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Kesuvos 44

1) [line 2] ACHULI ACHILTEI L'SHI'ABUDA KAMA - she chose to forgo and cancel the lien on his assets that was in existence from the time written in the first Kesuvah

2) [line 8] OSIF BEI DIKLA - if he added in the second document a palm tree (that he would not have received using the first document)

3) [line 15] DINA D'VAR MITZRA
When a person sells a field, the owners of the neighboring fields have the first rights to buy it.

4) [line 21] ORO'EI SAHADEI - to disqualify the witnesses [who signed the first document]

5) [line 21] LI'SHELUMEI PEIREI - to pay for the produce of the field that was eaten between the dates written in the first and second documents

6) [line 22] TASKA - tax
7) [line 28] PESACH BEIS HA'AV - the door of her father's house (if that was where she lived; RAMBAM Isurei Bi'ah 3:9) (Devarim 22:21; see next entry)

(a) If a man marries a Na'arah (12 year old girl who has attained physical maturity) who is a Besulah (a virgin who was never married in the past) and, after the Chupah is performed, he falsely accuses her of committing adultery and losing her virginity prior to the Chupah, he receives Malkos (lashes) for his slanderous speech (Devarim 22:18). He must also give her father 100 Shekalim and never divorce her against her will (ibid. 22:19).
(b) The husband can prove that she was not a virgin either by bringing witnesses that she had relations with another man after the Eirusin (betrothal), or through a Ta'anas Damim, in which he proves that he found she had no virginal blood (see Background to Kesuvos 11:2). The wife (or her father) can prove that her husband is lying, and that she was a virgin, either by bringing testimony that the husband's witnesses are Edim Zomemim (conspiring witnesses, see Background to Kesuvos 32:4), or by proving that she did indeed have virginal blood (and her husband hid the sheet).
(c) If it is found that she indeed *had* committed adultery after not heeding the warning of two witnesses, she is taken to the door of her father's house (if that was where she lived at the time that she sinned -- RAMBAM Isurei Bi'ah 3:9) and is put to death by stoning (Devarim 22:21). The same is true if witnesses testified *before* her marriage that she committed adultery, except that in such a case she is put to death by stoning at the city gates (Devarim 22:24, Kesuvos 45a).
(d) If the wife was a Ketanah (i.e. she did not yet reach physical maturity) or Bogeres (i.e. more than half a year has passed since she reached physical maturity and became a Na'arah) or a Be'ulah (a non-virgin) or had once been married at the time of the adultery, these Halachos do not apply. Her husband does not receive Malkos and is not fined 100 Shekalim if he is found to be lying. If his claim is true, she is not liable to the death penalty of Sekilah but rather to Chenek (choking). (Kesuvos 48b, 44b. According to some Rishonim, there are circumstances under which even a Bogeres adulteress is punished with Sekilah, see Insights to 45a.)
(e) Our Mishnah shows that these Halachos apply only to girls who were conceived and born from Jewish parents.


9) [line 22] "NA'ARAH MALEI" - this is because the word Na'arah is written with a "Heh" at the end (referring only to a Na'arah) whereas it is usually written without it (as Noon Ayin Reish, which can also connote a Ketanah)

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