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Kesuvos 52

1) [line 5] HA'MADIR ES ISHTO - one who makes a vow prohibiting his wife from having benefit from him

2) [line 17] V'KIYEM LAH HU (HAFARAS and KIYUM NEDARIM - Annulling and Enforcing vows)
(a) A man has the right to annul certain vows of his wife and his daughter, as the Torah states in Bamidbar 30:6, 9, 13-14. He accomplishes this if on the day that he hears the vow he states "Mufar Lach" ("it is annulled"). There is an argument among the Tana'im whether the vow must be annulled before nightfall on the day the husband/father heard it, or before 24 hours pass from when he heard it (Shabbos 157a). If he does not annul the vow by the end of the day, or if he is Mekayem (upholds) the vow even before the day is over (by saying "the vow should remain valid!"), the vow takes effect and his wife or daughter must abide by their vows.
(b) A father may annul the vows of his daughter while she is a minor or Na'arah (when she grows two pubic hairs) until she becomes a Bogeres (six months after she becomes a Na'arah). If the father marries her off when she is a minor, during the period of Eirusin both the father *and* the future husband must annul the vows in order for the annulment to take place. After the period of Nisu'in, the husband may annul the vows and not the father. Nobody may annul the vows of an unmarried *mature* woman; they need to be revoked, as follows.
(c) When an adult makes a Neder (or designates Chalah, Terumah or Kodshim) or Nezirus, he may have it revoked by a Beis Din of three (if they are not outstanding authorities) or a Yachid Mumcheh (an outstanding authority). The general method used is that Beis Din investigates whether the person would not have made the Neder in the first place had he been aware of a particular fact.

3) [line 46] CHAVIVI - (lit. my beloved one) Rebbi Chiya, Rav's uncle. Rav's father Aibo was Rebbi Chiya's brother from the same father. However, they did not share the same mother. Aibo married Rebbi Chiya's sister from his mother, and as such, Rav was the son of Rebbi Chiya's brother and sister (Sanhedrin 5a)


4) [line 12] REFU'AH SHE'YESH LAH KITZVAH - a cure or treatment that has a limit, since the illness is not chronic

5) [line 16] KERIVEI D'REBBI YOCHANAN - Rebbi Yochanan's relatives
6) [line 16] ITAS ABA - father's wife (stepmother)
7) [line 18] IZILU KUTZU LEI MIDI L'ROFEI - go, set a price with the doctor [that will cover the cost of all of the treatments that she will receive] (so that the treatments will be a Refu'ah she'Yesh Lah Kitzvah and will be deducted from her Keusvah)

8) [line 19] ORCHEI HA'DAYANIN - lawyers (who try to influence the outcome of a Halachic ruling)

9) [line 21] BENIN DICHRIN D'YEHEVU LICHI MINAI - sons that you will have from me

10) [line 21] YESER AL CHULAKHON D'IM ACHUHON - over and above their portion of the estate that will be divided among them and their brothers

11) [line 22] BENAN NUKBAN - daughters
12) [line 23] YEHEVYAN YASVAN B'VEISI - will dwell in my house
13) [line 23] U'MITZANAN MI'NICHSAI - and will be fed from my properties
14) [line 23] AD D'SILAKCHON L'GUVRIN - until they will get married
15) [line 24] KOL YEMEI MEIGAR ALMENUSICH - all the days of the extent of your widowhood

16) [line 26] GALIL - the land of Galil, consisting of the modern-day Galil, north of Megido

17) [line 26] YEHUDAH - the land of Yehudah, consisting of the lands south of the ancient city of Antipatris, near the modern-day Rosh ha'Ayin

18) [line 29] V'YICHTOV L'VITO KI'VENO - so that he will consign to his daughter [part of his assets as a dowry while he is alive] just as [he bequeaths his assets to] his son

19) [line 30] BERA LIROS, BARTA LO TEIROS - a son should inherit [but] a daughter should not inherit

20) [line 30] U'MESAKNEI D'SEIROS BERATA?! - and they enact an ordinance that causes the daughter to inherit?!; i.e. since the daughter gets as a dowry a portion of the father's estate (while he is alive) that was destined to be inherited only by his sons

21) [line 33] D'NILBESHAH V'NICHSAH - that he should clothe her and dress her
22) [line 34] KI HEICHI D'KAFTZI ALAH - in order that bachelors should hurry (lit. jump) to marry her

23) [line 35] AD L'ISUR NICHSEI - up to one tenth of the father's possessions
24) [line 35] V'EIMA D'AV LIROS, D'VA'AL LO LIROS - perhaps the sons of the wife should inherit only the dowry given by her father, but not the part of the Kesuvah given by the husband

25) [line 40] MOSAR DINAR - an extra Dinar [above and beyond the value of the two Kesuvos]. (Kesuvas Benin Dichrin only takes effect if there are assets in the father's estates that can be apportioned according to the Torah laws of inheritance. If not, all of the sons share all of the assets equally.)

26) [line 41] I'ASAK LEI LI'VREI - looked for a prospective bride for his son
27) [line 42] NAFAK ASA ISCHAZI LEI - he (Yehudah bar Mereimar) went out to meet him (Rav Papa)

28) [last line] KI MATU L'FISCHA - when they arrived at the door
29) [last line] HAVAH KA MIFTAR MINEI - he (Yehudah bar Mereimar) acted as if he were taking leave of him (Rav Papa)

30) [last line] NEI'OL MAR BAHADAI? - Please, Sir, won't you enter with me?

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