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Kesuvos 6

KESUVOS 6-9 - have been anonymously dedicated by a unique Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah living in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.

1) [line 6] MESOCHRAYA D'NAZYASA - (a) the cloth used as a stopper for a barrel (RASHI); (b) the cloth wrapped around the spigot of a barrel that aids in tightening the spigot into the hole of the barrel (RASHI to Shabbos 111a and to Bechoros 25a)

2) [line 6] L'HADUKAH - to tighten it [(a) the cloth stopper or (b) the spigot that inevitably squeezes the cloth wrapping]

3) [line 8] PESIK REISHEI
An act that will certainly result in a forbidden Melachah being unintentionally performed on Shabbos or Yom Tov is called a Pesik Reishei v'Lo Yamus (Literally, "[Can one] cut off the head [of an animal] and it will not die?!").
(a) A Pesik Reshei is a type of Davar she'Eino Miskaven. Davar she'Eino Miskavein is an act that is done for a certain purpose (which will be accomplished without transgressing a Melachah), but which *may* result in a Melachah being inadvertently performed. Rebbi Yehudah prohibits performing such an action mid'Rabanan, since it may result in a Melachah. Rebbi Shimon disagrees, claiming that even though a Melachah may result from this action, since the Melachah will come about without intent, the action is permitted. However, when a Melachah will definitely occur as a result of one's action, this is a Pesik Reshei and is forbidden. (For example, if a person cut the head off of a chicken and states that he had no intention to kill the animal but he merely wanted its blood to feed to his dogs, it is considered as though he had full intention to kill the animal since it was an inevitable outcome of his act, and he is Chayav.)
(b) If the Melachah that inevitably occurs as a result of one's action is *not desirable*, he will not be Chayav according to Rebbi Shimon, because it is no worse than a Melachah she'Einah Tzerichah l'Gufah (Shabbos 103a, Tosfos). According to others, when the inevitable result of one's action is not desirable, it is even permissible to perform such an act *l'Chatchilah* according to Rebbi Shimon, and it is like any other Davar she'Eino Miskaven (Aruch, cited in Tosfos Shabbos 103a; see Insights to Shabbos 110:1). If the person is pleased with the Melachah that results inevitably from his action, then it is a Pesik Reshei for which everyone (Rebbi Shimon and Rebbi Yehudah alike) agrees that one is Chayav and the transgressor must bring a Korban Chatas for atonement.

4) [line 18] SHE'LO HIGI'A ZEMANAH LIR'OS - who has not reached the age of menstruation (puberty)

5) [line 20] AD SHE'TICHYEH HA'MAKAH - until the wound heals


6) [line 6] PIRTZAH DECHUKAH - a narrow opening
7) [line 7] MESHIR TZEROROS - he made pebbles fall down, i.e. he removes the Besulim
8) [line 28] HATAYAH - to move sideways and not remove the Besulim
9) [line 31] SHOSHVININ - the best man and the groomsman appointed by the bride's family
10) [line 33] HA'MEFIS MURSA - one who squeezes an abscess
11) [last line] LA'ASOS LAH PEH - to make an opening for it (for the removal of any puss that forms in the future)

12) [last line] LEICHAH - puss

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