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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Gitin 90

GITIN 90 (Siyum!) - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.


(a) What does Beis Shamai extrapolate from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Ki Matza Bah *Ervas* Davar"?

(b) What do Beis Hillel extrapolate from "Davar" in the same Pasuk?

(c) Rebbi Akiva is the most lenient of all.
From where does he learn that a man may divorce his wife simply because he found someone nicer than her?

(a) According to ...
  1. ... Beis Hillel, why does the Torah find it necessary to add "Ervas"?
  2. ... Beis Shamai, the Torah writes "Davar" to Darshen a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Davar" "Davar" from Eidus.
    What do we Darshen from this 'Gezeirah-Shavah?
(b) Assuming that Beis Hillel agrees with the 'Gezeirah-Shavah', how do they manage to learn from there the D'rashah in our Mishnah?

(c) How do Beis Shamai counter Beis Hillel's argument? What would the Torah have written had it wanted to teach us the option of divorcing one's wife for burning the food?

(d) What do Beis Hillel reply to that?

(a) Resh Lakish gives four meanings to the word "Ki": 'I', 'Dilma', 'Ela' and 'Deha'.
What do each of these mean?

(b) What does "Ki" mean in the Pasuk in Eikev "Ki Somar bi'Levav'cha Rabim ha'Goyim ha'Eileh ... Lo Siyrah Meihem"? Why can it not mean 'if' (with the connotation of 'Pen')?

(c) Based on Resh Lakish, Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue with Rebbi Akiva over the interpretation of the word "Ki" in the Pasuk "ve'Hayah Im Lo Simtza Chein be'Einav ... Ki Matza Bah Ervas Davar".
How will we translate "Ki Matza Bah Ervas Davar" according to ...

  1. ... Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel?
  2. ... Rebbi Akiva?
(a) Rav Papa asked Abaye what the Din would be if he found neither 'Ervas nor 'Davar'.
What (and according to which Tana) was he asking him?

(b) Rava answered from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Lo Yuchal Shalchah *Kol Yamav*".
What Halachah is this Pasuk coming to teach us?

(c) How did Rava extraplolate the answer to Rav Papa's She'eilah from there?

(a) Rav Mesharshaya asked Rava about a man who has in mind to divorce his wife, whilst she continues to serve him faithfully.
What was he asking him?

(b) What did Rava reply?

(c) What three levels of fussiness does Rebbi Meir cite regarding people into whose food a fly falls?

(d) He compares them to three levels of people with regard to the way they react towards their wives.
What is the equivalent to ...

  1. ... the first level (the man who pours out the entire bowl)?
  2. ... the second level (the way most people react)?
  3. ... the third level (of the man who sucks out the fly and eats it)?
(a) Which famous man fitted into the first of these categories?

(b) Is this a Midah that one ought to emulate?

(a) In the last of the four levels, Rebbi Meir lists three things that the man sees his wife doing: She goes into the street with her head uncovered, and she spins in the street uncovering her arms in the process.
What is the third thing?

(b) Why do we need to amend the original text 've'Rochtzos im B'nei Adam'?

(c) What does Rebbi Meir say about a woman who does these things?

(d) Why does the Torah describe a man who marries a woman whom her husband divorced because of such reasons "Ish Acher"?

Answers to questions



(a) And what does Rebbi Meir comment on the sequence of the Pasuk "u'S'nei'ah ha'Ish ha'Acharon ... O Ki Yamus ha'Ish ha'Acharon'?

(b) How does Rebbi Yehudah explain the Pasuk in Mal'achi "Ki Sanei Sh'lach"! Like which of the above Tana'im does Rebbi Yehudah hold?

(c) How does Rebbi Yochanan interpret this Pasuk"? Note: Rebbi Yehudah was a Tana, and Rebbi Yochanan, an Amora, and the disputants do not match.

(d) According to other texts, he explains the Pasuk like Beis Hillel.
How does he then interpret the Pasuk?

(a) We conclude that in fact, Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Yochanan do not argue, because Rebbi Yehudah is speaking about divorcing one's second wife (whom, all the Tana'im agree, one is permitted to divorce even without a solid reason to do so). Whereas Rebbi Yochanan, who declines to explain like Yehudah, is speaking about divorcing his first wife (over whom they argue). What does Rebbi Elazar say about someone who divorces his first wife (without a solid reason)?

(b) How does the Navi Malachi describe a man who does this?

*** Hadran Alach ha'Megaresh u'Selika Lah Maseches Gitin ***

Answers to questions

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