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Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Gitin 58

GITIN 58 - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for Torah and those who study it.


(a) According to Rabah bar bar Chana Amar Rebbi Yochanan, they found forty Sa'ah of Tefilin in Beitar.
Where did they find them?

(b) According to Rebbi Yanai be'Rebbi Yishmael however, they found three boxes of forty Sa'ah each, and according to the Tana of a Beraisa, forty boxes of three Sa'ah each.
Do these two opinions argue with each other?

(c) What does the Pasuk in Tehilim cited by Rav Kahana (Or Shilo bar Mari) "bas Bavel ha'Shedudah ... Ashrei she'Yochez, ve'Nipetz Olalayich el ha'Sela" refer to? How do we know that this Pasuk is referring to the first Churban?

(d) According to Rebbi Asi, they found four Kabin of brains.
What does Ula say?

(a) "The Pasuk in Eichah writes "B'nei Tzi'on ha'Yekarim ha'Mesula'im ba'Paz".
Why can this not mean that they were covered with ornaments of Paz (a superior quality gold)?

(b) Then what does it mean?

(c) As a result, what did the Romans do when they were Meshamesh ha'Mitah?

(d) Whereabouts in the Torah, is this disgusting plague hinted?

(a) What horrific incident does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel connect with the Pasuk in Eichah "Eini Olelah le'Nafshi mi'Kol B'nos Iyri"?

(b) There were four hundred Batei Keneisi'os in Beitar, and in each one four hundred children's Rebbe's taught.
How many children did each Rebbe teach?

(c) What did the children do when the enemy first entered Beitar?

(d) How did the story end?

(a) When Rebbi Yehoshua, who was in Rome, heard about the beautiful child who had been taken captive, he stood outside the prison and called out the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Mi Nasan li'Meshisah Ya'akov ve'Yisrael le'Bozezim". What did the child call back?

(b) How did Rebbi Yehoshua react to that?

(c) Did his efforts bear fruit?

(d) What was the name of that captive?

(a) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav relates the story of Rebbi Yishmael ben Elisha's son and daughter who were captured by two different masters, connecting it to the Pasuk in Eichah "Al Eileh Ani Bochiyah, Eini Eini Yordah Mayim".
What happened to them?

(b) And Resh Lakish tells the story of Tzofnas bas Peniel who was taken captive.
Why was she called ...

  1. ... 'Tzofnas'?
  2. ... 'bas Pa'ane'ach'?
(c) What did she ask of Hashem when, after abusing her all night, her captor offered her to sell her to a particularly ugly man, and they began to disgrace her?

(d) Why did Hashem, in an obvious reference to this incident, say "bas Ami Chigri Sak, Hispalshi be'Eifer ... Ki Pis'om Yavo ha'Shoded Aleinu"? Why did He say "Aleinu" and not 'Aleichem'?

(a) He also tells the story of a carpenter's apprentice who took a fancy to his master's wife.
What did he ask his master to do when the latter once needed to borrow money from him?

(b) What did he ...

  1. ... tell his master when he came to him three days later looking for his wife?
  2. ... therefore advise him to do?
(c) What happened next was the final straw that caused the destruction of the Beis Hamikdash.
What was it?

(d) What caused the destruction, according to others?

(a) We learned in our Mishnah that, if someone purchased a field from a Sikrikun and then from the owner, the purchase is invalid.
Why, according to Rav, will the sale be valid, if the owner wrote the buyer a Sh'tar?

(b) What would be required in addition, for the sale to be valid, according to Shmuel?

(c) How does Rav reconcile his opinion with the Beraisa, which states "Lakach ... min ha'Ish, ve'Chazar ve'Lakach min ha'Ishah, Mekcho Bateil ad she'Tichtov Lo Acharayus'? How does he interpret 'Acharayus'?

Answers to questions



(a) The Tana of the Beraisa states that if someone puchases a field from a Sikrikun and retains it for three years before selling it to someone else, the owner has no claim on the second purchaser.
Why can the Tana not be speaking when the second purchaser counters the owner by claiming that the first purchaser bought the field from him (as well as from the Sikrikun)?

(b) Seeing as he does not make such a claim, on what grounds do we then believe him?

(c) How do we reconcile this Beraisa with those in Bava Basra who hold that Beis-Din do not claim on behalf of the heirs or the purchaser, that the man from whom he inherited or purchased the field purchased it in turn, from the owner?

(a) The Beraisa speaks about a case where the Nochri claimed his field from the owner in lieu of a debt (and not because he was a Sikrikun) or because of Anperus.
What is Anperus?

(b) What does the Tana say there?

(c) In the case of Sikrikun, what additional condition is required before the purchaser may retain the field?

(d) Will this condition extend to the case of the creditor or of Anperus?

(a) What does Rav Yosef mean when he says that there is no Anperus in Bavel?
What is his reason for saying that?

(b) The Minhag was for the joint residents of each 'Bik'ah' (area of land containing a number of fields) to pay their property taxes to one of the residents, who would pay the king's tax-collector on behalf of all of them. What would they do if one of the residents was away and had not paid his taxes to the representative?

(a) What did Gidal bar Re'ila'i the representative do when all the joint owners of his area paid him their taxes?

(b) The other owners placed the onus of paying on behalf of an owner who had been away for one year, upon Gidal's shoulders, and gave him the right to benefit from his field. What did that owner demand upon his return?

(c) What did Rav Papa rule when the representative wished to recoup his losses?

(d) On what grounds did Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua object? What then, should the Halachah be?

(a) According to the Mishnah Acharonah, assuming that the owner is unable to buy the field back, the purchaser must pay the owner a quarter of the price of the field that he paid to the Sikrikun.
Why is that?

(b) Rav and Shmuel argue over the meaning of 'a quarter'. Both agree that if he so wishes, he may return a quarter of the field, but they argue over how much he must pay should he decide to pay with money.
What does ...

  1. ... Rav mean when he says 'Revi'a be'Karka she'Hu Revi'a be'Ma'os' (according to the text of the Aruch, who also replaces Rav with Rav Huna)?
  2. ... Shmuel mean when he says 'Revi'a be'Karka she'Hein Sh'lish be'Ma'os'?
(c) The difference between them will be if the purchaser decides to pay money and not land.
What is the reasoning behind the opinion of ...
  1. ... Rav?
  2. ... Shmuel?
(d) How does Rav Ashi reconcile Shmuel with the Beraisa which explicitly states 'Revi'a be'Karka O Revi'a be'Ma'os'?
Answers to questions

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