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Kesuvos 54

1) [line 17] BIKASI - my small hut
2) [line 19] NISPAISAH - and she agreed
3) [line 22] KICHALAH - if she painted her eyelids with a blue or tinted powder
4) [line 22] PIRKESAH - (a) if she colored her face red by applying mud or rouge to her face (RASHI to Kesuvos 4b; see TOSFOS to Moed Katan 9b DH Pokeses and RASHI to Shabbos 64b DH v'Lo Sifkos); (b) if she parted her hair with a comb or her hands (RASHI to Mo'ed Katan 9b DH Pokeses)

5) [line 24] YETZER ANASAH - her evil inclination (overpowered and) compelled her

6) [line 27] APOTIKI
An Apotiki is an object or a piece of land that is designated as a security for a debt, without being placed in the possession of the creditor.

7) [line 30] BAVEL V'CHOL PARVADAHA - the city of Babylon and all of the surrounding suburbs and villages (ARUCH)

8) [line 34] AD HEICHA D'SAGI KAVA D'NEHARDA'A - until the outermost region where the Kav (a measure) of Neharda'ah is used (for selling wheat)

9) [line 36] V'CHILUFA B'LAKIT - and the opposite with regard to a hired laborer (Rav rules Ein Shamin while Shmuel rules Shamin)

10) [line 37] "YASMA V'ARMALTA SHELACH U'FUK" - (lit. "Strip the orphan and widow of their clothes and send them away") a way to remember that Rav rules that the value of their clothes are deducted from the wages of the "orphan" (the hired laborer) and from the value of the widow's Kesuvah

11) [line 39] HA'MA'ARICH
Erech (= endowment valuation) refers to a special form of vow. If a person declares, "Erech Ploni Alay" ("I accept upon myself to give the endowment value of so-and-so to Hekdesh"), he must give the specific value that the Torah designates for the person's gender and age group as stated in Vayikra 27:1-8 (see Chart below). It makes no difference at all whether the person is healthy or sick, strong or weak.

1 Mo. - 5 Yrs. 5 Shekels 3 Shekels
5 - 20 Yrs. 20 Shekels 10 Shekels
20 - 60 Yrs. 50 Shekels 30 Shekels
Over 60 Yrs. 15 Shekels 10 Shekels

12) [line 40] B'TZEVA SHE'TZAVA LI'SHEMAN - colored garments that were dyed for them

13) [line 42] LICH'ORA KI'SHMUEL REHITA - (a) at first glance, the Mishnah appears to follow Shmuel's opinion (RASHI, ARUCH); (b) according to the Girsa of l'Chi'ora (spelled with an "Ayin" rather than an "Alef") - to the ugly (i.e. unlearned) person, the Mishnah appears to follow Shmuel's opinion (TOSFOS RID)

14) [line 44] A'DA'ATA L'MISHKAL UL'MEIPAK - with the intention that she should take them and leave him

15) [line 45] KA MAMTI LEHU L'VEI DINA - she made them come to Beis Din
16) [line 45] ZILA LAN MILSA D'SEIZLI HACHI - it is a disgrace to us that you should go to Beis Din in such a manner (wearing such degrading clothes)

17) [line 46] LEVISHTINHU V'ICHSETINHU L'CHULEI MANA - they clothed her and dressed her in all types of garments

18) [last line] NIDUNYA LI'VERAS - part of my assets should be set aside as a dowry for my daughter

19) [last line] ZAL NIDUNYA - the value of those assets went down
20) [last line] PURNA L'YASMEI - the profits should go to the orphans (i.e. they should not suffer a loss; they do not have to provide her with the value of the dowry at the time of the father's stipulation)


21) [line 1] MIN CHAMRA - from (my) wine
22) [line 3] ITAS ABA - a father's wife (a stepmother)
23) [line 9] MAPIKNA LECHU REBBI YOCHANAN ME'UNAICHU - (a) (lit. "I will remove Rebbi Yochanan from your ear") I will inform you that Rebbi Yochanan will not be able to help you, since I will excommunicate you (RASHI to Yevamos 60b and to Sanhedrin 8a DH Mapikna; (b) I will refute all of his proofs [such that his statement will no longer strengthen your claim] (RASHI to Chulin 132b DH Mapikna)

24) [line 11] SHE'KENEGDI CHALUK ALAI - my peer disagrees with me

*****PEREK #5 AF AL PI*****

25) [line 25] HISKABALTI MIMCHA MANAH - I received from you a Manah, one hundred Zuz

26) [line 29] KITZUSA - a fixed amount
27) [line 35] MOREDES - a woman who rebels against her husband (a) refusing to have marital relation with him; (b) refusing to work for him

28) [last line] POGEMES - a woman who receives partial payment of her Keusvah

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