inuy Nefesh -- TOSFOS 71a DH v'Im.)

36) [line 39] BIGDEI TZIV'ONIM - colorful garments

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