REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Gitin 61
GITIN 61 - dedicated by Mr. Avi Berger of Queens, N.Y. in memory of his
parents, Pinchas ben Reb Avraham Yitzchak and Leah bas Michal Mordechai
(a) We learned in our Mishnah that ...
The Tana of a Beraisa obligates sustaining poor Nochrim alongside poor Jews.
In which other way, besides visiting the sick, should one treat Nochrim in
the same way as Yisre'eilim?
(b) In the first of the two previous cases, what is the difference between
Gezel Gamur mi'Divreihem and Gezel Gamur mi'd'Oraysa?
- ... the Tana Kama considers the findings of a 'Chashu' finds Gezel because of Darchei Shalom, whereas according to Rebbi Yossi, it is 'Gezel Gamur'.
What are the ramifications of their Machlokes?
- ... that when a poor man knocks down dates from a date-palm, the same Machlokes is repeated.
Under which circumstances would it be Gezel Gamur mi'd'Oraysa?
(c) What did that man from Hutzal point out to Rav Kahana, when the latter
began to eat the dates that he had knocked down by throwing sticks at them
(see Tosfos D.H. 'Shadi')?
(d) What did Rav Kahana mean when he commented that he must be from the
place of Rebbi Yoshiyah?
(a) A woman is permitted to lend her friend who is suspect on Shevi'is a
sieve, a hand-mill or an oven.
What does 'suspect on Shevi'is' mean?
(b) Why is she forbidden then, to sort out the grain or to grind together
(c) The wife of a Chaver (who is particular about Tum'ah and Taharah) may
lend her friend who is an Am ha'Aretz, a sieve, and even to help her grind
From which point on is she no longer permitted to help her
(d) Why did the Chachamim permit as much as they did without decreeing (on
lending and assisting) in all cases?
(a) On what grounds does the Tana permit the woman to help her friend grind
and sift in the Seifa (in spite of the Chashash Ma'asros), but not in the
Reisha (because of the Chashash Sh'mitah), according to Abaye?
How do we reconcile Rava with the Seifa of the Beraisa 'mi'she'Tatil es
ha'Mayim, Lo Siga Imah', insinuating that the Reisha is not speaking about
Tum'ah and Taharah (but about an Am ha'Aretz le'Ma'asros, like the
(b) Rava disagrees.
What does he say about the principle 'Rov Amei ha'Aretz
(c) He explains the leniency of the Seifa by establishing 'Am ha'Aretz' like
What is an Am ha'Aretz, according to ...
(d) In that case, why is he not concerned about their nonchalance regarding
Tum'ah *before* water has been added?
- ... Rebbi Meir?
- ... the Rabbanan?
Answers to questions
(a) What distinction does the Tana of the Beraisa draw between grinding
one's own wheat and depositing it by someone who is suspect on Shevi'is or
who eats his fruit be'Tuma'h on the one hand, and doing so on the suspect's
behalf, on the other
(b) Why is the Tana so lenient in the Reisha?
(c) In view of what we just learned about Tum'as Chulin, how does Abaye
explain the Seifa of the Beraisa? Why is the Tana strict there?
(d) If the Tana is speaking about a Kohen, we have a problem with the
Reisha, which permits depositing Taharos with him.
What does the Tana of a
Beraisa say about depositing Terumah with ...
- ... a Yisrael Am ha'Aretz?
- ... a Kohen Am ha'Aretz?
(a) On what grounds do we reject Rebbi Ila'a's answer to the above
discrepancy (that the previous Beraisa speaks about an earthenware vessel
which is sealed shut [and which the Kohen will then not render Tamei even if
he touches it])?
(b) How does Rebbi Yirmiyah establish the first Beraisa, to resolve the
discrepancy between the two Beraisos?
(c) In another Beraisa, the Tana permits wheat that one took to a grinder
who is a Kuti or an Am ha'Aretz to grind, regarding Ma'asros and Shevi'is.
What does he say about Tum'ah?
(d) How do we reconcile the Seifa of this Beraisa with the Beraisa above
which is not Choshesh for Tum'ah?
(a) This answer was really obvious, but we nevertheless made a point of
citing this latter Beraisa to ask on the Reisha (which is not concerned that
the custodian might exchange the wheat for un'Ma'asered wheat) from yet
another Beraisa. What does the Tana of another Beraisa say about someone
who gives his mother-in-law (the wife of an Am ha'Aretz) a dough to bake for
(b) We resolve the discrepancy by citing Rebbi Yehudah.
What does Rebbi
Yehudah say in the latter Beraisa? What reason does he give for the
stringency by a mother-in-law?
(c) The Tana of another Beraisa is equally stringent in the case of a
landlady Am ha'Aretz who bakes on behalf of a Talmid-Chacham.
What is the
Talmid-Chacham doing in the guest-house of an Am ha'Aretz?
(d) On what basis does the Tana give her the same Din as a mother-in-law?
(a) The Tana of yet another Beraisa permits the wife of a Chaver to grind
wheat together with the wife of an Am-ha'Aretz as long as she is Temei'ah,
but not when she is Tehorah.
Answers to questions
Why is that?
(b) Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar is more stringent than the Tana Kama.
does he say?
(c) How do we extrapolate from here that other people are also suspect of
exchanging what one gives them?
(d) How does Rav Yosef resolve this Kashya?